Early 20th-Century Inupiaq Cribbage Board

Value (2007) | $2,500 Insurance$3,500 Insurance

GUEST:
This belonged to my grandfather, and he went to Nome, Alaska, in the early 1900s and built the first hotel up there. And my grandmother followed later with two children. And I'm not sure how he acquired this, but I know that he did acquire it from an Eskimo. I'm not sure as to the dates, but I know that my father went to the first grade in Nome, and they had no schoolhouse, so the saloon was the schoolhouse by day and the saloon at night.

APPRAISER:
Nome is right on the coast in the central part of Alaska. It's on the Bering Sea. And the Indians in the area, which we call Eskimos, are called Inupiaq. Now, gold was discovered in about 1899 in the Nome area. So there was a tremendous gold rush. Now you'll be delighted to know I found your grandfather on the Internet.

GUEST:
No kidding?

APPRAISER:
And he was actually listed as a cigar dealer.

GUEST:
Oh.

APPRAISER:
So, he was quite an entrepreneur. Now, the Eskimos in the area were equally as entrepreneurial as your grandfather. They had this horde of people coming in to Alaska and they said, “We can sell them things.”

GUEST:
Yeah.

APPRAISER:
And this was one of the things that they could sell. Now, this cribbage board is made of a walrus tusk, and as you see from the size, it's a fairly mature animal. This scrimshaw style of carving probably was brought to Alaska by the whalers--

GUEST:
Mm-hmm.

APPRAISER:
--in the beginning of the 1800s. Whaling in the Bering Sea goes back thousands of years, but the non-American whalers were in there in the early 1800s. They probably taught the Eskimos how to do the scrimshaw. So you have these terrific artists at the beginning of the 19th century that were creating these objects for the "tourists" that were in the area, which is your grandfather. And there's actually quite a bit that we know about these artists. In the early part of the 19th century, they created these objects, such as this cribbage board, and normally what you'll see, you'll see these Indian scenes on here with the seals. You have this kind of mermaid here and this very unusual sort of flounder-like fish. So what we have is, we have an artist that's probably a little bit different. What totally fascinated me about this piece-- and I'm going to flip it over so that you can see-- is, on the reverse, we have a map. Now, what did you think about this map on the back?

GUEST:
Well, I thought it was the coast of Alaska.

APPRAISER:
Okay. It is the coast of Alaska. What about these spellings?

GUEST:
Well, whoever did it wasn't very literate, and...

APPRAISER:
Okay.

GUEST:
...got their letters all backwards.

APPRAISER:
Well, actually, this is a mirror image, and I think he did it absolutely on purpose. Either this had legs on it, and it was reflecting the mirror image of the map, or he was making a joke.

GUEST:
Yeah.

APPRAISER:
I think it's very unusual. I've never seen that before. I think it's a fascinating object. I'm delighted that you brought it in. And a very, very good insurance value on this...

GUEST:
Mm-hmm.

APPRAISER:
...would be $2,500 to $3,500. And I'm just delighted you brought it in.

GUEST:
Why, thank you. I've just, uh... Well, I'm interested to know that my grandfather was a cigar dealer. (laughs) Isn't that amazing?

Appraisal Details

Appraiser
Dallas, TX
Appraised value (2007)
$2,500 Insurance$3,500 Insurance
Event
Louisville, KY (July 28, 2007)
Period
20th Century
Form
Carving
Material
Bone
October 20, 2014: A viewer's recent email regarding this Inupiaq cribbage board prompted us to review the use of the term "Eskimo" in this and past appraisals.

It is ANTIQUES ROADSHOW's intention to use culturally respectful terms when discussing the history of items being appraised on the show. We acknowledge that terms that describe a person or group’s identity regarding race, ethnicity, religion, etc., can change over time or have different meaning to different people. "Eskimo" is a word that has different connotations depending on where you live in the Northern Hemisphere.

In Canada and Greenland, "Eskimo" has negative connotations and is no longer an accepted term. "Inuit" is preferred, but that term is not commonly used in the United States. In the U.S., "Eskimo" is not considered to be derogatory and is in common usage. "Eskimo" is used when speaking of two main indigenous cultural groups collectively: "Yupik" (a culture group from Western Alaska) and "Inupiat" (a culture group from Northern Alaska and St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea). When one of these groups is being referenced, "Yupik" or "Inupiat" is favored over "Eskimo" by Alaskan Natives.

The term "Alaskan Natives" includes all indigenous peoples of Alaska: Eskimo, Unangan (Aleut), and American Indian, and is also considered broadly acceptable.

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