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Webisode 9: 1872-1913 Page: 1 | 2

Poor Carnegie
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"Poor Carnegie"
A cartoonist portrays Andrew Carnegie as a penniless tramp who has donated all his former money to charity. In reality Carnegie gave away about nine-tenths of his immense fortune, keeping the rest until his death in 1919.



A Carnegie Library
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A Carnegie Library
One of Andrew Carnegie's passions was for free public libraries. In his lifetime he endowed 2,811 libraries in the English-speaking world, at a cost of more than fifty million dollars. Pictured here is the Carnegie Public Library in Sioux Sainte Marie, Michigan, photographed in 1908.


University of Chicago
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University of Chicago
Here is the main building at the University of Chicago, founded by John D. Rockefeller in 1891. One of the most important new educational ventures of the late nineteenth century, Rockefeller called it "the best investment I ever made." He had put down $600,000 -- about $10 million in today's money.


Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
This lithograph from 1876 shows how Pittsburgh looked at the time Andrew Carnegie was building up his business there.


J.P. Morgan in New York City
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J.P. Morgan in New York City
Here is the New York mansion of J. P. Morgan, inside which Morgan and the nation's top bankers worked through the night of Saturday, October 19 to stabilize the panic of 1907.


The McCormick Factory
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The McCormick Factory
This is what McCormick's factory in Chicago looked like in 1907 -- it is almost a city unto itself.


Bricklayers Union
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Bricklayers Union
This is the Bricklayer's Union in Jacksonville, Florida at a meeting around 1900. The men's portrait is taken against a large brick wall.


Samuel Gompers
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Samuel Gompers
Samuel Gompers appears before a Federal Commission on industrial relations in 1915 in New York City. He had served as president of the A.F.L. (American Federation of Labor) since 1886, and would continue to, every year except one, until his death in 1924.


The Haymarket Riot
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The Haymarket Riot
The picture here, drawn from sketches and photographs taken on the scene, depicts the fateful moment in May, 1886 when a bomb exploded during a mass demonstration in Chicago's Haymarket Square. Though no one ever discovered who threw the bomb, it brought forth wild firing into the crowd by police officers present, resulting in the deaths of four civilians.


A Strike of Coal Miners
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A Strike of Coal Miners
A group of militant miners -- the "Molly McGuire" men -- meets during an 1874 strike in the Pennsylvania coal mines.



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