1801 - 1850
1801 John Marshall is appointed Supreme Court chief justice.
1802 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes president of the Italian Republic.
1803 The Louisiana Purchase is made.
1808 The United States bans the international slave trade
1804-6 Lewis and Clark expedition takes place.
1807 Robert Fulton's steamship CLERMONT travels up the Hudson River from New York City to Albany.
1820 "Ballown," a kind of soccer, is played for the first time in the United States.
1820 1820 The Missouri Compromise is put into effect; slavery is banned north if 36' 30', except in Missouri; Maine becomes a free state.
1823 President Monroe states the Monroe Doctrine.
1823 Charles Babbage attempts to construct a calculating machine.
1825 The Erie Canal is opened.
1825 Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die on July fourth.
1828 Andrew Jackson elected seventh president.
1829 The Indian Removal Act clears the way for sending Native Americans west of the Mississippi.
1830 Peter Cooper builds a steam-powered train called TOM THUMB for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
1831 William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing the abolitionist paper The Liberator.
1833 Slavery ends in the British Empire.
1836 Martin Van Buren is elected the eighth president of the United States.
1837 Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke College, the first women's college.
1838 The slave Frederick Douglass flees the South to Massachusetts.
1838 Cherokees walk the Trait of Tears westward.
1841 Frederick Douglass speaks up at an abolitionist meeting on Nantucket Island.
1843 Henry Highland Garnet calls for a general slave rebellion during the year of a Hundred Conventions.
1844 James K. Polk elected the 11th president.
1844 The first telegraph message is sent in Morse code.
1845 3,000 pioneers take the Overland trails west.
1845 Frederick Douglass publishes his autobiography. It sells 30,000 copies.
1846-48 The Mexican-American War.
1847 Frederick Douglass begins publishing the abolitionist newspaper, THE NORTH STAR.
1848 The Seneca Falls Women's Rights Declaration is written.
1849 The California gold rush begins.
1850 The Fugitive Slave Law forbids helping runaways.
learn more at: www.pbs.org/historyofus
© 2002 Picture History and Educational
Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.