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Inside Animal Minds

In this series, go inside the brains of three smart animals—dogs, birds, and dolphins. Premiering April 9, 16, and 23 at 9 pm on PBS Premiering April 9, 16, and 23 at 9 pm on PBS

Program Description

What would it be like to go inside the mind of an animal? Now, the revolutionary science of animal cognition is revealing hard evidence about how animals understand the world around them, uncovering their remarkable problem-solving abilities, and exploring the complexity of their powers of communication and even their emotions. In the three-hour special “Inside Animal Minds,” NOVA explores these breakthroughs through three iconic creatures: dogs, birds, and dolphins. We’ll travel into the spectacularly nuanced noses of dogs and wolves and ask whether their reliance on different senses has shaped their evolution. We’ll see through the eyes of a starling in flight and test the tool-using skills of one of the smartest birds, the crow. We’ll listen in as scientists track dolphins in the Caribbean and elephants on the African savannah, trying to unlock the secrets of animal communication. As we discover how researchers are pushing the animal mind to its limits, we’ll uncover surprising similarities to—and differences from—the human mind.

Broadcast Credits

IMAGE:

Image credit: (elephant)
© Tetra Images/Corbis

Sources

LINKS

Comparative Cognition Lab, University of Cambridge
http://www.psychol.cam.ac.uk/ccl/
Professor Nicola Clayton’s web site includes descriptions of her research and links to video features and lab news.

Cornell Lab of Ornithology
http://www.birds.cornell.edu/Page.aspx?pid=1478
Dedicated to all things birds, this provides extensive information for bird-enthusiasts, novices and researchers alike, including detailed guides on the various species of birds as well as "bird cams" and tips for bird-owners.

Dognition
http://dognition.com
Co-founded by Brian Hare of the Duke Canine Cognition Center, Dognition is a citizen-science web site with tools and games to help dog owners to better understand their pets.

The Dolphin Communication Project
http://www.dolphincommunicationproject.org/
The web site for this dolphin research and education organization features information on dolphin behavior and links to scientific publications from affiliated researchers.

The Jane Goodall Institute
http://www.janegoodall.org/chimpanzees
This resource for all things chimpanzee features detailed pages on these cousins of humans, including their biology and habitat, their use of tools, and extensive information on conservation efforts around the world.

Lola Ya Bonobo
http://www.friendsofbonobos.org/
Learn about bonobos, which are among our closest living relatives, at the web site for this unique sanctuary, which provides lifetime care to bonobos orphaned by the illegal trade in endangered wildlife.

NOAA Fisheries and the National Marine Fisheries Service
http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/mammals/
This web site has extensive resources on marine mammals and other marine species, including details on their biology, habitat, protection status, and conservation threats.

Neuroscience of Vision and Aerial Robotics Lab, University of Queensland
http://web.qbi.uq.edu.au/srini-lab/index.php?page=home&ss=1
Under the direction of Mandyam V. Srinivasan, this lab studies how animals use vision to shape their behavior. This site includes video from experiments testing the visual perception of birds and bees, including the original optic flow experiment featured in “Inside Animal Minds: Dogs and Super Senses.”

Think Elephants International: How Elephants Think
http://thinkelephants.org/pages/ow_elephants_think.html
On the web site for this non-profit elephant conservation foundation, learn more about how scientists study elephant cognition.

Yale University Comparative Cognition Laboratory
http://caplab.yale.edu/
Directed by Laurie Santos, the Yale University Comparative Cognition Laboratory explores the evolution of the human mind by comparing human cognitive traits and skills with those of non-human primates.

BOOKS

How Dogs Love Us: A Neuroscientist and His Adopted Dog Decode the Canine Brain
By Gregory Berns. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013.
Neuroscientist Gregory Berns tells the story of how his adopted terrier Callie inspired his MRI studies of canine cognition.

Avian Visual Cognition
www.pigeon.psy.tufts.edu/avc/
Edited by Dr. Robert G. Cook, Tufts University Department of Psychology, 2001.
Each chapter of this e-book is written by a different researcher who has explored a facet of visual cognition in birds, including how birds use imitation, how they judge number/quantity, and the evolution of the avian visual system.

Are Dolphins Really Smart?
By Justin Gregg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Dolphin researcher Justin Gregg uses contemporary dolphin cognition research to separate popular myths about dolphin behavior and intelligence from reality.

Dolphin Diaries: My 25 Years with Spotted Dolphins in the Bahamas
By Denise L. Herzing. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2012.
Involved with the Wild Dolphin Project http://www.wilddolphinproject.org/ since 1985, Dr. Herzing's book chronicles her interactions with these creatures, from how they behave, interact and go through their various life processes.

Inside of a Dog: What Dogs See, Smell and Know
By Alexandra Horowitz. New York: Scribner, 2009.
A cognitive scientist and one of the researchers featured in this NOVA series, Horowitz explores what makes dogs the creatures they are. From why they chase people on bikes to how they can sense the need for companionship in humans, Horowitz takes readers through the science behind these beloved canines.

What the Dog Knows: The Science and Wonder of Working Dogs
By Cat Warren. New York: Touchstone, 2013.
This book is written by a former journalist who, thanks to her German shepherd, Solo, began exploring the life of working dogs, from cadaver dogs and bomb detection dogs to seeing-eye dogs. The book delves into the biology, physiology, psychology and training of these canines, examining what about enables them to work in these various capacities.

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Animal Minds: Birds

Birds that craft tools and pick locks are rewriting the rules of animal intelligence. Airing April 9, 2014 at 9 pm on PBS Aired April 9, 2014 on PBS

Program Description

(Program not available for streaming.) When it comes to intelligence, we humans are clearly the most gifted animals around. But what make us so special? Is it our ability to make and use tools? To solve complex problems? Or plan for the future? It might seem that way, but today, researchers are discovering other creatures with impressive brains that have mastered all those skills. Surprisingly, many are bird brains. Crows bend and shape sticks to create custom-made spears for hunting grubs, and they are just one among a growing list of bird species whose impressive problem-solving abilities are shocking scientists and revolutionizing our understanding of animal intelligence. At the head of the class, we meet animals like Muppet, a cockatoo with a talent for picking locks; 007, a wild crow on a mission to solve an eight-step puzzle for the first time ever; and Bran, a tame raven who can solve a puzzle box so quickly that his performance has to be captured with high-speed photography. But are these skills really evidence of high intelligence, or just parlor tricks, the result of training and instinct? To find out, NOVA tests the limits of some of the planet’s brainiest animals, searching for the secrets of a problem-solving mind.

Broadcast Credits

PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY
Graham Russell
SERIES PRODUCER FOR BBC
Jacqueline Smith
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR BBC
Mark Hedgecoe
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR NOVA
Julia Cort
EDITED BY
Rod McLean
Robin Stokes
Clyde Wallbanks
David Chmura
Vincent Liota
CAMERA
David Baille
Doug Allen
Alan Nogues
Mike Coles
NARRATED BY
Lance Lewman
ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS
Emma Oastler
Lena Sheehan
Will Toubman
FIXER
Pascal Jayet
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Emma Curtis
SOUND RECORDISTS
Steve Hubbard
Leo Sullivan
Manuel Wilhelm
Keith Rodgerson
MUSIC
Richard Blair-Oliphant
ScoreKeepers Music
ANIMATION
Shadow Industries Ltd
ASSISTANT EDITOR
Jim Fetela
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Michael H. Amundson
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
ARCHIVE RESEARCH
Neil MacDonald RESEARCH Mairead Maclean Andrew Laing
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Helene Roseby
PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT ASSISTANT
Naomi Buchanan
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
Framepool
Film Footage courtesy of Shutterstock Inc., Used by Permission
Getty Images
iStockphoto
Pond5
University of Auckland
SPECIAL THANKS
Gabrielle Davidson, University of Cambridge
James Thom, University of Cambridge
Edward Legg, University of Cambridge
Dr. Auguste Von Bayern, University of Oxford
Professor Alex Kacelnik, University of Oxford
Oxford University Museum of Natural History
David Newham, University of Glasgow
Ken Edward & The Quantock Beekeeper Assoc.
Colin Chambers , St Edward’s Church, Goathurst
Vulcan Productions
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
SENIOR RESEARCHER
Kate Becker
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Kristen Sommerhalter
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Scott Kardel, Esq.
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION
Rachel Connolly
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF NEW MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATE
Lisa Leombruni
UNIT MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Rebecca Nieto
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COMPLIANCE MANAGER
Linzy Emery
BUSINESS MANAGER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A BBC/NOVA Co-Production

© 2013 BBC

Inside Animal Minds: Bird Genius Additional Material © 2014 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved.

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (Raven)
© Charles Kogod/National Geographic Society/Corbis

Participants

Alice Auersperg
University of Vienna
Lloyd Buck
Bird Handler
Nicola Clayton
University of Cambridge
Jane Goodall
Primatologist
Justin Gregg
Animal Cognition Researcher
Brian Hare
Duke University
Adam Hart
University of Gloucestershire
Mario Pesendorfer
University of Nebraska
Alex Taylor
University of Auckland
Auguste von Bayern
University of Oxford

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Animal Minds: Dogs

How do dogs, sharks, dolphins, or birds experience the world? Airing April 16, 2014 at 9 pm on PBS Aired April 16, 2014 on PBS

Program Description

(Program not available for streaming.) What is it like to be a dog, a shark, or a bird? Long the subject of human daydreams, this question is now getting serious attention from scientists who study animal senses. The senses define our experience of the world—they shape our minds, and help make us what we are. Humans rely on smell, sight, taste, touch, and sound, but other animals have super-powered versions of these senses, and a few, like electrically-sensitive sharks, even have extra senses we don’t have at all. From a dog who seems to use smell to tell time, to a dolphin who can "see" with his ears, we will discover how animals use their senses in ways we humans can barely imagine. But it’s not just the senses that are remarkable—it's the brains that process them. How does a swallow’s tiny, one-gram brain take in the flood of visual information that enables the bird to whiz within inches of buildings while flying at 40 miles per hour? How does a dog’s mind turn the sight of a hand signal into the happy anticipation of a treat? How has the evolution of the dog—from its wolf ancestors–reshaped its brain? NOVA goes into the minds of animals to “see” the world in an entirely new way.

Broadcast Credits

PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY
Matt Barrett
SERIES PRODUCER FOR BBC
Jacqueline Smith
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR BBC
Mark Hedgecoe
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR NOVA
Julia Cort
EDITED BY
Alex Broad
Mike Riding
Robin Stokes
David Chmura
CAMERA
Alastair McCormick
Duncan Brake
Will Edwards
Mike Coles
Cameron Hickey
Stephen McCarthy
SPECIALIST CAMERA
Robin Smith
Jonathan & Chris Watt
NARRATED BY
Lance Lewman
ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS
Kate Pringle
Lena Sheehan
Will Toubman
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Emma Curtis
SOUND RECORDISTS
Jamie Flynn
John O’Connor
Keith Rogerson
DIVING SAFETY SUPERVISOR
Richard Bull
ASSISTANT CAMERA
Allan Wilson
MUSIC
Richard Blair-Oliphant
ScoreKeepers Music
ANIMATION
Shadow Industries Ltd.
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Helene Roseby
ASSISTANT EDITOR
Jim Fetela
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Michael H. Amundson
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
ARCHIVE RESEARCH
Chloe Juyon
PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT ASSISTANT
Naomi Buchanan
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
Mitch Bergsma
Film Footage courtesy of Shutterstock Inc., Used By Permission
Framepool
Getty Images
Illusion Works
iStockphoto
John Downer Productions
Oren La Paz
Pond5
ThisGuyEpicEduard
US Department of Defense
Wild Logic
Kelsey Wynns
SPECIAL THANKS
Original research on optic flow performed by:
Partha S. Bhagavatula
Charles Claudianos
Michael R. Ibbotson
Mandyam V. Srinivasan

Research School of Biology, Australian National University
The Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland
Dognition
Dolphin Research Center
Brian Branstetter
Lloyd & Rose Buck
National Search and Rescue Dog Association
SharkDefense
Shark Lab
Thetametrix
Wolf Park
Nestly Hoeg
Monique Udell
Thomas O’Dowd
Oregon State University
Troy Caisey
Boston Police Department K9 Unit
Clive Wynne
Rob Hampton
Kevin McGowan
Thomas Seeley
Chris Boyer
Whitlow Au
Barnard College
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
SENIOR RESEARCHER
Kate Becker
ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER
Shraddha Chakradhar
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Kristen Sommerhalter
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF NEW MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATE
Lisa Leombruni
UNIT MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Rebecca Nieto
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COMPLIANCE MANAGER
Linzy Emery
BUSINESS MANAGER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A BBC/NOVA Co-Production

© 2013 BBC

Inside Animal Minds: Dogs & Super Senses Additional Material © 2014 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved.

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (Siberian husky)
© Jerome Gorin/PhotoAlto/Corbis

Participants

Gregory Berns
Emory University
Justin Gregg
Animal Cognition Researcher
Brian Hare
Duke University
Alexandra Horowitz
Barnard College, Columbia University
Kathryn Lord
University of Massachusetts
Neil Powell
National Search and Rescue Dog Association
Patrick Rice
Marine Biologist
Armando Rodriguez
Dolphin Research Center
Mark Spivak
Comprehensive Pet Therapy
Martin Stevens
University of Exeter
Eric Stroud
SharkDefense

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Animal Minds: Smartest

Explore the social lives of some of the smartest animals on the planet. Airing April 23, 2014 at 9 pm on PBS Aired April 23, 2014 on PBS

Program Description

(Program not available for streaming.) What makes an animal smart? What forces of evolution drive brains to become more complex? Many scientists believe the secret lies in our relationships. Throughout the animal kingdom, some of the cleverest creatures—including humans—seem to be those who live in complex social groups, like dolphins, elephants, and apes. Could the skills required to keep track of friend and foe make animals smarter? To find out, NOVA goes inside the social lives of some of the smartest animals on the planet. Off the coast of Florida, we see dolphins team up to catch fish by whipping up a wall of muddy water that drives the meal right into their companions’ waiting mouths. It seems that the dolphins are working together to plan their hunt. But are they really? Biologists go on a quest to decipher the secrets of animal societies, from the seas of the Caribbean to the plains of Africa. Do dolphins and elephants have "language?" Do chimps have a sense of fairness? And are any animals besides ourselves capable of feeling empathy?

Broadcast Credits

PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY
Andrew Thompson
SERIES PRODUCER FOR BBC
Jacqueline Smith
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR BBC
Mark Hedgecoe
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER FOR NOVA
Julia Cort
EDITED BY
Rod McLean
Robin Stokes
Clyde Wallbanks
Vincent Liota
David Chmura
CAMERA
Will Edwards
Doug Allan
William Mills
Alastair McCormick
Mike Coles
Cameron Hickey
Blake Hottle
NARRATED BY
Lance Lewman
ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS
Emma Oastler
Will Toubman
Lena Sheehan
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Emma Curtis
SOUND RECORDISTS
Chris Gibbions
Andrew Yarme
Josh Harris
Robert Anderson
Keith Rogerson
MUSIC
Richard Blair-Oliphant
ScoreKeepers Music
ANIMATION
Shadow Industries Ltd.
2K-12 Studios
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Helene Roseby
ASSISTANT EDITOR
Jim Fetela
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Michael H. Amundson
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
ARCHIVE RESEARCH
Chloe Juyon
PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT ASSISTANT
Naomi Buchanan
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
Capt. Dave’s Dolphin and Whale Safari
Corbis Images
Film Footage courtesy of Shutterstock Inc., Used by Permission
Framepool
Getty Images
iStockphoto
Pond5
Porter Watson/ Footage Search
SPECIAL THANKS
Amboseli Trust for Elephants
Edinburgh Zoo
Emory University
Graeme Shannon
Katie Hall
Kitito Sayialel
Martina S. Wing, Ocean Wings Hawaii, Inc.
Mote Marine Laboratory
National Aquarium, Baltimore
Phillip Hansen Bailey
Smithsonian Institution
University of St. Andrews
Whitlow Au
Lucy Bates
Stanley Kuczaj
Roatan Institute for Marine Science
Consoling Elephant Video – Courtesy of Joshua Plotnik and Think Elephants International, Inc.
Yerkes National Primate Research Center
Dolphin Communication Project
Brain Hare
Lola ya Bonobo, Friends of Bonobos
Barnard College
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
SENIOR RESEARCHER
Kate Becker
ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER
Shraddha Chakradhar
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Kristen Sommerhalter
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF NEW MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATE
Lisa Leombruni
UNIT MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Rebecca Nieto
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COMPLIANCE MANAGER
Linzy Emery
BUSINESS MANAGER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A BBC/NOVA Co-Production

© 2013 BBC

Inside Animal Minds: Who’s the Smartest? Additional Material © 2014 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved.

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (Bottlenose Dolphin)
© Stuart Westmorland/CORBIS

Participants

Frans De Waal
Emory University
Kathleen Dudzinski
Dolphin Communication Project
Justin Gregg
Animal Cognition Researcher
Brian Hare
Duke University
Alexandra Horowitz
Barnard College, Columbia University
Vincent Janik
University of St. Andrews
John Lilly
Neuroscientist
Lori Marino
Emory University
Karen McComb
University of Sussex
Kelly Melillo Sweeting
Dolphin Communication Project
Diana Reiss
Hunter College

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