Standardization Manuscript for “The Star Spangled Banner”
In 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked for a standardized version of The Star-Spangled Banner, since there were so many different ones. And the Department of Education appointed five men to standardize it. Mr. Damrosch, Mr. Earhart, Gantvoort, Sonneck and Sousa.
John Philip Sousa.
John Philip Sousa. And their initials are down the side of the manuscript. They took the song and broke it up measure by measure, and they each wrote what they felt that particular measure should be. They went back and voted as to which they felt should be the final version. And so they wrote the final version, then, down here, and then they put in the words to go along with the melody.
And that is the verse that we... remains.
That is the verse. And the way I got it was that my father was taking music theory classes, one on one, with Dr. Gantvoort, and Dr. Gantvoort gave this copy to my father as a gift... when he left.
Very interesting. We all know our national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner, and it did have a long history from when it was written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key as a poem. And it was then interpreted with music over more than a decade before it kind of reached the final form that we know it in today. Each of them had gotten a manuscript or not. We may never know. But we certainly know that this is one, and it's absolutely right from the period, and you know who it came from. So based on that, we feel that we can put an auction estimate in the $10,000 to $15,000 range.
Executive producer Marsha Bemko shares her tips for getting the most out of ANTIQUES ROADSHOW.
Value can change: The value of an item is dependent upon many things, including the condition of the object itself, trends in the market for that kind of object, and the location where the item will be sold. These are just some of the reasons why the answer to the question "What's it worth?" is so often "It depends."
Note the date: Take note of the date the appraisal was recorded. This information appears in the upper left corner of the page, with the label "Appraised On." Values change over time according to market forces, so the current value of the item could be higher, lower, or the same as when our expert first appraised it.
Context is key: Listen carefully. Most of our experts will give appraisal values in context. For example, you'll often hear them say what an item is worth "at auction," or "retail," or "for insurance purposes" (replacement value). Retail prices are different from wholesale prices. Often an auctioneer will talk about what she knows best: the auction market. A shop owner will usually talk about what he knows best: the retail price he'd place on the object in his shop. And though there are no hard and fast rules, an object's auction price can often be half its retail value; yet for other objects, an auction price could be higher than retail. As a rule, however, retail and insurance/replacement values are about the same.
Verbal approximations: The values given by the experts on ANTIQUES ROADSHOW are considered "verbal approximations of value." Technically, an "appraisal" is a legal document, generally for insurance purposes, written by a qualified expert and paid for by the owner of the item. An appraisal usually involves an extensive amount of research to establish authenticity, provenance, composition, method of construction, and other important attributes of a particular object.
Opinion of value: As with all appraisals, the verbal approximations of value given at ROADSHOW events are our experts' opinions formed from their knowledge of antiques and collectibles, market trends, and other factors. Although our valuations are based on research and experience, opinions can, and sometimes do, vary among experts.
Appraiser affiliations: Finally, the affiliation of the appraiser may have changed since the appraisal was recorded. To see current contact information for an appraiser in the ROADSHOW Archive, click on the link below the appraiser's picture. Our Appraiser Index also contains a complete list of active ROADSHOW appraisers and their contact details and biographies.