Holocaust Escape Tunnel

At ground zero for the final solution, scientists uncover a story of hope and bravery. Airing April 19, 2017 at 9 pm on PBS Aired April 19, 2017 on PBS

Program Description

For centuries, the Lithuanian city of Vilna was one of the most important Jewish centers in the world, earning the title “Jerusalem of the North” until World War II, when the Nazis murdered about 95% of its Jewish population and reduced its synagogues and cultural institutions to ruins. The Soviets finished the job, paving over the remnants of Vilna’s famous Great Synagogue so thoroughly that few today know it ever existed. Now, an international team of archaeologists is trying to rediscover this forgotten world, excavating the remains of its Great Synagogue and searching for proof of one of Vilna’s greatest secrets: a lost escape tunnel dug by Jewish prisoners inside a horrific Nazi execution site.

Broadcast Credits

CINEMATOGRAPHERS
Daniel Lyons
Ezra Wolfinger
EDITED BY
Rob Kirwan
NARRATED BY
Jay O. Sanders
PRODUCED BY
Owen Palmquist
Kirk Wolfinger
WRITTEN BY
Owen Palmquist
DIRECTED BY
Paula S. Apsell and Kirk Wolfinger
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Kirk Wolfinger
ORIGINAL MUSIC
Ed Grenga
ASSOCIATE PRODUCER
Lisa Goodfellow Bowe
ANIMATION
Edgeworx Studios
SOUND RECORDISTS
Peter Nenortas
ADDITIONAL CAMERA
Tom Phillips
HEAD OF PRODUCTION
Eric Mofford
POST SUPERVISOR
Mary Antinozzi Soule
ASSISTANT EDITOR
Franklin Kendrick
ONLINE EDITOR
Matthew Fletcher
POST PRODUCTION SERVICES
Trailblazer Studios
COLORIST
Shawn Pinner, C.S.I.
SOUND DESIGN AND MIX
Willie Elias
POST COORDINATOR
Ashley Faison
ARCHIVAL CONSULTANT
Rich Remsberg
VOICEOVER
Jonathan Davis
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
21st Century Studios
AP Archive
Bundesfilmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH
Archives of YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, New York
Forward Association
Getty Images
Historic Films Archive
Holocaust Education and Archive Research Team
Library of Congress
National Archives and Records Administration
National Center for Jewish Film at Brandeis University
Shutterstock
Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive, United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum 
The Ghetto Fighters' House Museum, Israel/ The Photo Archive
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum
Yad Vashem
SPECIAL THANKS
Advisian a WorleyParsons Group
Archaeology Quest: Vilna 
Arieh Kochavi
Benjamin Saks 
Bernard Benarroch
CCAT
Dr. David Ariel
The Grae Family Vilna Excavations Project at the University of Hartford
The Goldrich Foundation‎, Bayer School of Science,  Duquesne University
Israel Antiquities Authority 
Jan Francke
Jewish Community of Lithuania
Professor Michael Berenbaum
Paul Bauman Geophysics Ltd.
Saulius Sužiedėlis
Targum Shlishi Foundation
The Maurice Greenberg Center for Judaic Studies and the College of Arts and Sciences,
University of Hartford
US Embassy, Vilnius 
US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad
The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
POST PRODUCTION ONLINE EDITOR
Spencer Gentry
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
RESEARCH
Ana Aceves
SENIOR SCIENCE RESEARCHER
Caitlin Saks
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Anne Barleon
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL AUDIENCE RESEARCH
Cory Allen
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
RIGHTS MANAGER
Lauren Miller
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Michael H. Amundson
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
BUSINESS MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Elizabeth Benjes
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
DIRECTOR, BUSINESS OPERATIONS & FINANCE
Laurie Cahalane
DEPUTY EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Julia Cort
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A NOVA production by Lone Wolf Media for WGBH Boston.

© 2017 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

Original funding for this program was provided by Cancer Treatment Centers of America, 23andMe, The David H. Koch Fund for Science, The Steve Perry Foundation, Marjie and Robert Kargman and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (train passing stop sign)
© Joey Hayes/Vantage/Design Pics Inc/Alamy Stock Photo

Participants

Vadim Altskan
U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
Hana Amir
Daughter of Ponar Survivor
Samuel Bak
Vilna Survivor
Esia Baran Friedman
Vilna Survivor
Zenonas Baubonis
Lithuanian Institute of History
Paul Bauman
WorleyParsons
Ken Bensimon
KMB Architects
Ellen Cassedy
Author, "We Are Here"
Mantas Daubaras
Lithuanian Institute of History
Sabina Domba
Daughter of Ponar Survivor
Nikita Farber
Grandson of Ponar Survivor
David Fishman
Jewish Theological Seminary
Richard Freund
University of Hartford
Abe Gol
Son of Ponar Survivor
Harry Jol
University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
Alex Kleinschmidt
University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
Faina Kukliansky
Jewish Community of Lithuania
Haim Matzkin
Son of Ponar Survivor
Alastair McClymont
WorleyParsons
Judah Passow
Photographer
Avinoam Patt
University of Hartford
Philip Reeder
Duquesne University
Jon Seligman
Israeli Antiquities Authority
Rachel Sharon
Vilna Survivor
Timothy Snyder
Yale University
Markas Zingeris
Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum

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Full Program | 54:14

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