Freedom: A History of US.
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Webisode 7: What is Freedom?
Introduction Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5 Segment 6 Segment 7

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A Klan Attack
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Blacks had a set of ideas about freedom: it meant access to education, protection against violence, the right to work under conditions not just dictated to them Check The Source - "Sheep in the Midst of Wolves". It meant the same civil rights as white people had, and it meant access to land ownership Check The Source - Francis L. Cordoza: On Breaking Up of the Old Plantations. Most of these ideas Check The Source - "We Want Homesteads" were heavily opposed Check The Source - Rufus Saxton: On Whites and Blacks in the South by Southern whites. So how was freedom going to be instituted?

Across the South everything seemed in collapse. There was no government, no courts, no post offices, no sheriffs, no police. Guerrilla bands looted at will. Racist whites committed violence against blacks See It Now - A Klan Attack Check The Source - "To Kill a Negro They Do Not Deem Murder". Outside help was badly needed.

The time in the South after the Civil War, when people attempted to reorganize and remake the region—without slavery—is called Reconstruction. How did it go? With a whole lot of confusion. It was the most promising, despairing, noble, awful, idealistic, reactionary, hopeful, hopeless time in all of American history.

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Did You Know?
Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's vice president, had been a Tennessee senator who had refused to join the Confederacy when his state seceded.

Did you know that Freedom is adapted from the award-winning Oxford University Press multi-volume book series, A History of US by Joy Hakim?

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