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October 10th, 2008
BLUEPRINT AMERICA
America in Gridlock
[TIMELINE] Driven to Despair: Los Angeles -- City on the move

1873-18751875-18971911-19451953-present
THE BIRTH OF RAIL
1873Main Street Railroad Company
The Los Angeles City Council authorized the maintenance of two railroad tracks. The Main Street Railroad Company began, but nothing ever came of the project.
1874Spring and West 6th Street Railroad
The Spring and 6th Street franchise started, serving the downtown Los Angeles area. This single track horse car line began public transit in Los Angeles.
1874-1875 Main Street & Agricultural Railroad
The Main Street and Agricultural Railroad was the first suburban line in Los Angeles.
1875East Los Angeles & San Pedro Railway Company
Due to low patronage, the railway company went under in just four years.
RAIL EXPANSION and MODERNIZATION
1875-1899 Los Angeles & Aliso Street Railroad Company
Regular service began in 1877 and as ridership increased a second line, the East First Street line, was built. In 1899, it became a cable railway.
1883City Railroad Company
The first line dedicated exclusively to public transit; other lines had been largely focused on real estate promotion.
1885Second Street Cable Railroad Company
Operated on a single track system.
1886The Central Railroad Company
Developed in 1883 to be a part of the Los Angeles & Aliso Railroad. It eventually merged with City Railroad.
1886-1888 Temple Street Cable Railway Company
Carried more passengers than any of the other lines at the time.
1896-1897Many of the major horse and cable cars operating in Los Angeles converted to electrical power.
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DEATH OF THE TROLLEY
1911Pacific Electric Railway Company
Eight separate companies merged into the Pacific Electric Railway Company.
1925-1955Pacific Electric Subway
The Subway opened on November 30, 1925, running 1,045 feet underground. In 1955, the last line using the subway was converted to buses.

By 1933, Pacific Electric and Los Angeles Railway also began bus passenger service, but patronage of both rail and bus had been hurt by the wide-spread use of the automobile.

1945Los Angeles Transit Lines
The controlling interest in the Los Angeles Railway was purchased by National City Lines, which was run by the five Fitzgerald brothers and had support from the oil industry. They renamed it the Los Angeles Transit Lines, substituting buses on most of the street car lines.
Further reading on the death of the trolley in L.A.:

Did Auto, Oil Conspiracy Put the Brakes on Trolleys?” (Los Angeles Times, March 23, 2003)

The Fitzgeralds Go. West.” (Time, December 18, 1944)

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FROM PRIVATE TO PUBLIC TO TODAY
1953-1958 Metropolitan Coach Lines
Pacific Electric sold its passenger rail cars and buses to the Metropolitan Coach Lines bus company.
1951-1964Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority
This agency was created by the California Legislature to develop a monorail system along the Los Angeles River. In 1958, the Transit Authority purchased Metropolitan Coach Lines and Los Angeles Transit Lines. Paid for with state dollars, operation of transportation in Los Angeles was public for the first time.
1964-1993Southern Rapid Transit District
Mandated by the legislature to improve bus systems, and design and build a transit system for Los Angeles.
1976-1993Los Angeles County Transportation Commission
The California legislature created the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission (LACTC) to oversee public transit and highway policy in the nation’s largest county.
1992-presentLos Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Metrolink operations began. The new MTA was created by Legislature, merging the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission and the Southern California Rapid Transit District.
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Sources: Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the Electric Railway Historical Association of Southern California

Photos: Courtesy of Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and Archive

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