Fritz Lang and crew on the set of The Return of Frank James (1940). Starring Henry Fonda as the outlaw Frank James, the film is a sequel to 1939's Jesse James.
Director Ernst Lubitsch and crew on the set of the comedy One Hour With You (1932). The film was nominated for an Oscar for Best Picture, but lost to Grand Hotel.
Writer, director and producer Billy Wilder. Wilder worked on some of Hollywood's biggest hits, including Double Indemnity, Ninotchka, Sunset Blvd., Some Like It Hot, and The Seven Year Itch.
Ernst Lubitsch, Melvyn Douglas and Greta Garbo on the set of Ninotchka (1939). Directed by Lubitsch and written by Billy Wilder, the romantic comedy was nominated for four Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Greta Garbo.
Marlene Dietrich and Billy Wilder at the piano. Wilder directed Dietrich in 1948's A Foreign Affair. Dietrich was only nominated once for an Oscar in her entire career for Morocco (1930).
Color poster of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920). Widely considered the first true horror film ever made, Dr. Caligari established Berlin's film industry as a force to be reckoned with.
Marlene Dietrich and Emil Jannings in The Blue Angel (1930). This film established Dietrich as a worldwide film star, and she subsequently left Germany behind for Hollywood stardom. Emil Jannings was the first actor to win the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1928. Jannings stayed behind in Germany and acted in many films that supported Nazi ideology.
Production still from the set of The Last Laugh (1924), starring Emil Jannings. Produced by UFA studios in Berlin, the "dolly" was first created for use in this film.
A workshop for Metropolis (1927). Directed by Fritz Lang, this groundbreaking film was one of the most expensive movies of its time; at five million marks ($200 million in 2007 dollars) it nearly bankrupted UFA studios.
Production still from Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927). The film included over 37,000 extras.
Color promotion poster for M (1931). Directed by Fritz Lang, the film starred a young Peter Lorre, who fled Germany's Nazi regime shortly after the film's release. The Nazi party banned the movie in 1934.
Peter Lorre in M (1931). Lorre starred as Hans Beckert, a child murderer on the run from both the police and organized crime.
Production still from To Be Or Not To Be (1942). Directed by Ernst Lubitsch, this comedy revolved around an acting troupe that tracks down a German spy during the Nazi occupation of Poland.
Director Fritz Lang. Despite great artistic success in his native Germany, he struggled to find the same kind of success as an exile in Hollywood.
Fritz Lang with Erich Pommer on the SS Deutschland in 1924. Pommer was a titan of German cinema, and groomed many future Hollywood stars, directors, writers and producers as the head of UFA studios in Berlin.
Erich Pommer in Germany. As a member of UFA's directorial board, Pommer was able to produce some of Weimar Germany's most impressive contributions to film: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), The Last Laugh (1924), Variety (1925), Faust (1926), and The Blue Angel (1930).
Director Joe May. One of the founders of German cinema, May began directing in 1911 and gave Fritz Lang his start in films as a screenwriter. Despite his success in Germany, May was never able to regain his fame after moving to Hollywood in 1934.
Actor S.Z. Sakall and his wife Elisabeth becoming American citizens in Los Angeles on December 13, 1946. With over 100 credits to his name in American and German cinema, he is best known for his performance as Carl the waiter in Casablanca (1942).
Producer and talent agent Paul Kohner. Kohner came to Hollywood in 1920, and in 1938 he opened a talent agency and managed the careers of Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, Dolores del Rio, Maurice Chevalier, Billy Wilder, Liv Ullmann, Henry Fonda, David Niven, Erich von Stroheim, Ingmar Bergman and Lana Turner.
Donation List of the European Film Fund (EFF). The EFF was founded by Paul Kohner, Ernst Lubitsch, William Dieterle, and other exiles in Hollywood who wanted to help fellow emigrés get visas, money or jobs in America. The EFF collected donations from established Hollywood exiles.
Composer Frederick Hollander. Hollander composed music for over one hundred films, including The Blue Angel, A Foreign Affair, and Sabrina. His most famous songs were performed by Marlene Dietrich.
Director Robert Siodmak. His most famous work was 1930's Menschen am Sonntag (People on Sunday). He went on to direct the Hollywood film noir classics Phantom Lady, The Spiral Staircase, and The Killers.
Writer Curt Siodmak, the younger brother of director Robert Siodmak. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1937, where he broke through with the script for The Wolf Man (1941), which established this beast as the most popular monster of the film industry beside Dracula and Frankenstein.
Publicity still of Billy Wilder for Sunset Blvd. Wilder won six Oscars for his work on the films The Apartment, Sunset Blvd., and The Lost Weekend.
U.S. citizenship application for Billy Wilder.
U.S. citizenship application for Marlene Dietrich.
U.S. citizenship application for Fred Zinnemann.
U.S. citizenship application for Henry Koster. Koster left Germany in 1933 and went on to direct Harvey (1950), starring James Stewart.
U.S. citizenship application for Franz Waxman. Waxman composed music for Hollywood classics like Rear Window, Sunset Blvd., and Edge of Darkness.
Set painting on the set of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.
Major support for this program provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities, The Skirball Foundation, Public Broadcasting Service, The Winston Foundation, Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman, The Lemberg Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts. Additional support for this program provided by Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro, The Vital Projects Fund, New Line Cinema, Elaine and Alan G. Weiler, The Karma Foundation, Rosalind P. Walter, S. E. Canning, The Max and Victoria Dreyfus Foundation, Alan Harper, Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Arnhold, Leila and Melville Straus, the Feuchtwanger Institute and public television viewers.