Separate But Equal
Some call the decade "the nifty fifties" and say it is a wonderful, carefree time. After all, there is a singer named Elvis Presley, a white southerner who sings black music with a special talent and energy . Elvis is called the king of rock and rolland rock and roll will soon shake, rattle, and roll all over the world . There are two new states in the 1950sHawaii and Alaska. Jobs are plentiful and many people have money to spend. There are hula hoops , a movie star named Marilyn Monroe, the Salk polio vaccineand television . In 1950 only ten percent of American homes have TV. Ten years later, ninety percent do! And TV is very democraticavailable to rich and poor . It gives us our first national community culture.
In 1953, a new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, who served as head of the Allied armies in Europe in the Second World War, brings the fighting in Korea to an end. Times are good. But not for everybody. Something in America is wrong. The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution promises equal protection to all citizens, and equal privileges. But those privileges, for some, are being abused .