Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story - The Birth of Soul
Overview

RESPECT YOURSELF: THE STAX RECORDS STORY chronicles the birth of Stax Records, soul music, and the “Memphis sound.” During a time when the United States was segregated and the struggle to end racial discrimination and extend civil rights to African Americans was raging, Stax was racially integrated and eventually became one of the most successful black-owned companies in the nation. The label launched the career of soul greats Otis Redding, Sam & Dave, Isaac Hayes, Booker T. & the MG’s, the Staple Singers, and others. Through classic performances and interviews with Stax artists, founder Jim Stewart, and many others associated with the record company, the film tells the story of America’s preeminent soul label.

Time Allotment:
Approximately five to six 45-minute class periods

Subject Matter:
Music, History, and Language Arts


LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

Students will:

1. Listen to and analyze various musical clips to determine the attributes that make them blues, gospel, country, jazz, rhythm and blues, funk, or soul tunes.

2. Participate in class discussion activities about their impressions of soul music and the content of the program RESPECT YOURSELF: THE STAX RECORDS STORY.

3. Utilize critical viewing skills to analyze program content and complete the related viewing guide.

4. Conduct research using the Internet and primary sources to learn about the lives, careers, musical contributions, and social contributions of Stax recording artists.

5. Create multimedia presentations that illustrate what was learned from researching a selected Stax artist and provide a musical analysis of a sample of the artist’s performance.

6. Make a class presentation of their research and musical analysis.

Materials:
A copy of GREAT PERFORMANCES’ RESPECT YOURSELF: THE STAX RECORDS STORY
Access to Internet and/or library resource materials
Access to multimedia software

Prep for Teachers:
Prior to teaching the lesson, record the broadcast of RESPECT YOURSELF: THE STAX RECORDS STORY (check local listings to determine if and when the program will air in your state), review the program for content, bookmark the Web sites used in the lesson on each computer, and download the necessary plug-ins. Print out and make copies of the related student handouts: Study Guide and Viewing Guide.

Bookmark the following sites:

Stax Museum of American Soul Music
http://www.soulsvilleusa.com/

Stax Museum of American Soul Music: Soul Learning
http://www.soulsvilleusa.com/eduweb

Otis Redding
http://www.otisredding.com/

Isaac Hayes
http://www.isaachayes.com/

Rufus Thomas
http://www.seguerecords.com/rufusthomas/

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum: Inductees: The Staple Singers
http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/the-staple-singers

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum: Inductees: Booker T. & the MG’s
http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/booker-t-and-the-mgs

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum: Inductees: Wilson Pickett
http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/wilson-pickett

Luther Ingram
http://www.lutheringrammusic.net/index.htm

Johnnie Taylor
http://www.johnnietaylor.net/

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum: Inductees: Sam & Dave
http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/sam-and-dave

Grove Music Online
http://www.grovemusic.com

STANDARDS:

Art Connections
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=9&standardID=1
Understands connections among the various art forms and other disciplines.

Music
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=11&standardID=7
Understands the relationship between music and history and culture.

Historical Understanding
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=3&standardID=2
Understands the historical perspective.

United States History
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=5&standardID=29 Understands the struggle for racial and gender equality and for the extension of civil liberties.

Language Arts
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/SubjectTopics.asp?SubjectID=7

Writing
Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process. Gathers and uses information for research purposes.

Reading
Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process.
Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of informational texts.

Listening and Speaking
Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes.

Viewing
Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media.

Working with Others
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=22&standardID=1
Contributes to the overall effort of a group.

http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=22&standardID=4
Displays effective interpersonal communication skills.

Thinking and Reasoning
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/standardDetails.asp?subjectID=21&standardID=3
Effectively uses mental processes that are based on identifying similarities and differences.

This lesson was prepared by Lisa Prososki, an independent educational consultant and instructional design specialist who taught middle school and high school social studies, English, reading, and technology courses for 12 years.

  • Roberto Miranda

    Is it possible to view a PBS showing of Isaac Hayes performing Elvis Presley’s “All Shook Up”? I saw it a few years ago. Isaac was performing with his group.It was very special.

  • Richard Reed

    One morning while conversing with a younger gentleman at our local community center, where we would normally meet, utilizing the computers and chat about current events. This paticular morning, our subject center around music R&B stars that are decease..such as Luther Vandross and Barry White. This was when I mention, that due to the untimely death of the comedian Bernie Mack, another great R&B star, that I felt had been overlook, and not fully recognize for his contribution, was Isaac Hayes. To help the young gentleman, better understand my statement and why Mr Hayes was label the “Black Moses”, I quickly search internet for PBS.com, because I recall one night (or should I say one morning) about 2 am while channel surfing, I saw “The Stax Records Story” on PBS. So with a little effort to locate Great Performances suggested the viewing of “Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story-The Birth Of Soul, plus “Wattstax”. Hopefully this young gentleman will have a better understanding of the impact that Isaac Hayes and Stax music had during that time in history.

    con

  • Richard Reed

    One morning while conversing with a younger gentleman at our local community center, where we would normally meet, utilizing the computers and chat about current events. This particular morning, our subject center around music, R&B stars that were decease..such as Luther Vandross and Barry White. This was when I mention, that due to the untimely death of the comedian Bernie Mack, another great R&B star, that I felt had been overlook, and not fully recognize for his contribution, was Isaac Hayes. To help the young gentleman, better understand my statement and why Mr Hayes was label the “Black Moses”, I quickly search internet for PBS.com, because I recall one night (or should I say one morning) about 2 am while channel surfing, I saw “The Stax Records Story” on PBS. So with a little effort to locate Great Performances, I was able to suggested the viewing of “Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story-The Birth Of Soul, plus “Wattstax”. Hopefully this young gentleman will have a better understanding of the impact that Isaac Hayes and Stax music had during that time in history. Thanks PBS and PBS.com for being availible.
    reed.dynamics….Orlando,Florida

    con

Produced by THIRTEEN    ©2014 Educational Broadcasting Corporation. All rights reserved.

PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.