African-American history has played an integral role in the shaping of politics, economics, and culture in the United States. Growing up, how did you learn about the accomplishments and struggles of African Americans? Were you in a classroom? Reading a book? Talking with relatives or friends? How has your understanding or knowledge of African-American history changed and/or developed over time? What do you think is the most effective way to pass along this rich and growing history to future generations?

Mark Givens

I, Mark A. Givens, was aware of my African heritage and all thing relative to being an African- American in the south from my parents (Paul and Carrie Givens Sr.). For you see , I grew up in Charleston, SC ( yeah, the end of The Middle Passage ) during the 60’s. My mother was a political activist and my father was sort of a Griot.┬áMy parents shared and told us real stories and experiences. …and by the way,I am Geechie and speak Gullah.