Stable Ground: Land
operations are not susceptible to
ocean storms and currents miles
out at sea. Also, facility damages
can often easily be repaired.
Spill Containment: Large
containment dikes can help
prevent an ecological disaster if a
pipeline or storage tank ruptures.
Safety: Oil production facilities
on land are closer to medical
facilities and generally safer for
workers. The working conditions
are often less harsh and don't
require employees to work difficult
Sabotage Risks: Attacks upon
production facilities, in the Middle
East and elsewhere, are more
likely on land due to accessibility.
Environmental Damage: Land
rigs require the construction of
roads, pipelines, and sometimes
even airports. Increased traffic to
and from production and shipping
facilities can heavily impact
sensitive ecological areas.
Social Impact: Oil rigs and
pipelines, and the increased
human activity they bring, can
alter wildlife behavior and the
societies that depend upon the
animals for their livelihood.
Waste products from drilling can
also cause adverse health effects