For ages 6 and older.
If something falls or is dropped, it heads toward Earth. But why? Isaac Newton
(1642-1727) thought about why objects on Earth drop down when they fall.
Gravity is a force that causes objects to fall toward the ground. Newton
studied and learned a lot about gravity. In this activity, you will investigate
whether your parachute will overcome gravity.
You will need
- 5-by-5-inch plastic sheet (cut from a small plastic bag)
- 4 pieces of thin string, each 6 inches long
- small paper cup (not wax coated)
- masking tape
- pencil or crayon
What to do
Write your initials on the bottom of your cup. Place the plastic sheet flat on
a table. Tape a piece of string to each corner of the sheet.
Tape the string ends to the rim of the cup. Make sure the string pieces are
an equal distance apart from each other.
You made a parachute! Pick it up by pinching the top center of the plastic.
Hold your parachute as high above your head as you can, and drop your parachute
in front of you. Watch it. Does it go up or down?
Now it is time to experiment. What happens if the parachute is dropped from
a greater height? Ask a grown-up to drop the parachute for you. Does it go up
or down? Why do you think you got the results you did?
Janice VanCleave's Gravity
by Janice Pratt VanCleave. Wiley, 1993.
Features 20 simple experiments and projects that allow children to explore the
concept of gravity.
On a Flying Guitar (sound recording)
by Steve Roslonek. SteveSongs, 2000.
Includes a song on gravity.
Aviation and Space Education Outreach Program
Describes an activity that demonstrates how a kite flies.
Newton and Gravity
years ago, people didn't understand why things fell downward and why the
planets orbited the sun. Newton helped people understand that gravity is the
force that holds us on Earth, causes objects to fall toward Earth, holds the
moon in its orbit around Earth, and holds the planets in their orbits around
the sun. Though it is a weak force (otherwise we would be sucked into Earth),
it has played a big role in shaping the universe.