Before the Europeans arrived, North America was home to a wide variety of Indian tribes, who lived, thrived, and built up societies for hundreds -- and in some cases, thousands -- of years. Remember your region from the beginning of this activity? Below are some of the names of Indian tribes that resided there.
Southeast: Catawba, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole
Northeast: Shawnee, Mohawk, Mohegan, Cayuga, Huron, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Chippewa, Winnebago
Plains: Arapaho, Arikara, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Crow, Kansa, Mandan, Osage, Pawnee, Sioux
Plateau and Basin: Bannock, Cayuse, Coeur d'Alene, Kalispel, Kootenai, Nez Perce, Paiute, Shoshone, Spokane, Ute, Wishram, Salish
Southwest: Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Papago, Pima, Pueblo, Zuni
Northwest Coast: Bella, Coola, Chilkat, Haida, Kwakiutl, Makah, Nootka, Wakashan
California: Chumash, Diegueno, Hupa, Karok, Maidu, Mission, Miwok, Nisenan, Patwin, Tolowa, Wintu, Yurok
Determine which Indians lived in your area prior to the arrival of Europeans.
Research the history and culture of these Indians. Where did they live? What did they eat? How was their society organized?
Do these Indians still have a presence in your community? How? Are Indian names used? Is there a reservation nearby?
You may want to consult other Web sites, such as the Index of Native American Resources on the Internet at http://www.hanksville.org/NAresources/ to meet these challenges.
When you have finished your historical detective work, proceed to Step 8.