Freedom: A History of US.
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Webisode 7: What is Freedom?
Introduction Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5 Segment 6 Segment 7

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Jim Crow Jubilee
Segment 6
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Jim Crow is now dancing across the South. Soon blacks and whites ride in separate railroad cars, go to separate schools, get buried in separate cemeteries, pray in separate churches, and eat in separate eating places. Blacks can do nothing about it. And now, they can't vote.

Are the Southern states defying the Constitution and its amendments? Of course they are! Listen again to the Fourteenth Amendment: "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

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Did You Know?
The former slaves expected to be given free land with their freedom. There was a rumor, and it was widely believed, that they would each get "forty acres and a mule." After all, African-Americans had worked for nothing for generations. Some congressmen—the Radical Republicans—tried to see that black people got land. But it didn't happen. Blacks got freedom—and poverty.

Did you know that Freedom is adapted from the award-winning Oxford University Press multi-volume book series, A History of US by Joy Hakim?

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