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in the trench High Altitude Archaeology
by Liesl Clark

The Lost Empire | The Sacrificial Ceremony | High Altitude Archaeology | Burial Artefacts

Clink, clink, clink, pause. Johan Reinhard stops to take a breath, ice axe in hand, as Carlos Zarate scrapes away the dislodged debris with a shovel. The high altitude plains stretch as far as the eye can see. A few snow-capped Andean peaks in the distance rise above the cloud layer, which hovers a few thousand feet below us. This is science with a million-dollar view, otherwise known as high altitude archaeology. Most people think of archaeological excavations as the slow, painstaking wiping away of minute layers of sand and earth, usually with a small brush. At high altitude, however, time is short, because the oxygen-deprived environment is not life sustaining. Shovels and ice axes are what's needed to penetrate the frozen hard materials that mountains are made of. A small camp stove and tea kettle are also required instruments—hot water poured on frozen surfaces can speed up the digging process.

trowel Just to get above 15,000 feet takes a certain breed of person: someone who loves the mountains and can deal with uncomfortable conditions, including cold, extreme weather, sleeplessness, lack of appetite, and a constant gasping for breath. James Brundige, our soundman and a veteran of high altitude climbs, describes being at altitude as "forcing your heart to have a mild stroke because of the lack of oxygen."

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