Power From Fish Scales?

  • By Anna Rothschild
  • Posted 12.01.16
  • NOVA

What should you do with stinky old fish skins? How about powering your cellphone? Learn more in this episode of Gross Science.

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Running Time: 03:20

Transcript

Power From Fish Scales?

Posted: December 1, 2016

What should you do with stinky old fish skins? How about powering your cellphone?

I’m Anna Rothschild, and this is Gross Science.

No matter how much you love fish, you’ll likely toss the skin. But why let a good thing go to waste? Turns out, a team of physicists has found a way to make fish scales into tiny electrical generators.

So, how does it work? Well, fish scales, along with bones, cartilage, and tendons, are all made of a protein called collagen. Collagen is a “piezoelectric” material, which means that it creates an electric charge in response to a mechanical stress, like pressure. You can tap it, slap it, squeeze it, breeze it; no matter what, it’ll make electrical energy. You might’ve seen piezoelectricity at work this summer; it’s what makes barbecue lighters spark. When you press the trigger, it strikes a piezoelectric quartz crystal, which in turn generates high voltage that creates a spark and lights the fuel.

The cool thing about these materials is that they work in reverse, too. Feeding a piezoelectric material electricity can make it change its shape or vibrate. This is how the tiny speakers in those novelty cards work. You open the card, close the circuit, and send electricity to a piezoelectric diaphragm. It deforms its shape and vibrates at specific frequencies, creating sound waves.

But back to fish skins. To make a tiny generator, the team collects carp scales from a processing plant. They take these scales and put them in a solution that makes them flexible and transparent. Add electrodes and laminate the whole thing, and you have a biodegradable energy harvester. Potential uses include small electronics that you can bend, see through, and even eat. And it’s all because of fish skin. It’s basically the ultimate upcycling project!

I should put that on my Pinterest board…

Perhaps the coolest thing about the microgenerator is its high sensitivity to pressure. Just tapping four of them can power 50 LEDs. It’s able to pick up mechanical energy from ambient body movements, wind flow, and even sound vibrations. You could power your phone just by walking—no charger needed.

And because it’s made of collagen, the generator could be “biocompatible.” That means it’s not harmful to living tissue, like your skin or organs. After all, so much of your body is already made of collagen. So, beyond handheld electronics, physicists are exploring medical applications like insulin pumps or pacemakers. The tiny movement of your heart beating would provide enough mechanical energy to keep the generator going. Which is super cool! … As long as you can get over having dead fish parts in your body.

Ew.

Credits

PRODUCTION CREDITS

Host, Producer
Anna Rothschild
Writer, Researcher, Videographer, Editor
Mark Gartsbeyn
Good Time Charlie b
Music Provided by APM
Original Footage
©WGBH Educational Foundation 2016

FOOTAGE AND STILLS

Images of collagen and scientists with generator
Courtesy Dr. Dipankar Mandal
X-ray real heart beating in action
Shutterstock/SVTeam
Dead Fish
Wikimedia Commons/Jbellegaribay
Cook Fish on White Ceramic Plate
Pexels
Sashimi
Pixabay/PublicDomainPictures
Tuna fish sandwiches for the National School Lunch Program (1)
Wikimedia Commons/U.S. Department of Agriculture
Fish Sticks (11833724893)
Wikimedia Commons/EHRENBERG Kommunikation
Fish and Chips
PublicDomainPictures.net/George Hodan
Salade nicoise
Wikimedia Commons/Canterel
Image from page 442 of “Encylopédie d’historie naturelle” (Fish illustration)
Flickr/Internet Archive Book Images
Genga 05
Wikimedia Commons/Fuelbottle~commonswiki
The horse, its treatment in health and disease with a complete guide to breeding, training and management (1906) (14749262516)
Wikimedia Commons/J. Wortley Axe/Internet Archive Book Images
Wax(?) model of a dissected foot, showing tendons. Pencil an Wellcome V0008281
Wikimedia Commons/Wellcome Images
Catla catla
Wikimedia Commons/Khalid Mahmood
Dead Carp J1
Wikimedia Commons/Jamain

SFX

Cockroaches
Freesound/StateAardvark­
(used with permission from author)
Squeak Pack/squeak_10
Freesound/Corsica_S
ELECTRIC_ZAP_001
Freesound/JoelAudio
Wink
Freesound/bennychico11
DrumRoll
Wikimedia Commons/HolyGhostParty
Whip Cracks/Whip Crack 01
Freesound/CGEffex
Squeaky Dog Toy
Freesound/DANMITCH3LL
Household/Extractor Fan 02
Freesound/JarredGibb
Produced by WGBH for PBS Digital Studios

POSTER IMAGE

Catla catla
Wikimedia Commons/Khalid Mahmood

Sources

Want more info?

(Original article) High-performance bio-piezoelectric nanogenerator made with fish scales:
http://bit.ly/2gdOVvU

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