Materials: Card board, boxes, wood pieced, art supplies,
pens, pencils, crayons, markers, colored paper, construction paper,
hammer, nails, glue, fabric, sewing kits and a computer.
Computer Resources: You will need at least one computer with
Internet access to complete this lesson. While many configurations
will work, we recommend:
- Modem: 28.8 Kbps or faster.
- Browser: Netscape Navigator 3.0 or above or Internet Explorer
3.0 or above.
- Macintosh computer: System 7.0 or above and at least 16 MBs of
- IBM-compatible computer: 386 or higher processor with at least
16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 3.1. Or, a 486/66 or Pentium with
at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 95 or higher.
For more information, visit What You Need to Get Connected in wNetSchool's
- Any Word Processing Program (i.e., MS Word, Corel WordPerfect,
- Any SpreadSheet Program (i.e. MS Excel, Apple Works, etc.)
- MS PowerPoint or HyperStudio can be used by students to add a
multimedia presentation to their final project. For more information
on how to use these programs, see wNetSchool's HyperStudio or PowerPoint
Bookmarks: There are more sites available focusing on 20th
century technologies. A simple search on the Internet will yield
many results. The sites below represent good sources from which
a student can begin his or her research. The following sites can
be bookmarked, downloaded as a page, or put into a web page for
future student research.
Turn-of-the-Century Child at Home
A Victorian Scrapbook
The Transformation of American Society
A Middle Class Household
The Library of Congress
The Rise of the Small Towns
Era of Settlers and Emerging Towns 1850-1900
Urban Population Data
populations of towns
Ghost Towns & Back Woods Trails of Chaffee County, Colorado
American Railroad Maps, 1828-1900
Natural Environment In The Eastern Kentucky Cultural Landscape
A Comparative Chronology of Money from Ancient Times to the Present
A & C Archive: Companies: Sears Roebuck
20th century Industry
The 20th Century - CNN
The 20th Century - Time
The People's Century
20th Century America
20th Century Issues
Time allotment: 6 weeks
Assignment: Reconstruct the town in which you live in, as
it existed in 1900. Build a model or an computer simulation of the
town center, civic center, businesses, buildings, industry, farms,
communications, transportation, stores, houses, recreational areas,
meeting places, markets and maps.
- Brainstorm the make up of the town in the 1900šs: including:
the people of the town, jobs that make up a community, buildings,
design and industry that
- Have class discussions about how the town was different in
1900 versus today.
- Break students up into groups. Hand out a research Web guide.
Assign a different segment of the community to each group. Have
students research a specific portion of the town. Students can
use the Town Questionnaire to help them formulate their portion
of the town.
- Have student design their portion of the community using
art and construction tools.
- Have a town opening. Have each student take on the role of
a different member of the community, including: bakers, bankers,
farmers, politicians, servants, children, parents, etc.
Teachers using computers: Teachers need to access at least
one computer either in their classroom or in a lab.
Computer in the Classroom: If you have access to one computer
in your classroom, you can organize your class in several ways.
Divide your class into two groups. Instruct one of the groups to
do paper research while the second group is working on the computer.
Bring in books, encyclopedias, and other materials from the library
for the group doing paper research. Lead the group working at the
computer through an Internet search or allow the students in the
class to take turns. (Always have a set of bookmarks ready for the
students before they start working on the computer, in order to
show them examples of what to look for.) When the groups have finished
working have them switch places.
If you have big monitor or projection facilities: you can
do Internet research together as a class. Make sure that every student
in your class can see the screen, go to the relevant Web site(s),
and review the information presented there. You can also select
a search engine page and allow your students to suggest the search
criteria. Again, bookmark and/or print the pages that you think
are helpful for reference later.
Several Computers in the Classroom: Divide your class into
small groups. Groups can do Internet research using pages you have
bookmarked. Group members should take turns navigating the bookmarked
sites. You can also set the class up so that each computer is dedicated
to certain sites. Students will then move around the classroom,
getting different information from each station.
Using a Computer Lab: A computer center or lab space, with
a computer-to-student ratio of one to three, is ideal for doing
Web-based projects. Generally, when doing Web-based research, it
is helpful to put students in groups of three. This way, students
can help each other if problems or questions arise. It is often
beneficial to bookmark sites for students ahead of time.
Submit a Comment: We invite your comments and suggestions
based on how you used the lesson in your classroom.
Note: Activities and challenges can be adjusted for all grades,
Kindergarten through 12th. Activities and challenges can also be
presented as a research paper, web site, hypermedia stack or oral
- Interview with an elderly person who has lived in your area
most of their lives. Ask the following questions and create
a book, report, poster board, presentation, video or multimedia
program diagramming their life in your town:
- What changes have you witnessed over the years?
- What changes have been for the good of the community? Why?
- What changes have been bad, in your opinion? Why?
- What are some of the yearly events that you look forward to
- Are there annual events that used to take place in your town
that no longer happen? Why not?
- What are your fondest childhood memories of your town?
- What are the benefits of spending most or all of your life
in the same town? What are the downsides?
- If you had your whole life to live over, would you live in
- Hold a town meeting, event or party with each of the original
founders of the town. Students can take on the personality of
each character and dress up in original clothing. Food from
the 1900's can be served, music from the turn of the century
played, and a script written and acted out. Invite family members
and friends to enjoy the students work on display.
- Using a line or bar graph, illustrate the population of your
town every ten years beginning from 1900. If there were major
population increases or decreases during the last 100 years,
find out what changed in your town to make a significant difference
- Design a chart showing pictures and biographical information
about the mayors of your town since 1900.
- Draw a large map of the town in 1900 and then in 2000. Compare
the two as a group discussion.