"Exploring Different Cultural Attitudes Toward Death"
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The purpose of this lesson is to develop students' understanding of
their personal concepts of the afterlife, as well as those of different
cultures. This will be done through researching different cultures'
funeral customs, reading a poem, and exploring afterlife myths from
a variety of cultures.
- Internet Access. (You may want to use the computer lab for this
assignment. Another option is to have students who have Internet access
at home do their work at home. If you have a projection facility,
you can do the research as a class.)
- Writing Utensils
- Chart Paper
- Research their own as well as other various cultures' funeral customs.
- Read afterlife myths from different cultures.
- Create a class presentation based on the information they learned
from the afterlife myths.
1. Read the following quote to the class:
"There is no death, only a change of worlds."
-Chief Seattle, Leader of six Indian tribes in the Pacific
in an 1854 speech to Gov. Isaac Stevens, found in The American Reader,
ed. by D. Ravitch (NF)
2. Brainstorm possible meanings.
3. Ask the class if they agree or disagree with Chief Seattle.
4. Different people have different views on the afterlife. Ask students
to reflect in writing for a brief period on their own views of the afterlife.
5. Divide the class into pairs or small groups and ask the students to
share their thoughts.
6. Discuss the following questions:
- Why do people have different views on the afterlife?
- What roles do religion, culture and spirituality play in people's
understandings of the afterlife?
7. Ask students to discuss the afterlife with their parents and family
Duration: 2 hours (This time may vary depending on how much of the
work is completed outside of the classroom.)
In this activity students will research a variety of different funeral
1. Divide the class into small research groups of 4 or 5 students.
2. Assign each group to one of the following websites:
Khants Funeral Customs
Tibetan Sky Burial
3. Ask students to find and record ten pieces of information from
the site that they choose to research.
4. Have the students prepare a brief presentation to share what they
have learned with the class.
5. Create a class chart to compare and contrast the various beliefs
of the cultures that were researched.
6. Discuss how each of these customs inform our understandings of the
beliefs, values, and attitudes of different cultures toward death.
7. Generate a list of funeral customs that exist in our society.
8. What does this list tell us about some of our beliefs, values, and
attitudes toward death?
Duration: 2 hours 30 minutes (This time may vary depending on how much
of the work is completed outside of the classroom.)
The purpose of this activity is to encourage students to think about
the various ways different cultures view the afterlife.
1. Share the following poem from the Indigenous People's Literature
Spirit of Yesterday
I've walked the lands of the ancient ones
Long since gone Generations
I can still feel their laughter .........their pain
I can still hear their songs.....
Hear their drums beating against a darken sky.....
I can see them dancing...
I can still see horses painted up for war
Still see Mothers and Wives with Tears in their eyes
But Pride in their hearts...
I can hear their Chants........their prayers
Still the memories and pride run deep in my own heart and soul as
the People....Medicine and holy men.....and the Chiefs....
This is My heritage.......the American Indians
Spirit of Yesterday........Is the Spirit of Tomorrow .......
2. Divide the class into small research groups of 4 or 5 students.
3. Have each group select and read one of the afterlife myths found
on the following site:
4. Ask the students to answer the following questions:
- What does this myth indicate about the culture of its people?
- What does your group appear to value?
- How do they describe the afterlife?
- What role does nature play in your myth?
- What role do you think myths play your culture, and how might it
be different from the culture you read about?
5. Each group should present its myth to the class in some artistic format.
This might be a brief skit, a poster, a poem, a reflective essay, or a
musical response. Encourage students to focus on the ways the myth illustrates
some aspect of a cultural belief or philosophy about death and dying.
For Elementary K-5 Lesson, click
For Ideas for Parents, click here.
For Recommended Books, Movies, and
Websites, click here.
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Development of the teacher and parent guides was done in partnership
with Maureen Carroll and Laurel Blaine, co-founders of Bay Breeze Educational
Resources, LLC. Bay Breeze provides engaging K-12 technology-based curriculum
that fosters the development of critical thinking skills through the
use of the Internet, popular culture, and media.