As a white kid in Iowa I often heard blacks denigrated with the “N” word. I think economics were at the heart of the issue. Family was stressed for jobs. Drinking played a major role, too. I learned to reject the strong victriol. The civil rights movement and TV can be credited with my education that has grown progressively. I am 75. But a major leap came with desegregation in Indianapolis and teacher workshops that got to the ingrained habits in even an activist like me. For instance, “flesh tone,” the pale peach Crayola taught us.
Hurray for Gates and affirmative action for the poor.