Italian Violin; Caressa & Francais Bow (French)
Appraised Value: $12,000 - $16,000
IMAGE: 1 of 2
Appraisal Video: (4:27)
Director, Fine Musical Instruments
GUEST: This violin belonged to my great-aunt Marie, who's pictured over here. She was a violinist in the Cincinnati area in Ohio. She moved out here and brought this one with her along with several others. And it's just basically been sitting in storage for 40 years. I don't know anything about violins. So it's just been sitting there. And this violin was bought for her by her father.
APPRAISER: So here we have a bill of sale from The Rudolph Wurlitzer Company in Cincinnati, September 27, 1921. Rudolph Wurlitzer attests that this violin is a Camillus Camilli from 1737. Made in Mantua, Italy, for the tremendous sum of $1,000 back in 1921. And this picture of her is really interesting because she's wearing full tails, which was orchestral attire at the time. So she was definitely a professional musician. We want to take a close look at some of the details of the violin. I'm not going to say it's in tough shape, because all of these things can be cleaned up. But the strings are broken. Because the strings are made out of gut I can tell it really hasn't been played for at least 30 or 40 years. The workmanship on it is very, very fine. And we see a lot of details that speak of the Mantua school of making. Now, Mantua was only about a half a day's stagecoach ride from the great city of Cremona, where Stradivarius worked. So the makers of Mantua were very influenced by Stradivarius and almost equal his level of work in the later 18th century. You have a very fine spruce top that's carved to a very flat and full arch, and that's very much the powerful Mantua style. Creates a beautiful sound, it projects very, very far. So we turn the violin. We look at the detail on the back and sides. The first thing that struck me was the type of wood used in the back. These curls in it denote the species that is known as opio in Northern Italy, and it grows only in Northern Italy. Very fine edge work. Done very, very closely in the Italian style. It's a little bit rugged. We see some texture on the surface from the tool marks. It's a very high quality violin, but... it's not Camilli. It is a very fine forgery. And it's unusual to see violins like this that are built as deliberate forgeries. They try to attend to every detail in it right down to the label, which reads, "Camillus Camilli, fecit Mantua, 1737." And it's written in Latin. And we can also see that it has a certain registration number that corresponds to the Wurlitzer Company's certificate, and it's certified as number 3210 in their catalog. But this violin being a very fine fake, still has some value, and that value at an auction sale is between $6,000 to $8,000. Want to look a little further at the bow. The bow's in really rough shape, but as we take it out, we see that it's made of very fine Pernambuco wood. It's a French bow and we know this for a couple of reasons. That stamp under a magnifying glass is just barely discernible, but it says, "Caressa & Francais, Paris." And Caressa & Francais was a very fine shop in Paris which employed a lot of French bow makers who were the best of their time. Even though it was an anonymous maker at the time, we know by two things who the maker of this bow was. First, by this ferrule has a very rounded front. And the other detail is that the very front has a very definite style that only one maker employed. And that maker was Claude Thomassin. And he was one of the top makers of the 20th century. And the value of the bow is about the same as the value of the violin. And that is about $6,000 to $8,000.
GUEST: Wow. They've just been sitting in a closet.
APPRAISER: If it were a real Camillus Camilli, it would be worth about $250,000 to $300,000.
GUEST: Oh, wow. Geez. Great. Thank you so much.
APPRAISER: Thanks very much.
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