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    Early 20th-Century Songe Mask

    Appraised Value:

    $4,000 - $12,000

    Appraised on: July 14, 2007

    Appraised in: San Antonio, Texas

    Appraised by: John Buxton

    Category: Tribal Arts

    Episode Info: San Antonio, Hour 2 (#1208)

    Originally Aired: February 25, 2008

    slideshow IMAGE: 1 of 1  

    More Like This:

    Form: Mask
    Material: Wood
    Period / Style: 20th Century
    Value Range: $4,000 - $12,000

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    Appraisal Video: (3:15)


    Appraised By:

    John Buxton
    Tribal Arts
    Antiques Appraiser and Consultant

    Appraisal Transcript:
    GUEST: I got this from a friend of mine about ten years ago. He's retired out of the insurance business, and got his second job as a de-acquisitioner for a museum. I bought it about ten years ago from him. The story is that it should be around 1890s, maybe a little earlier, maybe a little later.

    APPRAISER: Well, let me tell you what it's supposed to be. This is supposed to be a Songe mask. Now, normally what we hear is "Kifwebe mask," but actually the word "Kifwebe" means "mask," so what people are saying is it's a mask mask. So we'll just call it a Songe mask. This is a female mask, and we know it's a female because of the absence of a high ridge. The high ridges are male masks. The male masks are used in ceremonies to create social order. The female masks are for ceremonies that are related to reproduction. Now, when we look at a Songe mask, 99% of the time if I look at it and I say, "Fake," I'm right. Because that's how many reproductions there are. Let's look at it carefully. First of all, I want you to notice the beautiful incising on it. It's elegantly done, it's really great. Now, I'm going to move it here. The first thing I want to show is the beautiful profile on this. And in the back you can see these holes, and if you look at them very, very carefully, you'll see that the holes are pulled out. And that's where the raffia would have been and the suspension pieces to hold the mask on. That's exactly what you want to see. You also want to see in here the wear patterns, because when you put a head inside a mask, cheeks and foreheads and noses and chins all make a mark. If it's totally consistent inside, that's not what you want to see. As you can see on both sides, there is wear from the cheek, on this side there's wear from the cheek. And then in here from the forehead and the nose. That's highly desirable. Now, another thing that's a concern when you're talking about value is condition. You have some small breaks. Now, in the case of this mask, this is very minor and I don't think that it matters at all. So you actually have a real Songe mask. It is from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which used to be Zaire. It's from the central part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. I think that your dating... I want to be a little more conservative. I want to say that it's early 20th century. But the thing is absolutely right. It's been danced ceremonially. In a gallery, I think the value is $4,000 to $6,000. Now, this is such a subjective market, it would not surprise me a bit to see in an auction situation or in a gallery, say, in New York, to see the price be $10,000 to $12,000. I think it's a terrific mask. I'm stunned that I actually have a real Songe mask in the Roadshow, and I couldn't be happier that you brought it in.

    GUEST: Thank you.

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