PROGRAMS

1:53:34Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?Nov. 19, 2013
53:32Never Forget to LieMay. 14, 2013
1:53:55Kind Hearted WomanApr. 1, 2013
1:54:36The InterruptersFeb. 14, 2012
17:58Who's Afraid of Ai Weiwei?Mar. 29, 2011
56:22Dreams of ObamaJan. 20, 2009
+ MORE PROGRAMS

STORIES

New Details Emerge in Hearing on Abuse at Spirit Lake

The Congressional hearing, called to shed light on the problem of child abuse and neglect on the Spirit Lake reservation, exposed a fundamental problem in Indian Country: a dearth of federal funds.

As Child Abuse Persists at Spirit Lake, Congress Steps In

A congressional committee will investigate why child abuse persists on the Spirit Lake reservation, almost two years after the federal government stepped in to deal with the problem.

Nelson Mandela’s Mixed Legacy on HIV/AIDS

As president, Nelson Mandela missed an opportunity to reshape attitudes about HIV and AIDS, says a member of the nation’s Constitutional Court.

Press Release | “The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela”

As the world mourns Nelson Mandela’s passing and celebrates his legacy, FRONTLINE presents a unique portrait of this extraordinary man.

Oswald: Myth, Mystery and Meaning

Don DeLillo, Edward J. Epstein, and Gerald Posner respond to questions about the elusive character and contested significance of the 24-year-old former Marine who shot John F. Kennedy.

Twenty-Four Years

A timeline of Lee Harvey Oswald’s life

Conspiracy: Cases For and Against

Millions of Americans believe there exists a larger, darker explanation for President Kennedy’s assassination than just Oswald, the lone, disturbed gunman.

Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City

What the CIA knew about Lee Harvey Oswald’s 1963 visit to Mexico has become one of the most closely guarded secrets in the agency’s history.

Glimpses of a Life

Many experts say the real Lee Harvey Oswald can be discerned in his writings and statements and in the documents and files concerning him. Here is a small sampling.

Interview: G. Robert Blakey

“Any effort to explain what happened in Dallas must explain Lee Harvey Oswald, and Lee Harvey Oswald is a mystery wrapped up in an enigma, hidden behind a riddle,” says the chief counsel to the 1977 House Select Committee on Assassinations.

Interview: Priscilla Johnson McMillan

Historian Priscilla Johnson McMillan speaks with FRONTLINE about the perplexing, troubling events of Lee Harvey Oswald’s life, as seen through the eyes of his wife Marina.

Interview: Robert Oswald

Lee Harvey Oswald’s older brother says that the “hard physical evidence” from the Kennedy assassination leads him to one conclusion: “The Warren Commission was correct.”

Interview: Gerald Posner

There is no physical evidence at Dealey Plaza to suggest anyone but Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated President Kennedy, says Gerald Posner, author of “Case Closed.”

Norman Mailer on Oswald

Can there be any American who, having failed to gain stature while he was alive, now haunts us more than Lee Harvey Oswald, asks Norman Mailer in “Oswald’s Tale: An American Mystery.”

Hollywood & History: The Debate Over “JFK”

What obligation does Hollywood owe facts, accuracy, the truth? When popular history like Oliver Stone’s JFK gets hold of a subject, what kind of damage can be done?

“Oliver Stone’s Paranoid Propaganda”

Oliver Stone’s “JFK” is neither entertainment nor art, but a political bid to make the filmmaker’s rather paranoid vision the established view of a traumatic national event, writes commentator John Leo.

Readings & Links

A collection of readings and links about the Kennedy assassination and the investigation into his death.

8 Things You May Not Know About Lee Harvey Oswald

For 50 years, Lee Harvey Oswald has remained the enigmatic figure at the center of the Kennedy assassination. Was he a lone gunman? A conspirator? A patsy?

“There is One More Out There Like Them”: A Survivor’s Story

After watching “Never Forget to Lie,” a child Holocaust survivor recognizes that she is not alone.

An Update from the “Kind Hearted Woman”

Since the April broadcast of the film, Robin Poor Bear has been sharing her story with communities across the country.

Reflections On “Never Forget To Lie”

For many viewers, filmmaker Marian Marzynski’s Never Forget To Lie has evoked strong emotions about family, faith, survival and love.

Maja Hrabowska: “My Life In Hiding”

Maja Hrabowska is a member of the generation of children that survived the Holocaust. “The past is always with me,” she writes. “It has long, cold fingers, and catches me unprepared, at night mostly, when I wake up in sweat.”

The Last Witnesses of the Holocaust — Live Chat Transcript

Join a live chat with filmmaker Marian Marzynski and historian Peter Black, of the United States Holocaust Museum. You can leave a question now.

Marian Marzynski: Returning to My Warsaw Story

“In Poland I had lived in a closet: as a 5-year-old boy hiding during the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto, running for my life on the Christian side, but also, as an adult after the war, trying to forget my past.”

Lillian Boraks-Nemetz: My Holocaust Survival

As a child, Lillian Boraks-Nemetz escaped from the Warsaw Ghetto, but at great risk, and without her family.

Ed Herman: My Warsaw Ghetto Memories

“My personnel journey is a narrative of strong faith, growing up in a hurry, resilience and strength in face of adversity, a story of close escapes against all odds and miraculous survival.”

ARCHIVED PROGRAMS

Nov. 11, 2008

Boogie Man: The Lee Atwater Story

(60 minutes) In the wake of yet another hard-fought and bitter presidential campaign, FRONTLINE presents a spirited and revealing biography of Lee Atwater, the charming, Machiavellian godfather of modern, take-no-prisoners Republican political campaigns. Through eye-opening interviews with Atwater's closest friends and adversaries, the film explores the life of the controversial political operative who mentored Karl Rove and George W. Bush, led the GOP to historic victories, and wrote the party's winning playbook. The story tracks Atwater's rise from his beginnings in South Carolina as a high school election kingmaker all the way to the White House and his subsequent battle with cancer and final search for forgiveness and redemption. To Democrats, Atwater was a political assassin who one Congresswoman dubbed "the most evil man in America," but to Republicans he remains a hero for his deep understanding of the American voter and his unapologetic vision of politics as warfare. (Web site »)
Apr. 12, 2005

Karl Rove -- The Architect

(60 minutes) America's preeminent political strategist and his 30-year long vision of building a durable Republican majority. (Web site »)
Oct. 12, 2004

The Choice 2004

(120 minutes) Examining the lives and times, minds and passions, of the two men who would be president: John Kerry and George W. Bush. (Web site »)
Apr. 22, 2004

Son of Al Qaeda

(60 minutes) The remarkable story of a young Canadian who grew up with bin Laden's children, but ended up becoming a CIA informant. (Web site »)
Nov. 20, 2003

Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?

(180 minutes) An investigative biography examining the life and enduring mysteries of the man who assassinated President Kennedy. (Web site »)
Jan. 2, 2003

Much Ado About Something

(90 minutes) His name is synonymous with great literature. Author of timeless masterpieces like "Romeo and Juliet," "Othello," and "Hamlet," William Shakespeare is widely considered to be the greatest writer who ever lived--or was he? FRONTLINE producer Michael Rubbo explores anew the centuries-old controversy over whether the literary masterpieces long attributed to Shakespeare were actually written by his contemporary, Christopher Marlowe. Born in the same year as Shakespeare, Marlowe was at the height of his literary career in 1593 when he was supposedly killed in an argument over a tavern bill. Marlowe's death, however, has been clouded in mystery, with some "Marlovians" insisting the playwright lived to write another day--but under the name of Shakespeare. FRONTLINE takes viewers inside this 16th century detective story in an attempt to unravel what some are calling the "biggest cover-up in literary history." (Web site »)
Jan. 10, 2002

An Ordinary Crime

(90 minutes) It's a story that is more remarkable than any made-for-tv police drama. (Web site »)
Jan. 16, 2001

The Clinton Years

(120 minutes) He was a masterful campaigner - a skilled politician whose command of the issues and ability to connect with an audience impressed seasoned politicos and voters alike. Yet a rocky transition and a succession of scandals and mistakes - both personal and political - very nearly derailed the presidency of William Jefferson Clinton.<br><br>As a new president takes the helm of the ship of state, FRONTLINE and ABC's Nightline join forces to present "The Clinton Years." A weeklong series of special Nightline reports culminates in this two-hour FRONTLINE documentary that follows Bill Clinton from the governor's mansion in Little Rock through a hard-fought campaign and his eight years in the White House. Through interviews with George Stephanopolous, Dee Dee Myers, Madeleine Albright, and other key administration officials, this seminal documentary hosted by Nightline's Ted Koppel offers the first inside look at the Clinton presidency. (Web site »)
Oct. 2, 2000

The Choice 2000

(120 minutes) As Americans prepare for the first presidential election of the 21st century, FRONTLINE opens its nineteenth season with a dual biography of the two men who hope to become the next president of the United States. The two-hour documentary goes beyond the political rhetoric to explore how the candidates and their values have been shaped by family background, history, victory and defeat. By eschewing political pundits in favor of insightful comments from friends, mentors, historians, and spiritual advisors, "The Choice 2000" offers viewers-and voters-a chance to see these two individuals in a fresh light before the campaign reaches its climax on Election Day. (Web site »)
May. 9, 2000

Return of the Czar

(60 minutes) Almost a decade after the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia is arguably more free than at any time in its history. But while the West has applauded the market reforms of former President Boris Yeltsin, in Russia there has been collapse. Today, as the country is being militarized, anti-Western propaganda is increasing. In pushing its ideas of reform, did the U.S. turn a blind eye to Kremlin illegality and compromise the moral authority America cultivated throughout the Cold War? As career KGB officer Vladimir Putin-Yeltsin's annointed successor-is set to ascend to Russia's presidency, FRONTLINE takes an in-depth look at what Russia has become and why. (Web site »)
May. 2, 2000

Jefferson's Blood

(90 minutes) For years there existed a rumor that Thomas Jefferson had a long-standing relationship and several children by Sally Hemings, a woman who was his slave. Now, DNA tests all but prove the rumor true. An early hero of the anti-slavery movement, Jefferson wrote brilliantly of the corrupting influence of slavery on blacks and whites alike. Yet it is now apparent that he lived a dual life, sharing his house with his white daughter and grandchildren while his unacknowledged mistress and his children by her worked in the same house as slaves. In a personal essay, FRONTLINE correspondent Shelby Steele examines Jefferson's life and follows the descendants of Jefferson and Hemings as they undergo DNA testing, search out their family history, and try to sort out their place along America's blurred color line. (Web site »)
Jan. 25, 2000

The Survival of Saddam

(60 minutes) When the Gulf War ended, the United States government believed the Iraqis would quickly overthrow Saddam Hussein. But nine years later, he still rules Iraq. FRONTLINE investigates Saddam's ruthless rise to power and how he has maintained his grip despite pressure from economic sanctions, no-fly zones, UN weapons inspectors, and military attacks from the Iraqi opposition. (Web site »)
Sep. 28, 1999

John Paul II: The Millennial Pope

(150 minutes) FRONTLINE presents a comprehensive biography on the world leader who has emerged as a man at war with the twentieth century itself. In the two decades John Paul II has commanded the world stage, re-invigorating the Catholic Church in much of the world, he has defined himself by his opposition to many of the dominant secular ideologies and passions of our time: communism, feminism, capitalism and consumerism. <br><br>The program draws on hundreds of interviews--from intimates of the Pope, to those whose lives have intersected with his. Their stories are evocative of major themes in the Pope's life: the shaping influence of his youth in Poland, his remarkable relationship with Jews, his part in the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, his battle with liberation theology, his repudiation of the ordination of women, and his relentless exhortation to faith. <br><br>The film is a journey through the 20th century to the sources of Pope John Paul II's character and beliefs, and a journey into the passionate reaction to him. It's a journey that says as much about us as it does about him.<br> (Web site »)
May. 26, 1998

The World's Most Wanted Man

(90 minutes) FRONTLINE examines the dramatic hunt for Radovan Karadzic, the notorious Bosnian Serb leader indicted for atrocities by the War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague, but still at large in the former Yugoslavia. The film investigates Karadzic's rise to power, the war crimes committed during his rule, and why NATO and U.S. forces have failed to arrest him. (Web site »)
Oct. 14, 1997

The Lost American

(90 minutes) FRONTLINE explores the extraordinary life and mysterious disappearance of Fred Cuny, a passionate humanitarian and global trouble-shooter who traveled from Biafra to Bosnia, bringing hope to countless lives in need. A hero to some, a renegade to others, Cuny's strength lay in his ability to look beyond the immediate crisis -- drought, civil discord, earthquakes -- in order to restore a way of life. Like a character lifted from a John le Carre novel, Cuny was a larger-than-life, take-charge Texan with a hunger for lost causes. But after twenty-five years in the field, Cuny was tired of dealing with disasters after they happened instead of the underlying causes. He wanted to be a deal broker, to take a seat at the table where major policy is made. Did that ambition kill him? The investigation traces Cuny's last days in Chechnya, unravels the story of his disappearance, and explores the lessons of his life in an examination of America's responsibilites for the humanitarian disasters that plague our world. (Web site »)
Nov. 26, 1996

Secret Daughter

(150 minutes) FRONTLINE producer June Cross tells the intricate story of her own family through the prism of the changing face of race relations in America. Cross, born to a white mother and an African-American father in the early 1950s, was given away by her mother to live with a black family in Atlantic City when she was four.She only saw her mother and stepfather, TV star Larry Storch, on visits to Hollywood during school vacations. But Cross's mother was afraid her husband's career would be destroyed if the truth about Cross was discovered, so she kept her a secret. FRONTLINE takes viewers on an epic journey across the racial divide, into the hidden world of Hollywood and deep into the complicated relationship between a daughter and the mother who gave her away. (Web site »)
Oct. 8, 1996

The Choice '96

(120 minutes) FRONTLINE opens its fifteenth season on PBS with a dual biography of the 1996 presidential candidates, Bill Clinton and Bob Dole. Interweaving their public careers and private lives, the two-hour report offers an illuminating portrait of each candidate's record and, most importantly, his character, to help voters understand what kind of president each might be. (Web site »)
Apr. 30, 1996

The Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson

(90 minutes) Through five decades, Jesse Jackson has been trying to realize the promise of his own potential he first embraced as a boy in segregated Greenville, South Carolina. His life has been a headlong rush toward that end, fueled by a mix of personal aggrievement, ambition, his own vision of what America should be, and his quixotic but enduring belief that he might be able to change the country and the world. Drawn from journalist Marshall Frady's biography, Pilgrimage, the program is not only a rare in-depth look at the man, but also offers a portrait of race and politics in post-war America. (Web site »)
Nov. 7, 1995

Who's Afraid of Rupert Murdoch?

(90 minutes) In the last forty years, Rupert Murdoch has gone from publisher of a marginal newspaper in Adelaide, Australia, to chairman of one of the world's largest and wealthiest media empires. His business acumen combined with a gambling spirit has made him an enormously successful player in the communications industry. FRONTLINE correspondent Ken Auletta probes Murdoch's drive to establish the first global telecommunications network and examines how Murdoch's success has been dogged by controversy over journalistic standards and the use of political influence.
May. 23, 1995

The Confessions of RosaLee

(60 minutes) The Washington Post ran a week-long series of front-page articles about one Washington, D.C., resident and her family. Reporting on the interrelationships of poverty, racism, crime, illiteracy, and drug use and their persistence over generations, reporter Leon Dash spent four years getting to know RosaLee Cunningham, a thief, former prostitute and drug addict, and the mother of eight children. Dash observed first-hand the poverty, drug use, and crime now cycling through a third generation of RosaLee's family. FRONTLINE examines the reaction and controversy Dash's powerful report had among policymakers and amidst the African-American community and reveals what happens when the reporter-as-objective-observer erases the boundary between himself and his subject.
Nov. 15, 1994

Hillary's Class

(60 minutes) Wellesley's Class of '69 were part of a trailblazing generation of women. What happened to them over the next 25 years?
Nov. 16, 1993

Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?

(180 minutes) At the heart of the mystery of who killed John F. Kennedy lies the puzzle of Lee Harvey Oswald. Marking the thirtieth anniversary of the Kennedy assassination, FRONTLINE presents an investigative biography of the man at the center of the political crime of the century. The program follows Oswald's life story from his boyhood to Dallas, 1963. Was Oswald the emotionally disturbed lone gunman of the 1964 Warren Commission Report? Was he, as the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded, only one of two gunmen that day in Dallas? Or was he an unwitting 'patsy' for the real assassins, as Oswald himself claimed when he was arrested on November 22, 1963? (Web site »)
Oct. 21, 1992

The Choice '92

(120 minutes) In this Election '92 Special Report, Frontline presents political biographies of the two leading candidates for the presidency-Republican George Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton. Correspondent Richard Ben Cramer examines the public careers and private lives of these men, searching for clues to their character and the patterns of behavior that could predict how they might handle the problems confronting the US in the post-Cold War era.
Mar. 3, 1992

Who Is David Duke?

(60 minutes) Correspondent Hodding Carter investigates the life and political career of presidential candidate David Duke-exploring Duke's troubled childhood, his intellectual journey into the extremist idealogy of the Nazis and the Ku Klux Klan, and the effort to reshape his image so he could run as a national fugure in the Republican party.
Feb. 11, 1992

The Last Communist

(60 minutes) The Cuban Revolution has turned into a struggle to feed its people. To understand what has happened to Cuba, Frontline tells the story of Cuba's controversial and charismatic leader, Fidel Castro-from the early days when his small guerilla band launched a revolution from the Sierra Maestra Mountains to the present day as Cuba's isolated, but defiant, leader.
Oct. 15, 1991

In the Shadow of Sakharov

(90 minutes) Frontline recounts the saga of Andrei Sakharov, the nuclear physicist turned human-rights advocate who became the father of the Soviet democracy movement. With unique access to Sakharov's family and friends, the film documents Sakharov's life across seven decades of Communist rule in the USSR and traces his struggle to teach his country and the world important lessons about the moral power of the human spirit.
May. 14, 1991

The Spy Hunter

(60 minutes) Correspondent Tom Mangold profiles the mysterious, tortured life of James Angleton, ex-chief of counter-intelligence for the CIA who was obsessed by the belief that the agency was harboring a mole. His pursuit ruined lives and careers and seriously skewed US intelligence.
Feb. 26, 1991

The Mind of Hussein

(60 minutes) Frontline investigates the personal and political history of Iraq's Saddam Hussein. Through interviews with Hussein's former neighbors, members of his government, military leaders, journalists, and Middle East experts, correspondent Hodding Carter reveals the fears, the passions, and the intellect of the man behind the demonic image.
Feb. 12, 1991

The Man Who Made the Supergun

(60 minutes) Frontline examines the career of one of the world's most brilliant designers of weaponry, Gerald Bull, who designed long-range artillery used by Iraq during the Gulf War. Bull was murdered at his home in Brussels, Belgium, in March 1990-a murder believed to have been orchestrated by the Israeli secret intelligence agency, Mossad.
Feb. 27, 1990

The Faces of Arafat

(60 minutes) In the wake of PLO chairman Yasir Arafat's historic declaration that he has rejected terrorism and now recognizes Israel's right to exist, correspondent Marie Colvin profiles the Palestinian leader, follows his peace initiatives, and examines his commitment to fulfill his new promises.
Apr. 18, 1989

The Shakespeare Mystery

(60 minutes) Ralph Waldo Emerson, Mark Twain, Henry James, Sigmund Freud, and Charlie Chaplin all doubted that William Shakespeare of Stratford-on-Avon was the true author of the dramatic masterpieces that bear his name. Correspondent Al Austin investigates the latest controversial theory that Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, a poet and intimate of Queen Elizabeth 1, was the real Shakespeare. (Web site »)
Jan. 18, 1989

The Real Life of Ronald Reagan

(90 minutes) Frontline correspondent Garry Wills profiles the career of Ronald Reagan, his legacy, and public life through the eyes of friends, top aides, biographers, and critics. The role of myth, media, and politics in Reagan's popularity and policy decisions is portrayed in the light of our national romance with the 'Great Communicator.'
Oct. 24, 1988

The Choice

(100 minutes) Frontline and Time magazine step back from the heat of the 1988 presidential campaign to examine, in-depth, the background, character, qualifications, and beliefs of the Republican and Democratic candidates, George Bush and Michael Dukakis. Correspondent Garry Wills assesses their lives and career through the people who know them best.
Feb. 9, 1988

The Man Who Shot John Lennon

(60 minutes) Frontline goes inside the mind of Mark David Chapman, the man who shot and killed John Lennon in 1980. Newly acquired records paint the chilling portrait of a celebrity stalker who meticulously planned the murder, believing it would make him famous.
Jun. 9, 1987

Death of a Porn Queen

(60 minutes) She was from Minnesota. Young, pretty, and fresh. She went to Hollywood in search of a dream and found herself in X-rated movies, on drugs, and estranged from her family and friends. Correspondent Al Austin retraces her story, discovering why after two years as a porn queen, she took her own life.
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