Allen, David, ed. ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING: FROM GRADING TO UNDERSTANDING. Foreword by Howard Gardner. New York: Teachers College Press, 1998.
Leading educators advocate new assessment methods that shift the focus from raw test scores to authentic student work. Suggestions for strategies and activities, such as visual work, portfolios, etc., to implement collaborative and reflective examination are provided for elementary through high school levels.
Campbell, Linda, Bruce Campbell, and Dee Dickinson. TEACHING AND LEARNING THROUGH MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES. Needham Heights,MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1996.
This book presents an extensive review of Howard Gardner's MI theory, along with effective MI strategies that emphasize team teaching, student strengths, curriculum, and assessment. In addition, pedagogical implications, community interaction, and classroom diversity are also discussed.
Gardner, Howard. INTELLIGENCE REFRAMED: MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE FOR THE 21ST CENTURY. New York: Basic Books, 1999.
In his newest publication, Gardner reports on the evolution and revisions of the theory of Multiple Intelligences.
Weber, Ellen. ROUNDTABLE LEARNING: BUILDING UNDERSTANDING THROUGH ENHANCED M.I. STRATEGIES. Tucson, AZ: Zephyr Press, 1997.
This book presents ways to implement MITA (Multiple Intelligence Teaching Approach) at all classroom levels, but with emphasis on grades 6 and above. It integrates constructivist theories developed by Vigotsky and Gardner into the curriculum design.
Weber, Ellen. STUDENT ASSESSMENT THAT WORKS: A PRACTICAL APPROACH. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1999.
Designed for teachers and parents, this book provides hands-on resource material and tools to implement MI across various disciplines and subjects. It also presents "how-to" activities such as asking probing questions, creating rubrics for alternative and performance-based authentic assessments, and other educational applications of MI.
Gardner, Howard, and Hirsch Jr., E.D. "Two Views on How to Get Johnny to Read and Think." NEW YORK TIMES, September 11, 1999.
Howard Gardner and E. D. Hirsch share their thoughts on the state of education today.
The Library of Congress: American Memory
The library's more than 50 extensive multimedia collections are available to students for study and use.
Concept to Classroom: Tapping Into Multiple Intelligences
Part of Thirteen Ed Online's series of free, self-paced teacher workshops, "Tapping Into Multiple Intelligences" offers useful background information, examples, tips, and strategies related to integrating MI into classroom practice.
Harvard Project Zero
This site provides information about Project Zero, an educational research group at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, led by Howard Gardner and his colleagues. Project Zero seeks to understand and enhance learning, thinking, and creativity in the arts as well as humanistic and scientific disciplines, at the individual and institutional levels.
ThomasArmstrong.com: Multiple Intelligences
This page provides general background information about the theory of Multiple Intelligences and practical strategies for using the theory in learning and teaching.
M.I. Smart: Multiple Intelligences: Additional Online Resources
Jane Carlson-Pickering's page lists MI links, articles, Web sites, and books.
MITA (Multiple Intelligence Teaching Approach) Center
This site presents Ellen Weber's MITA for school reform for high school as well as higher education, including a lesson bank and assessment tasks.
THE AMERICAN PROSPECT: "Multimedia and Multiple Intelligences" (Volume 7, Issue 29, November 1-December 1, 1996)
In this article, Shirley Veenema and Howard Gardner examine one particular example of interactive media, a CD-ROM about a Civil War battle, and how it takes advantage of the more complex view of intelligence that has emerged in recent decades.
banner photo: The white fairies and their escorts in the Kingdom of Sweets from THE NUTCRACKER FROM THE ROYAL BALLET.