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Mapping Terra Incognita
Henricus Hondius, Polus Antarcticus (1639)
Hondius map

Mapmaker Henricus Hondius scrupulously recorded the known area of Antarctica in 1639—nothingness. Not given to conjuring continents on a whim, Hondius confined his flights of fancy to the perimeter of his map, where Magellanic penguins, native to South America, disport themselves. His conception endured as a model for mapmakers for some 60 years, countering the traditional mapmaker's penchant for speculating into existence what had not yet been seen or explored.
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Claudius Ptolemy (150 AD) | Oronce Finé (1531)
Henricus Hondius (1639) | J. Dezauche (1773-75) | James Clark Ross (1845)
Royal Geographical Society (1898) | United States Geological Survey (1999)



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