NCAA Lawsuit Asks, Should Student-Athletes Be Paid?
Follow @jbrezlowJune 20, 2013, 1:03 pm ET
It’s hard to understate the potential impact of the lawsuit against the NCAA that is currently moving its way through federal court in California. Some experts have called the case a “game-changer.” Others have gone further, predicting the suit could “result in the extinction of the powerful NCAA.”
At issue is whether student-athletes — who help to generate millions of dollars for their colleges and universities, as well as for the NCAA — should be paid for their performances. The case faces a pivotal test today, when Judge Claudia Wilken hears oral arguments over whether to allow the suit to proceed as a class action.
Plaintiffs in the case, O’Bannon v. NCAA, argue that they are entitled to a portion of the revenue the NCAA earns by licensing the “likeness” of players in broadcast rights and video games.
The NCAA, meanwhile, has defended its practice of profiting from players, arguing that revenues from hugely popular events, such as men’s basketball, are returned to the system to help fund less visible sports. As Mark Emmert, the president of the NCAA, told FRONTLINE in Money and March Madness:
“The NCAA runs 88 national championships, but it’s men’s basketball that allows the golf championship to go on or the volleyball championship to go on because those, of course, don’t generate the same kind of revenue.”
The NCAA case was brought in 2009 by former UCLA basketball star Ed O’Bannon, who first learned that the NCAA had licensed his likeness for a video game while visiting a friend. As he told FRONTLINE in the below clip from Money & March Madness:
“I want the way the NCAA does business — I want that to change,” O’Bannon said.
Nearly two dozen former college football and men’s basketball players have joined his case against the NCAA, the video game manufacturer Electronic Arts and the trademark licensing and marketing firm, Collegiate Licensing Co. If Judge Wilken rules to allow the case to proceed as a class-action suit, the plaintiffs would be able to add thousands of current and former athletes to the case.
Any number of outcomes could follow a class-action certification, each with the ability to reshape the foundation of college athletics. If the NCAA goes to trial and loses, it faces the prospect of millions of dollars in damages. If it were to lose on appeal, damages could be tripled. Schools would be forced to negotiate payments with players, meaning less money to spend on coaches, facilities, and in all likelihood, less popular sports.
Alternately, the NCAA could win at trial, and thus maintain the status quo. If both sides settle, the possibilities could be endless. According to a Sports Illustrated analysis of the case, “the most logical” outcome would be:
A final ruling is at least several weeks away.
SUPPORT PROVIDED BY
NEXT ON FRONTLINEThe Rise of ISISEncore PresentationMarch 17th
FRONTLINE Watch FRONTLINE About FRONTLINE Contact FRONTLINE
FRONTLINE is a registered trademark of WGBH Educational Foundation.
Web Site Copyright ©1995-2015 WGBH Educational Foundation
PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.