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    Three Salt-Glazed Stoneware Jugs, ca. 1875

    Appraised Value:


    Appraised on: July 14, 2007

    Appraised in: San Antonio, Texas

    Appraised by: Leigh Keno

    Category: Pottery & Porcelain

    Episode Info: San Antonio, Hour 2 (#1208)

    Originally Aired: February 25, 2008

    slideshow IMAGE: 1 of 5 Next 

    More Like This:

    Form: Jug
    Material: Stoneware
    Period / Style: 19th Century
    Value Range: $5,000

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    Appraisal Video: (3:09)


    Appraised By:

    Leigh Keno
    Folk Art, Furniture

    Appraisal Transcript:
    GUEST: I love stoneware.

    APPRAISER: You know, my twin brother and I collected it when we were 12 years old. So anytime I see salt-glazed stoneware I get excited. But these have a special history. What's the family part of it?

    GUEST: Years ago, Albert Gallatin, which was the Secretary of the Treasury...


    GUEST: the time, met these Germans...

    APPRAISER: Was it in the early 19th century?

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: Yes, okay.

    GUEST: And my great-great-grandfather was Adolph Everhart,


    GUEST: and he was one of the Germans there.

    APPRAISER: They founded the New Geneva Crock Factory, and the reason it was called New Geneva was because Albert Gallatin was from Geneva, Switzerland.

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: He named the town. He subsidized them and they named the pottery...

    GUEST:...New Geneva.

    APPRAISER: New Geneva. In this area-- Western Pennsylvania, they hadn't really found any clay.

    GUEST: Yes. Most of the great white clay was found up in the north coast, South Amboy, New Jersey.

    APPRAISER: So they hadn't found a clay source. And then in the early 19th century all of a sudden, down in the river Near New Geneva, they found this incredible clay source.

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: So this became a real center for stoneware production.

    GUEST: Yes, it did.

    APPRAISER: And there were many potters that worked, right?

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: There was the glass factory, right?

    GUEST: The glass factory...

    APPRAISER: Didn't they also start using some of the glass factories to make pottery as well?

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: Now, on the front you see the "12." It's a salt-glazed stoneware jar, 12 gallon. They made them, believe it or not, in New Geneva, as big as 30 and 40 gallons. Can you imagine that? This is the largest one I've ever seen. And these were turned on a wheel. Can you imagine turning something like this on a wheel?

    GUEST: Yes.

    APPRAISER: And decorated in blue. First of all, they put the stoneware in the kiln. They shoveled salt in there when it hit about 2,200 degrees. And that salt vitrified and it coated the piece. You see this orange peel effect? That's the salt glaze that's covering the piece. And that made this piece impermeable to all sorts of things-- acids, turpentine... this stuff was strong stuff. But before they fired it in the kiln, they often decorated it. And in the 1870s they started using stencils to wrap it around, apply the cobalt blue. It's something that has a great appeal.

    GUEST: Okay?

    APPRAISER: Yes. It's really neat that you have these two other pieces. This little piece, which was made probably across the river, probably in the 1870s or '80s. This was a really popular... in Greensboro and in New Geneva-- a really popular little brushed-on, hand-done effect. This little jar... Hamilton & Jones, Greensboro, Pennsylvania. Very close by, across the river. They're using the same clay source. The wonderful thing here is that you brought in this image of the pottery. You have Hamilton Robbins Pottery, right in New Geneva. So here they are working. And they could make upwards of like 200, 300 pots a day. It's ironic that there was glass made there and there was pottery made in the same area. Because you know what put the potters out of business?

    GUEST: The glass.

    APPRAISER: You got it. You have these three pieces, you have a wonderful history-- they haven't left your family. Valuewise, for insurance purposes, these would be valued at upwards of $5,000 as a wonderful group that has stayed in your family, okay?

    GUEST: Oh, dear. It's nice to know that.

    APPRAISER: Now, if this stencil had an eagle here, this would probably be about $8,000 or $9,000.

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