PROCEDURES FOR TEACHERS
Materials: A blank or plain journal to be distributed to
each child or have students print out the table included in the
Organizers for Students. Pens, pencils, crayons, markers, cardboard,
colored paper, construction paper, general art supplies.
Computer Resources: You will need at least one computer with
Internet access to complete this lesson. While many configurations
will work, we recommend:
-- Modem: 28.8 Kbps or faster.
-- Browser: Netscape Navigator 3.0 or above or Internet Explorer
3.0 or above.
-- Macintosh computer: System 7.0 or above and at least 16 MBs of
-- IBM-compatible computer: 386 or higher processor with at least
16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 3.1. Or, a 486/66 or Pentium with
at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 95 or higher.
For more information, visit What You Need to Get Connected in wNetSchool's
- Any Word Processing Program (i.e., MS Word, Corel WordPerfect,
- MS PowerPoint or HyperStudio can be used by students to add a
multimedia presentation to their final project. For more information
on how to use these programs, see wNetSchool's HyperStudio or PowerPoint
Bookmarks: There is more sites available focusing on 20th
century technologies. A simple search on the Internet will yield
many results. The sites below represent good sources from which
a student can begin his or her research. The following sites can
be booked marked, downloaded as a page, or put into a web page for
future student research.
20th century Industry
The 20th Century - CNN
The 20th Century - Time
The People's Century
Web-and-Flow WebQuest - The 20th Century
20th Century America
Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century
20th Century Issues
20th Century Inventions
Notable Inventions and Discoveries of the 20th Century
A Century of Inventions 1900 to 1999 - Inventors
Top 10 Technologies of the 20th Century, part I - 20th
Lemelson Center Invention Features: Women Inventors
Time allotment: 2 to 4 weeks, including preparation
Communicating with families:
- Write a letter to parents explaining the project.
- Discuss with families that the students will need to give
up as much technology as possible. Encourage parents and families
to actively support and participate with in the exercise. Examples
of technologies to give up: television, radios, telephones,
microwaves, alarm clocks, cell phones, beepers, hot water, etc
Assignment: After a class discussion, pick a weekend day
and have your students give up technology and modern conveniences
for 24-hours. The idea is to have your feel what it was like to
live in 1900. On this special day, have students keep a paper and
pencil journal, use page 2 - journal for students as the model.
- Discuss the following: what are technological advance and
what is technology. What are modern conveniences?
- Brainstorm and list all the different types of technology
available in our daily lives. Example: street lights, microwaves,
radio, television, hair dryers, washing machines, automobiles,
- Distribute Page 1 - Technology Chart in the Student Organizer
or create your own.
- Have student research the inventions of the 20th century.
They are responsible for finding the names of the inventors
and the dates in which it took place.
- Be prepared to spend time with students exploring and discussing
the information they have gathered about 20th century inventions.
- Help students to see how technology has a logical progression
and is continually evolving.
- Help student to see the evolution of products they use every
- Brainstorm with students on how technology makes our lives
more convenient, efficient, productive, and very different from
- Have students make an entry every two hours.
- Have students begin the journal as soon as they wake up and begin
each entry with the time they are writing.
- Be sure to have your students include how they are feeling about
using modern conveniences today, how they are spending their time,
and what life must have been like for children their age who lived
- Students could also be encouraged to write why they were or weren't
able to give up the technology.
Discussion and conclusion:
- Have students bring their findings back to class.
- Be prepared to have 2 or 3 discussions, over a period of a
- Have students read excerpts from their journals
- Have students make notes after class discussions
- Turn in journals for a grade.
Teachers using computers: Teachers need to access at least
one computer either in their classroom or in a lab.
Computer in the Classroom: If you have access to one computer
in your classroom, you can organize your class in several ways.
Divide your class into two groups. Instruct one of the groups to
do paper research while the second group is working on the computer.
Bring in books, encyclopedias, and other materials from the library
for the group doing paper research. Lead the group working at the
computer through an Internet search or allow the students in the
class to take turns. (Always have a set of bookmarks ready for the
students before they start working on the computer, in order to
show them examples of what to look for.) When the groups have finished
working have them switch places.
If you have big monitor or projection facilities: you can
do Internet research together as a class. Make sure that every student
in your class can see the screen, go to the relevant Web site(s),
and review the information presented there. You can also select
a search engine page and allow your students to suggest the search
criteria. Again, bookmark and/or print the pages that you think
are helpful for reference later.
Several Computers in the Classroom: Divide your class into
small groups. Groups can do Internet research using pages you have
bookmarked. Group members should take turns navigating the bookmarked
sites. You can also set the class up so that each computer is dedicated
to certain sites. Students will then move around the classroom,
getting different information from each station.
Using a Computer Lab: A computer center or lab space, with
a computer-to-student ratio of one to three, is ideal for doing
Web-based projects. Generally, when doing Web-based research, it
is helpful to put students in groups of three. This way, students
can help each other if problems or questions arise. It is often
beneficial to bookmark sites for students ahead of time.
Submit a Comment: We invite your comments and suggestions
based on how you used the lesson in your classroom.
Note: Activities and challenges are intended for all grades,
Kindergarten through 12th. Activities and challenges can be completely
documented in students' journals and turned in at the end of the
lesson. Activities and challenges can also be presented as a research
paper, web site, hypermedia stack or oral presentation. Encourage
students to keep a journal to document every aspect of their research.
This will give them the opportunity to see how their perceptions
of technology have changed over the course of the unit.
- Write a paragraph describing one thing (technology) you couldnąt
live without today.
- Write a friendly letter to an imaginary friend who lived
in 1900 telling him/her how life has changed since then.
- Prepare students by reviewing the elements of the friendly
- Prepare a six-page illustrated booklet entitled Changes.
Divide each page into thirds and head each column with 1900,
2000, 2100. Title each page with the following topics:
- Health care
In each column draw (or download from the Internet) and label
a picture that best illustrates the topic for that century.
- Interview two people: One should be about the students' age,
and the other about their grandparentsą age. Ask them about
the technological changes that have taken place in their lifetime
and how these changes have made their lives easier and/or harder.
This activity can be presented as an oral.
- Review with students the interview processes.
- In one page, choose two technological advancements and tell
how each one is similar and/or different: Ex: the invention
of airplanes and transcontinental travel vs. the Internet.
- Brainstorm and discuss with students how technologies are
global and make changes throughout the world.
- Write an essay to share with your class that addresses the
following question: What technological changes of the 20th century
have best helped to create a global community?
- Discuss with students what is the "global village".
- If you could go back in history and reinvent one technology,
which one would it be? Prepare to explain how you would make
it different and why to your classmates.
- Make a twelve-inch tombstone out of a piece of cardboard.
At the top, write R.I.P. (Rest in Piece). List all of the things
in our world today that you would like to see disappear by the