April 28th, 2006
Georgia O'Keeffe
About the Painter

Among the great American artists of the 20th-century, Georgia O’Keeffe stands as one of the most compelling. For nearly a century, O’Keeffe’s representations of the beauty of the American landscape were a brave counterpoint to the chaotic images embraced by the art world. Her cityscapes and still lifes filled the canvas with wild energy that gained her a following among the critics as well as the public. Though she has had many imitators, no one since has been able to paint with such intimacy and stark precision.

Georgia O’Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin in 1887. The second of seven children, O’Keeffe longed to be an artist from an early age. In 1905 she attended the Art Institute of Chicago and a year later went to study at the Art Students League of New York. Though her student work was well received she found it unfulfilling, and for a short time abandoned the fine arts. She worked briefly as a commercial artist in Chicago before moving to Texas to teach. During the summer of 1915, O’Keeffe took classes at the Teachers College of Columbia University in South Carolina, and there began her re-entry into the world of painting.

Teaching in South Carolina was Arthur Dow, a specialist in Oriental Art. Dow’s interest in non-European art helped O’Keeffe move away from the forms she had found so stifling in her previous studies. She said of him, “It was Arthur Dow who affected my start, who helped me to find something of my own.” Soon after O’Keeffe’s return to Texas, she made a handful of charcoal drawings, which she sent to a friend in New York. The friend, Anna Pollitzer, showed them to Alfred Stieglitz, a photographer and gallery owner. He was enthused with the vibrant energy of the work, and asked to show them. So, without her knowledge, Georgia O’Keeffe had her first exhibition in 1916 at Steiglitz’s “291 Gallery.”

Within two years, Steiglitz had convinced O’Keeffe to move to New York and devote all of her time to painting. His regular presentations of her work had begun to cause a buzz, and create for a her a small following. Six years later the two were married, beginning one of the most fruitful and well-known collaborations of the modernist era. For the next twenty years the two would live and work together, Steiglitz creating an incredible body of portraits of O’Keeffe, while O’Keeffe showed new drawings and paintings nearly every year at the gallery. Living in Lake George, New York, and in New York City, O’Keeffe painted some of her most famous work. During the 1920s, her large canvasses of lush overpowering flowers filled the still lifes with dynamic energy and erotic tension, while her cityscapes were testaments to subtle beauty within the most industrial circumstances.

In 1929 O’Keeffe took a vacation with her friend Beck Strand to Taos, New Mexico. The trip would forever alter the course of her life. In love with the open skies and sun-drenched landscape, O’Keeffe returned every summer to travel and to paint. When Steiglitz in 1946 died, O’Keeffe took up permanent residence there. More than almost any of her other works, these early New Mexico landscapes and still lifes have come to represent her unique gifts. The rich texture of the clouds and sky were similar to her earlier, more sensuous representations of flowers. But beneath these clouds one found the bleached bones of animals long gone.

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, O’Keeffe’s fame continued to grow. She traveled around the world and had a number of major retrospectives in the U.S. The most important came in 1970 at the Whitney Museum of American Art, placing her categorically as one of the most important and influencial American painters. The next year O’Keeffe’s vision deteriorated dramatically, and she withdrew from artistic life. It was not until 1973, after meeting Juan Hamilton, a young ceramic artist, which she returned to working. With his encouragement and assistance, she resumed painting and sculpting. In 1976 her illustrated autobiography, GEORGIA O’KEEFFE was a best seller, and the next year she received the Medal of Freedom from President Gerald Ford.

In 1985 she received the Medal of the Arts from President Ronald Reagan. In March of the next year, at the age of 98, O’Keeffe passed away at St. Vincent’s Hospital in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Georgia O’Keeffe’s work remains a prominent part of major national and international museums. For many, her paintings represent the beginnings of a new American art free from the irony and cynicism of the late 20th century.

  • Jessica

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  • tara

    your a cool dude and a good inspiration

  • michelle

    WHAT IS HER PAINTING STYLE

  • Zhane

    her painting stlye is Flowers/ the American West

  • Jon

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  • Rohanne

    There is no examples of her work, which I was looking for, for my project. Apart from that, great website.

  • carolyn

    i am only twelve years old and have only been painting for three but in those years i have come to understand just how great of a painter she is

  • muneca

    how many paintingz did she do?or paint?..waz it alot??

  • Ariam rivera

    im 14 and that that painting is cool

  • tony

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  • m.e.

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  • Lester

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  • Monica

    This is a good website, you could have just put her paintings and what they each represented. That could have been more helpful.

  • Savanah “]

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  • Mary Ann Fichthorn Fichthorn

    10/28/08 – 11 am
    love the flower posters. will help me get started again with my love of drawing.

  • Tarina

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  • Faris

    i feel like she is an insperation to other artits and this website has all the infomation i needed so THANKS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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  • hannah

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  • Tracy

    Thank you this site helped me out alot:)

  • alecia

    i love her drawings to!!!! i cant believe how many flowers she drew too!!!!!

  • carmina

    GREAT,BUT WHO’S THE AUTHOR OF THIS BIOGRAPHY OF HER??!

  • sara

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  • Thomas

    Yeah Thanks for this website it really helped me in my art class, YEAH GOT A A+!!

  • TIARA

    THIS PAINTING IS DONE WITH WARM COLORS ITS NICE LOOKING…HOTTTTTT IM 15

  • Xiomara

    I think Georgia O’ Keeffe is Awesome. I thought this was very helpful for my report. Thank you.
    Xiomara Harris

  • Tommy

    Hahaha Who Cares A Toss

  • derek stangeland

    this site has a lot of info. it really helped me out.

  • matthew

    thankyou so much i just got an a* in my art exams and am so pleased because now i am painting paintings and sellnig them to galleries

  • chelsee

    georgia o keefes paintings are SO cool

  • Gianna Adams

    thank you so much for this website! I had to write a report on an artist for art, and my grandma suggested georgia O’Keefe.so i got on this website and found all the information i needed!

  • lily

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  • rosie

    this is a stupid website it has nothing of the information that i need for my art homework grrr!! oh and its boring.

  • Blah

    this is a good site and thanks for stating that she did still life that helped a ton!!!!!!!

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  • vezza

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  • Shan-Shan

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  • xobeeotch

    when did she die!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Ana Cristina Soto

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  • Eric

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  • Taylor

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  • Shannon

    Thanks for the help guys! XD

  • NOEL

    thank you for the help on my report, i love your art work.

  • emma

    thisss didnt help me at all. It was rubbish.i will never use this infomation again. RUBBISHH

  • To be honest, there is no proof of her work, its just about her which isn’t really important in the world of art. Thankyou anyway.

  • amber

    sum people are un gretful of dis dang web site EMMA!!!! this was actually a verry great web site and it helped alot thanks!!! amber<3

  • emma

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  • emma lina

    I love this site!!!! I neede info on Georgia O’ Keeffe, and you solved my problem! Thanks!

  • Brendan KNott

    i can appreciate the artwork she put out. but this site wasnt much help

  • tyty

    were u the best artice back then

  • keanna

    however found this website thank you. i helped me so much. I got an A+ on my report=)
    Oh, and ibrahim ali #7 your crap and if this website didn’t help you then your just a dumb.

  • Sabrina

    thxxxxxxx i am going to to do sooooooooogood on my art report

  • dev

    this very good paintings but u have to tell in her biography what kind paintings does she draw.

  • Crystal

    Thanks for all the info. It really helped me with my report!

  • noodle m

    I love georgia she is so cool

  • Abbie

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  • chelsie

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  • Vinnie Messina

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  • Mike

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  • Zeld

    nice site

  • BOB

    NICE xD

  • tyler

    thanks very much for getting this information

  • hello

    lize she wanted to be an artist how old was she

  • miss cry

    WOW

  • Pie

    thank you very much:)

  • cody o

    thanks :)

  • Adina Whidbee

    this is a awonderful thing that hapened to her during her time and i really want her to know that i admire her and im only 13 years old

  • ingrid

    thx for this site i will help me in my homework n i could get a A thx

  • Sharday

    Thank for being a strong woman

  • Amy Lawlor

    carnt find the image am looking fro at all but got loads of good flowers for my gcse loveing the site xx

  • Georgia fan

    Good pic. I need to dress like her. Don’t worry, i m a girl so it won’t be awkward.

  • Chris’s Angel says….

    I thought this information was very helpful for my report. A lot of a good solid information that I needed came from this site.

  • alexandra

    thx for the site it relly herp me with my project

  • anonymous

    Could you send me a list of the places you got your primary sources from? Im working on Georgia O’keeffe for National History and those would really be helpful.

  • angel

    this is so cool. That is great information for my social studies project but i am not pleasurizing (means copying word for word). I would never do that.

  • angel

    i love her she is my favrit artist ever i had to do a report on her painting COWSKULL WITH CALICO ROSES

  • Reagan Roz_lvgrl95

    Georgia O’Keeffe is amazing and has beautiful paintings… whoever sez that she is uninteresting and not important SUX!!! lol

  • kelsey

    Hello well my name is Kelsey and i go to mmms and this web site really helped me with my work and you guys are great thanks!:))

  • Jenny

    Good

  • ruby meechan

    i think this website is good and it helped me alote wif my homework and be sure in about 20 yrs time buy my album

  • felicia olson

    this website really helped me with my art project!

  • aaron

    wow this is cool,thank u i got my best picture from this website

  • t

    i lyk this website cause help m3 on my report art class

  • cheeto

    my friend amanda said this site helped her a ALOT!! so i just wanted to say thanks she is doing great on her project!

  • lc

    Thanks lots!! this really helped me on my art prject!!! <3

  • katie16

    This site is awesome it really helped on my art assignment. Thanks a lot pbs website! Your a lifesaver!!!!!!!

  • queenie

    Is it O’ Keefe or O’ Keeffe?
    My history teacher says it’s Keefe.

  • alexis

    i like this website.
    but you should tie it into the decade she did art in and how it helped

  • scarface

    it helped me with my art project and i got A* thanks dudes thanks dueds

  • pwincess94xxx

    im juss lurvvvin this website, really cool n it does really help.Thanx!

  • baabylovee

    her paintings look like vagina’s.

  • Jessiie BBww…x

    Omg!!! i luv thiss site it helped mee soooooo much durinn my homeworkk thank uuu!!!! :)(: ….x

  • karrie

    this does not help

  • sam sam

    I sooooooooooo love her work she helped me in class and shes kool:D!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Teresa

    i love Georgia’s art, she influences me to draw with pastels…….. o love drawing…..feburary was my b-day!!! i am now 14!!!!!!!!

  • katie

    this site is great im in 3rd grade and i have to do a state in the box thingy and my state is wisconsin and she wasborn in wisconsin so this will help alot thx! ‘:)

  • W & W

    Kash loves this!

  • fiona

    this heleped me but only did only one part of four

  • hazzy

    THIS IS GOOD PAINTING MAN

  • oilvia

    Geogia o keeffe is the best artest i ever learnd about i wish i could see her

  • Raquelle

    your art is fantastic i did you for my repot it helped me alot

  • MYOB

    This website did not help me at all ….but art work is unique

  • lilly stanford

    Awsome paper

  • ~ANIGE~

    I’m doing an art show for my school and this helps a lot but not much, good work though!

  • Cam

    Okay, but super CRAPPY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • cc

    this website is crap i need things about the wite flower on red earth

  • sasha

    her paintings are so gorgeus!!! i love flowers!!! giraffes rock

  • sasha

    her paintings are so gorgeus!!! i love flowers!!!

  • sasha

    her paintings are so pretty
    !!! i love flowers!!!

  • Cassie

    I liked this website alot and it helped me alot with my report!!!!:)

  • Duder

    cool. if it is what your into. well what was her art style and her most often used medium?

  • Serlena

    does anyone know when this was last updated? i need to make a bibliography with this on it, and need update and accessed dates (of course i have accessed) but this site really helped. not the best but i liked it and it is very useful and tells you much.

  • omar

    u helped me alot with my project.thanks an this sit rocks like pradise

  • GUCHQUITA

    U HELP ME ALOT WITH MY PROJECT .THANK AN THIS SIT ROCKS LIKE PRADISE

  • Georgia

    This website is a life saver it really helped thanks

  • desteny

    this website helped me get an A+ on my art project !
    =) =) =) =) =) =) toodles !

  • momma

    i love this web. !!!!

  • doodle

    Hahaha, I love the kid who asked who wrote her autobiography. Hahahaha…

  • makenzi

    when did she die and how

  • richard boyd

    thx this info is very helpful

  • Abby EYBI

    WOW

  • Abby EYBI

    WOW, this is a cool website !!!!!!!! Awsome Thanks

  • Keena

    this is amazzzzzzzzing!

  • Ingrid

    This web would be good use for a report, but maybe some more info would be better. I did one report on her a few weeks ago. I needed more than just this info! Totally.
    Anyway … it’s okay. I’d say…
    7/10 score if I was “the judge”

    :)

  • Daniella

    Wow, this helped me so so much with my art report! This site is so amazing and i love it! :)

  • Callie

    what were her habits and what were her hobbies??

  • megan

    who is the author of this

  • tammy

    I did not read it but I think your art is awsom exstremly awsome I liked your red poppy well I hav to go .(your art rocks!)

  • Emma

    Thanxxx u helped me on my homework lol

  • lou

    Ireally like the colors

  • lou lou

    it is stunning

  • paloma

    this website was awesome i loved it it also helped me with my artist report
    (i got to choose the artist)

  • jim bob

    this helped me so much with my reportand it is a ver good site for data about the subject to. Very good site I RECOMEND IT!!!

  • rebekah

    this is the best site!!!!!

  • eRmA

    omg omg omg omg this website is soo useful and all u haters out there stop hatin on this person Georgia Okeefe is now mi homiee gangster thanxx for the help

  • lunar#love#xx

    this website was usefull 4 my art h/w but the asinment was to find out about har work not her life. maby you should do another setion just about her work and style but other than that its great thanx
    xx

  • Ari

    Thanks a lot, this web really,really helped me on my art report,i think my art teacher, Mrs. jakee would be impress of my report.=] =] =] =] . P.S. u r the best

  • @R! $@Y$:

    Thanks a lot, your web really really helped me on my art report =] =] =] =] =] =] =] =] =] =] =] =] P.S you are the best

  • Shababalah

    O Tank Yaw! You Help Me Much! Gracias Amigos! I Love All Of You Smaaart American People. Tis Site FANTASTICO!

  • Leanne

    Thank you for helping me on my report! it’s due tomorrow!

  • Miya

    i think her art is very clear pure,a natural born artist back in the day

    i wish i was born natural like that but painting isnt my style, im a natural born sketch artist

  • ciara

    she received the national medal of arts in 1983 not 1985

  • denali

    THANKS!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Kaitlyn

    This website is very persuasive and it helped me learn about Gergia O’Keeffe, and her paintings……
    Thanks for the fun facts….. .:xoxokaitlyn:.

  • Zachary (Whale)

    This is Zach, I enjoyed the painting facts….
    Georgia O’Keeffe is my idol….
    Thank you for the fun facts…. :)

  • robbie

    hey thanks :)

  • sam

    this was an awesome site that really helped me thanks :)

  • Georgia

    Thanks a lot I needed some info for my art homework thanks !!!!! xxxx ;)

  • mike

    good sight very helpful over all report 7 out of 10

  • donna

    this was also a great site I was able to past my test

  • Jamie

    This is really informative and helpful in completing my class presentation on her. ^_^

  • person

    pretty good but it needs pic.s!!!!!!

  • tony

    yo thks alot for this stuff it helped me with my school work

  • rachel

    this helped alot with my final exam paper.

  • charmuel

    O.M.G cause you are the best you are the artist that i choose that i need to report so cool ………..thank you….!!!!!,,,,,,,

  • Jessica

    hi im only 12 but this ite really helped me with my art home work and your paintings are incredible i hope to paint like you!

  • jacob black luver

    this is a realy helpful site

  • pwiinces

    this really helped me in my art homework
    tnx…xx
    pwincess

  • Jonas

    I love Georgia O’ Keefe paintings

  • Harry

    this really helped me for my homework thanks.

  • Jessica

    Wow, you really helped me with my report thanks!

  • melissa

    this website helped me with my report thankyou

  • chloe

    thanks for helping me with my homework <3 :)

  • tashy bobby

    thank you to who ever made this web site because it really helped me with my art homework on georgia o’keeffe

  • artiki….

    hey thanks for this website aye…i really needed it 4 my art assignment!!!
    i never new just hw much ppls like her…. shes awsome…
    ummm… wen did she die? and wats her type of art? i n she dose oils i think…
    but i just need info… so yep fanxs for that newais… :)

  • Patti

    The article says that she died in 1986 at the ripe old age of 98-wow, long life!! This article was helpful for me as my assignment is on her

  • kaitlin

    this website really helps me with my with art project. my teacher is mrs sedgewick

  • Bek

    It wasn’t very helpful… oh well :(

  • Dalton

    She was a HORRIBLE painter.

  • AJ

    Great information, but I wanted to point out that Stieglitz’s name is spelled wrong. It is “ie”. I just wanted to note that for anyone using this site for research.

  • Judy

    Dalton, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. O’Keefe’s work, OMG, as the kids say. Incredible and beautiful. She captures the beauty of the southwest (which I love and makes my heart go pitter patter) most wonderfully. Her cityscapes are inspiring!

  • Zeida

    Georgia O’Keefe was brilliant. She embodied her art in it’s true realistic realm.She exhumed life and promted meditation into the wonders of every object in our world. She was simple and respected the beauty found in nature, dead or alive. Her colors were magnificant. My favorite an most respected artist. She painted from her heart to her soul and straight to the canvass.

  • P A S

    Type Georgia O’Keefe art into a search engine…….there is alot of it.

  • ADEELA

    I think Georgia O’ Keefe is a very artistic person. And if people dont have anything good to say then they beter keep it to themselves because no one cares. You got to be an idiot to take everything as a joke.

  • lacey

    this really helped me with my research project. Georgia O’ keefe is a amazing artist and i love her art.

  • Judy

    After seeing a movie on Lifetime cable about this remarkable woman, I had to learn more about her. This web site gave me that. A wonderful artist that gave life to everything she painted and inspiration to all.

  • orell beasley

    i like the art i chose you for my ARTIST PROFILE

  • kiaira lane

    hey i love ur website we are doing a project on u n i love the website xoxo kiki

  • Kezzie

    wow georgia is a brilliant artist that is why i have chose her for my artist sheet. i love art but also you have really helped me with my research. so if anyone needs any info go to this webpage/site.

    and just want to say Thankyou x

  • Adam

    Great website helped alot thanx!!!

  • Director Florin Breeden

    Great Resource! Thanks:)

  • randy stillo

    Is this episode for sale?

  • Kaitlin

    wow this site really helped! her paintings are amazing ^.^

Inside This Episode

  • About the Painter

Salinger

Produced by THIRTEEN    ©2014 Educational Broadcasting Corporation. All rights reserved.