19th-Century Plains Pictorgraph Drawings

Value (2005) | $16,000 Auction$24,000 Auction

These were done, uh, for my great-aunt, who was a missionary down on the Standing Rock Reservation, which is just south of here. She was a missionary there in 1885 to about 1920. She was in charge of passing out commodities periodically, and before she would pass them out, she'd tear out a ledger sheet and then, uh, have the... Natives draw her a picture. And from there, they were given to my grandmother and then my grandmother gave them to my father, and then when he died back in '65, my brother and sister said I should have them because I was interested in the Indian culture and history, so I've had them since 1965, not knowing that I even had them until we were going through some of the old boxes and they were just laying loose in the boxes, so finally we dug them out and I had them framed then.

Well, they're nicely framed and they're quite beautiful drawings. They're Plains pictograph drawings. This represents a sun dance. It's nice because it's dated, 1895, and it has the name "Drawn at Little Eagle, South Dakota." It represents the brush arbor for the sun dance, the central sun dance pole, and it's beautiful because the warriors have all their society gear on. They have society lances, bandoliers... There's one warrior who seems to be pierced at the breast and actually performing the sun dance. There's a couple back here that look like they're about ready to go on. The detail is just magnificent. The headdresses are beautiful. All of the clothing, it all tells the story. I think your ledger book drawings are a little bit earlier. They have a feel, pictorially, for, I'd say, 1870s to 1880s. This one is a magnificent drawing. Warriors used to prove their prowess by charging out in front of the cavalry. They'd "run the line," they'd say, and a lot of times they'd get back, sometimes they wouldn't get back. This guy obviously lived to tell the tale because he probably drew this drawing. But he got shot twice, and his horse got shot about eight times. And his name was probably associated with the elk. I notice his name glyph up here is an elk. And all he's carrying into battle, he's got his pistol holstered and he's carrying a coo stick. So he charged a whole line of guns with his coo stick, so he's a very brave warrior. This is a wonderful drawing, too. I suspect he's a cavalry man, but he could also be a Plains Indian scout. He's carrying a flag, but he has shot his horse, and he's counted coo with a quirt, which was very common. And he's got a very unusual name glyph. It's two horse tracks with bullets flying. So it's hard to interpret that, but it might be "Horse Shot" or something. They had different interpretations of their name glyphs. They're absolutely beautiful pictographs. Have you ever had them appraised?

I never have. I saw in a magazine one time where they had a similar thing, and this was about ten years ago, and I think they said at that time they were $3,000.

Well, I understand you have more at home, too. I think you've got quite a treasure trove here, but I think your sun dance piece would easily sell at auction for about $8,000 to $12,000. And I think both your ledger pieces would probably bring about $4,000 to $6,000 each. So if you've got 16 more...


You've got quite a treasure trove, but at auction, you're talking probably about $16,000 to $24,000 on these three drawings.

That's amazing. That's... Boy. Mmm.

They're everything you want in a Plains pictograph.

Appraisal Details

Skinner, Inc.
Marlborough, MA
Skinner, Inc.
Appraised value (2005)
$16,000 Auction$24,000 Auction
Bismarck, ND (July 30, 2005)
19th Century

Executive producer Marsha Bemko shares her tips for getting the most out of ANTIQUES ROADSHOW.

Value can change: The value of an item is dependent upon many things, including the condition of the object itself, trends in the market for that kind of object, and the location where the item will be sold. These are just some of the reasons why the answer to the question "What's it worth?" is so often "It depends."

Note the date: Take note of the date the appraisal was recorded. This information appears in the upper left corner of the page, with the label "Appraised On." Values change over time according to market forces, so the current value of the item could be higher, lower, or the same as when our expert first appraised it.

Context is key: Listen carefully. Most of our experts will give appraisal values in context. For example, you'll often hear them say what an item is worth "at auction," or "retail," or "for insurance purposes" (replacement value). Retail prices are different from wholesale prices. Often an auctioneer will talk about what she knows best: the auction market. A shop owner will usually talk about what he knows best: the retail price he'd place on the object in his shop. And though there are no hard and fast rules, an object's auction price can often be half its retail value; yet for other objects, an auction price could be higher than retail. As a rule, however, retail and insurance/replacement values are about the same.

Verbal approximations: The values given by the experts on ANTIQUES ROADSHOW are considered "verbal approximations of value." Technically, an "appraisal" is a legal document, generally for insurance purposes, written by a qualified expert and paid for by the owner of the item. An appraisal usually involves an extensive amount of research to establish authenticity, provenance, composition, method of construction, and other important attributes of a particular object.

Opinion of value: As with all appraisals, the verbal approximations of value given at ROADSHOW events are our experts' opinions formed from their knowledge of antiques and collectibles, market trends, and other factors. Although our valuations are based on research and experience, opinions can, and sometimes do, vary among experts.

Appraiser affiliations: Finally, the affiliation of the appraiser may have changed since the appraisal was recorded. To see current contact information for an appraiser in the ROADSHOW Archive, click on the link below the appraiser's picture. Our Appraiser Index also contains a complete list of active ROADSHOW appraisers and their contact details and biographies.