The purpose of the background and the first two activities of
this lesson are to make students aware of the great diversity
of countries, peoples and geography that exists on the
1. Provide each student with a journal to be used during
the course of this lesson. (This may be as simple as stapling
some pages together.) One section should be reserved for
questions they have on the topic of Africa, and another
section for what they learned about Africa.
2. Ask students to take a few minutes and write on the
first page of their journal what comes into their minds when
they think of Africa.
3. As a class, ask students to share what they wrote in
their journals, and record students' responses on chart
paper. (Save students' responses, as they will be used again
in the lesson.)
4. After students have finished responding, go back to
each response and ask the question, "Where in Africa?" (For
example, if one of the responses is "elephants roaming free"
ask "Where in Africa? In what country(s) on the continent of
Africa do elephants roam free?")
5. Ask students to give examples of the differences
between the state they live in, and other states in the
6. Look at a world map to see how large the African
continent is compared to the area of the United States.
7. Ask students if there is such a difference in
environments in the United States, how much diversity must
exist on the African continent?
8. Make certain that students are aware that Africa is a
continent made up of 53 countries.
9. Initiate a class discussion about the different ethnic
groups that make up the United States.
10. Ask the class how much more diversity might exist on a
continent the size of Africa.
11. Give the students a few minutes to write in the "What
they learned" and "What they want to know" sections of their
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