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General
We recommend these additional Web sites for those interested in learning more about the American presidents.

The American President
www.americanpresident.org/
An educational companion site for THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT television series that includes in-depth biographies of all the presidents, lesson plans for teachers, essays about the 2000 elections, a "War Room" game, and a Presidential Poem Contest for students.

White House
www.whitehouse.gov/
The official Web site for the White House. It's chock full of information about the historic structure and its current and past occupants. The site has a virtual library to search for White House documents, extensive biographies of President Clinton, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, Vice President Al Gore, and Tipper Gore, and an interactive citizen's handbook.

Grolier Online: The American Presidency
http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/preshome.html
Review the history of the U.S. presidents, the presidency, politics, and related subjects from any one of three online Grolier's encyclopedias.

University of Groningen: The American Revolution - an .HTML project
http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/P/
The Presidents section within this online project contains biographies, text of speeches, writings, and other material related to each of the presidents of the United States.

American Presidents: Life Portraits
www.americanpresidents.org
With the free RealPlayer plug-in, users can watch the entire C-SPAN series AMERICAN PRESIDENTS: LIFE PORTRAITS on this site.

American Presidents.com
www.americanpresidents.com
A few of the fun things on this site include the interactive tour of the White House and the presidential "Trivia and Tidbits" section.

presidents.Swath.org
http://presidents.Swath.org/
Bulleted outlines of each president's life are presented on these pages.

The Presidential Gallery
www.corbis.com/jefferson/pres/pres_frame_p01.html
Browse through a gallery of presidential portraits, and check out the unconventional quotes from each of the presidents included in the "Off the Record" section.

Presidential Wing of the History Buff's Library
www.historybuff.com/presidents/index.html
History Buff's site contains newspaper articles, facts, and inaugural addresses of the U.S. presidents.

About.com Guide to: American History
http://americanhistory.miningco.com/education/americanhistory/mlibrary.htm
This About.com site contains links to many articles regarding important presidential documents and treaties.

United States History
www.usahistory.com/main.htm
This site contains brief biographies of the presidents, their inaugural addresses, and electoral statistics from their presidential campaigns.


Audio

Audio files of significant presidential speeches, addresses, and/or sound bites are available on these Web sites.

The History Place: Sounds of History
www.historyplace.com/specials/sounds-prez/index.html
Listen to the words of almost all of the late-20th century presidents, starting with Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Grolier Online: The American Presidency: Sound Bytes
http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/gallery/sound.html
Download audio files of key presidential speeches and addresses at this site, including those of the late 18th-century presidents Grover Cleveland and William McKinley.

Vincent Voice Library: U.S. Presidents of the 20th Century
www.lib.msu.edu/vincent/presidents/index.htm
A great resource for voice recordings of the U.S. presidents, this site even includes a sound bite from President Benjamin Harrison that was originally recorded on an Edison wax cylinder.



General

Cohen, Norman S. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENTS: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 1989.

Degregorio, William A. THE COMPLETE BOOK OF U.S. PRESIDENTS. New York: Wings Books, 1984.

Graff, Henry E. THE PRESIDENTS: A REFERENCE HISTORY. 2D ED. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Kane, Joseph Nathan. FACTS ABOUT THE PRESIDENTS: A COMPILATION OF BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL INFORMATION. New York: Wilson, 1981.

Levy, Leonard W., and Louis Fisher. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY. 4 volumes. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Martin, Fenton, and Robert Goehlert. AMERICAN PRESIDENTS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1987.

Nelson, Michael, ed. CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY'S GUIDE TO THE PRESIDENCY. 2 vS. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1996.

Richardson, James D., ed. MESSAGES AND PAPERS OF THE PRESIDENTS: 1789- 1897. 10 VOLUMES. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1899.

---. MESSAGES AND PAPERS OF THE PRESIDENTS: 1897-1914. 18 volumes. New York: Bureau of National Literature, 1897-1914.

Schick, Frank L. RECORDS OF THE PRESIDENCY: PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS AND LIBRARIES FROM WASHINGTON TO REAGAN. Phoenix, NM: Oryx Press, 1989.


The Presidency

Bailey, Thomas A. PRESIDENTIAL GREATNESS. New York: Appleton-Century, 1966.

Bryce, James. THE AMERICAN COMMONWEALTH. 2 volumes. Indianapolis, IN: The Liberty Fund, 1995.

Dallek, Robert T. HAIL TO THE CHIEF. New York: Hyperion Press, 1996.

Heale, M. G. THE PRESIDENTIAL QUEST: CANDIDATES AND IMAGES IN AMERICAN POLITICAL CULTURE, 1787-1852. New York: Longman, 1982.

Hofstadter, Richard. THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION AND THE MEN WHO MADE IT. New York: Vintage Books, reprint 1989.

Ketcham, Ralph. PRESIDENTS ABOVE PARTY: THE FIRST AMERICAN PRESIDENCY, 1789-1829. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

Kissinger, Henry. DIPLOMACY. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

LaFeber, Walter. THE NEW EMPIRE: AN INTERPRETATION OF AMERICAN EXPANSIONISM. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1963.

McDonald, Forrest. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY: AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1994.

Mayhem, David R. DIVIDED WE GOVERN. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991.

Milkis, Sidney M. THE PRESIDENTS AND THE PARTIES: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM SINCE THE NEW DEAL. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

---, and Michael Nelson. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY: ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT 1776-1993. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1994.

Miroff, Bruce. ICONS OF DEMOCRACY: AMERICAN LEADERS AS HEROES, ARISTOCRATS, DISSENTERS, AND DEMOCRATS. New York: Basic Books, 1993.

Nelson, Michael. THE PRESIDENCY AND THE POLITICAL SYSTEM. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1998.

Neustadt, Richard E. PRESIDENTIAL POWER AND THE MODERN PRESIDENTS: THE POLITICS OF LEADERSHIP FROM ROOSEVELT TO REAGAN. New York: Free Press, 1990.

Pious, Richard M. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY. New York: Basic Books, 1970.

Rose, Richard. THE POSTMODERN PRESIDENT. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1988.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. THE CYCLES OF AMERICAN HISTORY. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.

---. THE IMPERIAL PRESIDENCY. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.

Silbey, Joel. THE PARTISAN IMPERATIVE: THE DYNAMICS OF AMERICAN POLITICS BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Skowronek, Stephen. THE POLITICS PRESIDENTS MAKE: LEADERSHIP FROM JOHN ADAMS TO GEORGE BUSH. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1993.

Tulis, Jeffrey, K. THE RHETORICAL PRESIDENCY. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987.


The White House

Aikman, Lonnelle. THE LIVING WHITE HOUSE. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society, 1966-91.

Caroli, Betty Boyd. INSIDE THE WHITE HOUSE. New York: Canopy Books, 1992.

Freidel, Frank, and William Pencak, eds. THE WHITE HOUSE: THE FIRST TWO HUNDRED YEARS. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994.

Garrett, Wendell. OUR CHANGING WHITE HOUSE. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1995.

Guidas, John. THE WHITE HOUSE: RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AT THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1992.

Jensen, Amy La Folette. THE WHITE HOUSE AND ITS THIRTY-TWO FAMILIES. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1958.

Seale, William. THE PRESIDENT'S HOUSE. 2 volumes. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1986.

---. THE WHITE HOUSE: THE HISTORY OF AN AMERICAN IDEA. Washington, DC: The American Institute of Architects Press, 1992.

THE WHITE HOUSE: AN HISTORIC GUIDE, Washington, DC: White House Historical Association and National Geographic Society, 1995.


Pictorial Sources

AMERICAN HERITAGE PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES, THE. 2 volumes. New York: American Heritage Publishing and Simon & Schuster, 1968.

AMERICAN STORY IN ART: MURALS OF ALLYN COX IN THE U.S. CAPITOL, The. Washington, DC: Daughters of the American Revolution and the U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 1986.

Andrist, Ralph, et al. 200 YEARS: BICENTENNIAL ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. New York: U.S. News & World Report, 1973.

Blaisdell, Thomas C., et al. THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY IN POLITICAL CARTOONS: 1776-1976. Rev. ed. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith, 1976.

Collins, Kathleen. WASHINGTONIANA PHOTOGRAPHS. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1989.

Cunliffe, Marcus. THE AMERICAN HERITAGE HISTORY OF THE PRESIDENCY. New York: American Heritage, 1968.

Cunningham, Noble. POPULAR IMAGES OF THE PRESIDENCY. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1991.

Dowdy, Dru, ed. NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION: PERMANENT COLLECTION ILLUSTRATED CHECKLIST. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Durant, John, and Alice Durant. A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE PRESIDENTS. New York: Barnes, 1955.

Heller, Joseph, ed. WAR AND CONFLICT: SELECTED IMAGES FROM THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES 1765-1970. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1990.

Jones, Cranston. HOMES OF THE AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962.

Kloss, William. ART IN THE WHITE HOUSE. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association and National Geographic Society, 1992.

Kunhardt, Dorothy Meserve, and Philip B. Kunhardt, Jr. MATHEW BRADY AND HIS WORLD. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1977.

Lorant, Stefan. THE GLORIOUS BURDEN: THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.

---. THE PRESIDENCY: A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS FROM WASHINGTON TO TRUMAN. New York: Macmillan, 1951.

Melder, Keith. HAIL TO THE CANDIDATE: PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS FROM BANNER TO BROADCASTS. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Milhollen, Hirst D., and Milton Kaplan. PRESIDENTS ON PARADE: THE PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE PRESIDENTS. New York: Macmillan, 1948.

Panzer, Mary. MATHEW BRADY AND THE IMAGE OF HISTORY. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

Pfister, Harold F., ed. FACING THE LIGHT: HISTORIC AMERICAN PORTRAIT DAGUERREOTYPES. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT: THE CANDIDATES AND THEIR IMAGES. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

WASHINGTON PAST AND PRESENT: A GUIDE TO THE NATION'S CAPITAL. Washington, DC: United States Capitol Historical Society, 1993.




For information on the 2000 Presidential Elections, we suggest the following Web sites.

Political Parties

The Democratic National Committee (DNC)
www.democrats.org/index.html
The DNC's Web site has the lastest news and information from the Democratic Party.

Democratic National Convention
Get the lowdown on the Democratic Party's 2000 national convention in Los Angeles on this site.

Green Parties of North America
Ralph Nader, Stephen Gaskin, and Jello Biafra are the candidates seeking the Green Party's nomination for President. Visit this site to find out about each of these candidates and the Green Party in North America.

The Libertarian Party
www.lp.org/lp.html
A good way to learn everything you wanted to know about the Libertarian Party is to click on the "Take a Tour!" link included on this site.

The Natural Law Party
www.natural-law.org/index.html
Never heard of the Natural Law Party? Well, this site gives you the opportunity to learn about them and their candidate for president in 2000, John Hagelin.

The Reform Party
www.reformparty.org/
See what's going on with the Reform Party here on their official Web site.

The Republican National Committee (RNC)
www.rnc.org/
The history of the Republican Party, a list of its elected officials, their stand on the issues, and a video clip about the Republican National Convention 2000 in Philadelphia are all available on this site.


Candidates

George W. Bush for President
www.georgewbush.com/
Learn more about Governor George W. Bush's "Vision for America" on his official campaign Web site. It includes Governor Bush's speeches, position papers, campaign press releases, and information on his upcoming campaign stops.

Gore 2000
www.algore2000.com/
Keep up with the Democratic nominee, Al Gore, on this his official campaign Web site. Here you can read the candidate's speeches, press releases, position papers, participate in an interactive town hall meeting, and even watch video clips from some of his most recent campaign events.

Hagelin 2000
www.hagelin.org
John Hagelin is the Natural Law Party's candidate for president. Find out more about him and his candidacy at this site.

Ralph Nader for President
www.votenader.com/index.html
Follow the candidacy of consumer activist turned politician and Green Party presidential nominee Ralph Nader on this Web site.


News, Commentaries, and Guides

ABCNews.com
http://abcnews.go.com/sections/politics/
Get the lastest political news, a glimpse at the hottest House and Senate races, and even a video update on the 2000 presidential election.

CBS News: Campaign 2000
http://cbsnews.cbs.com/now/section/0,1636,250-412,00.shtml
An analysis of campaign ads for the presidential contest and other key races around the country, thoughts on Campaign 2000 from veteran newsmen Dan Rather and Bob Schieffer, and video and audio clips from the CBS Sunday political news program FACE THE NATION can all be found here.

CNN.com: allpolitics.com with TIME
http://cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/
A large source of political articles on the election and more.

C-SPAN: Campaign 2000
http://cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/
For the political news junkie, this C-SPAN site allows users to search and view footage of campaign speeches, keep track of the presidential candidates with a monthly campaign calendar, and participate in an online discussion board.

Fox News.com: You Decide 2000
www.foxnews.com/elections/index.sml
This site has news and articles on the presidential race and other major national political contests, a video archive of coverage of the 2000 election, plus an animated political cartoon.

MSNBC: Politics
http://msnbc.com/news/politics_front.asp
Watch Webcasts of several political shows, join a sweepstakes to select running mates for Vice President Al Gore and Governor George W. Bush, review profiles of the candidates, and more on this MSNBC site.

Federal Election Commission
www.fec.gov/
Your guide to understanding fundraising policies for public elections in the United States.

Project Vote-Smart
www.vote-smart.org/
A site devoted to informing the public about the candidates standing for election at all levels of government.

BeAVoter.org
www.beavoter.com/
To help increase voter participation, the AARP, American Online, and MCI WorldCom have organized this non-partisan, non-profit Web site to simplify the voter registration process.

White House 2000
www.niu.edu/newsplace/whitehouse.html
This site contains articles that range from serious discussions of candidates and their platforms to amusing political cartoons.

Childrens Books for Parents and Teachers : Kids books about presidents
http://www.childrensbooksforparents.com/category/presidents/
The birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and George Washington in February offer a perfect opportunity to focus on our country’s leaders. Studying about the presidents is serious business. There are dates to remember, new vocabulary words to learn, and details about responsibilities to digest. Some of these books, however, take the seriousness less seriously than others. Besides humorous fiction, this selection of books about the presidents includes historical fiction and nonfiction.


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