Economic researchers are fond of a task they call the Ultimatum Game. They set up two volunteers who can work together to gain a reward – or not. One volunteer always has the option of not cooperating if the deal he is being offered doesn’t seem fair. In this video, scientist Keith Jensen (bio PDF) plays the game with Alan Alda and shows him the differences between how human beings and chimpanzees react to various offers. Keith’s results suggest that a sense of fairness – and a willingness to be spiteful! – might be an important aspect of the human spark.
Does Keith’s view of altruism and its vindictive flipside ring true to you?