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The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow A Century of Segregation
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Ways of Seeing
What does this image make you think?
This is a 19th-century drawing. What are your impressions about the character being portrayed? What other thoughts and emotions does this image inspire in you? Please note: Your comments will not be posted immediately.
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What others have said:

averi (February 22, 2005 at 9:19 PM EST):

I think all people should have rights - who cares about color.

Greg (February 22, 2005 at 9:11 PM EST):

I think that black people should have as many rights as white people. I also dont think we should be seperate.

Mike (February 15, 2005 at 9:03 PM EST):

I believe this is a offensive drawing, probably drawn by an ignorant person who believe that they are superior and cruelly stereotype African Americans based on nothing but ignorance.

Dawn (February 15, 2005 at 8:27 PM EST):

This picture makes me think that the African Americans were dirt poor because of the way this person is dressed. Also, it looks like the African American is happy even though he is dirt poor and treated horribly.

Marley (February 15, 2005 at 8:25 PM EST):

I really dislike the fact that this drawing portrays African Americans as poor fools in that era.

m&m (February 15, 2005 at 8:04 PM EST):

I think they were trying to show that black people were not as good as white people.

Biibaajii (October 2, 2003 at 10:12 PM EST):

How is this type of imagery different from that of making American Indians look 'stupid' as mascots for national and university sports teams?

shanda (October 2, 2003 at 10:12 PM EST):

I feel so ashamed of myself. It was only today that i even learned about the Jim Crow laws. The only reason that i decided to learn about the Jim Crow laws was because it was a school assignment. I feel so bad. I'm glad that I was able to come to this page and get an understanding. I have to agree with what the majority of people said on this page about how the picture makes black people look. I hate to say this, but many blacks are still being looked at the same way today (2003). I honestly feel that it will never change. Believe me when I say that I would love for everyone to look at each other the same way (as far as not thinking that one race was more superior than the other). It is going to have to take a lot of growing up to do on everyone's part.

Emily (October 2, 2003 at 10:10 PM EST):

I do not like the image in any way. It makes me tearful to see how whites portayed the African Americans in that era. African Americans have a strong culture that America should have embraced, instead of exploited.

Terry (October 2, 2003 at 10:09 PM EST):

This cartoon either makes fun of whites or blacks. Either way, the publisher of this site should not have published this picture.

LilTay23 (Georgia) (October 2, 2003 at 10:08 PM EST):

i think that this picture represents Jim Crow very well. This picture shows how African Americans were becoming strong by using what they were left with after the Civil War. And it shows that even though they were poor, they didn't let it bring them down.

daniela (October 2, 2003 at 10:08 PM EST):

This picture makes me feel as though whoever drew it, thought that the average black person is a clown and that they are ridiculous. I think that this picture is embarassing to both black people who were considered being like that, and to white people who feel the complete opposite of this author.

Lauren (October 2, 2003 at 10:07 PM EST):

I think the person who drew this picture was a black person trying to show how happy he was, or how happy he will be later (because he's pointing up to heaven and he knows everything will turn out ok in the end). Even though he looks poor and his clothes are kind of ratty, he has a happy spirit and he will be free some day.

M. E. Greer (October 2, 2003 at 10:05 PM EST):

This illustration depicts a black man in the character of a minstrel.... It shows that even though he wasn't finely dressed and obviously being black in those days wasn't to anyone's advantage, this character seems to be taking it all in stride. The head up, smile on face and body in a joyful position. To me this character represents the spirit of the black man in those days... He may have been put down...but he kept his spirits high! I truly believe that African Americans have maintaned the ability to be high spirited people and all through the Grace of God through Christ Jesus! He gives us the Victory.... I suppose the author of this cartoon...did not have this in mind but this is my theory...I take the perspective of a strong proud black woman who knows that sometimes you have to smile, laugh and look happy to keep from doing or saying something that could effect your very life.

Carole H (October 2, 2003 at 10:02 PM EST):

The character in the picture, like many of the movie roles for the first half of the 20th century, seems to convey blacks as non-threatening and easy to dance and laugh. The characters do not embody truly human characteristics: wisdom, intelligence, true human emotion and independence. I believe that by portraying blacks this way, it lessens the feelings of guilt for whites for the inequities the blacks were, and continue to be, subject to.

Al (October 2, 2003 at 10:01 PM EST):

This is a horrific picture portraying black stereotypes in an age of hatred. His body structure suggests some kind of distortion, the way he looks up also suggests some kind of inferiority that he has not accepted, but understood, and the white man who drew this obviously sees superiority to the black whom he draws here. This not only portrays blacks as poor, ragged and dirty, but also as happy where they are, stupid and unaware of their real conditions.

Tiffany (October 2, 2003 at 10:00 PM EST):

This image shows the black man with ratty raggy clothes and patches, but although he is not looking too fancy he is still smiling looking like he is about to dance and sing... I think it is the opposite of what everyone else said, I think they are showing people that no matter how low blacks' lives could get they always keep the faith going.

Hilary (October 2, 2003 at 9:58 PM EST):

This image of Jim Crow really makes you wonder if slave owners actually believed that life on the plantation was a joy for a slave. I think that with images like this one, the white majority was trying to justify their actions by depicting a jovial enslaved individual. It appears as if the slave is happy, which would lead one to believe that slavery was his calling. As we know, this was completely false. But with propoganda like this, the white majority was essentially advertising the willingness and docileness of the slave.

Jamil (October 2, 2003 at 9:57 PM EST):

The message to this picture is simple: black people are ignorant, poor, and stupid that don't deserve equal rights.

Kari Giles (January 30, 2003 at 6:14 PM EST):

I did a research paper on minstrel shows and rap music today (a very interesting topic), and I studied Jim Crow a lot. The mannerisms, the ideas, the whole "person" of Jim Crow was to symbolize, I believe, the way that Black people were to be viewed in those times. Jim Crow mocked Black people who wanted to be free, not only by law but in life, only portraying African-Americans as ignorant, uneducated, unable to formulate intelligent ideas...Sometimes in the minstrel shows these supposed correct portrayals of Blacks (which were played by Whites in blackface, and later some Blacks) dialoging with each other about how much they longed for the days of old slavery and plantation life. Ultimately, the picture implies ignorance, sub-humanity even, and an overall inequality/inferiority to Whites. I agree with the others who wrote before me too. The artist has given Jim Crow a wild, blank stare in his eyes, looking quite crazy, careless. His body is also very deformed, as to suggest again sub, even possibly inhumanity.

erica (January 30, 2003 at 6:13 PM EST):

I think that the artist who drew this cartoon was white and they embellished certain characteristics and features to make fun of the African-American race. This is like how Thomas Rice ridiculed African-Americans in his minstrel shows.

Alex (January 30, 2003 at 6:11 PM EST):

The wide-eyed, crazy looking black, with his over-emphasized lips and his disproportionate body parts, is a statement made by whites about black inferiority. The poor man's tattered clothes signify poverty; his posture denotes effemininity.

KW (January 30, 2003 at 6:08 PM EST):

This African-American is the stereotypical Black in these days. His poor economic status explains his dress in rags as compared to his white "employer" and he does not look intelligent which explains the comical and dumbfounded look on his face. However, on a contrasting note, this icon also shows the free-spirit some Blacks felt about their situation and making the best of it because in a way, he does seem to be dancing.

sophie (January 30, 2003 at 6:07 PM EST):

I believe that this picture ridicules blacks. It portrays blacks as dirty, immoral and foul. I believe that the white creator was trying to mock blacks and also trying to make whites feel superior.

Allison Ho (January 30, 2003 at 6:07 PM EST):

This picture reminds me of the minstrel shows that whites put on which mocked the black way of life. This comic stereotypes all of the blacks' qualities.

Elika (January 30, 2003 at 6:06 PM EST):

This picture demonstrates the ridicule and positions imposed on the blacks; as inferior people who served as entertainment for the whites. This image inspires in me a sense of distaste for the poor treatment these people had to suffer.

kmj (January 30, 2003 at 6:06 PM EST):

i think the picture shows the way whites saw blacks and what came to mind when they thought of blacks.

Ishmil Jones (January 30, 2003 at 6:05 PM EST):

I think the man in the picture is not really the way he seems. I think he's not happy at all. He's trying to hide what he really feels inside.

Natalie (January 30, 2003 at 6:05 PM EST):

This s a negative image of African Americans during the Jim Crow Era. This simply potrays African Americans as pure entertainment and enjoyment for whites. Society continues to hold this same stereotype being as how African Americans today are still entertainers and athletes. Not all African Americans consider themselves as silly or useless as this picture depicts.

Wayne (January 30, 2003 at 6:04 PM EST):

In Observation to the illustration, we can see a stricking parallel in today's society. As the saying goes "What you can't physically control, you try to destroy it's psyche, and intellect". We as a black people, far before slavery reached the shores of America, have been very brilliant kings, statesmen, and the like. Our roots are even mentioned in the Bible. To make a long story short, the portrayal was to show how the "Black Man", as the man is the strength of the family, is belittled, made to be inferior to White America, and only through an artist's mind, can such imagery be placed in a medium to get such damaging reviews, it's how wars are won, leaflets are dropped, same propaganda, used to sublimately win over even those that at that time were not "true racist", but because of fear, would give into such tactics. We still see these practices this day.......

CarterCE (January 30, 2003 at 6:03 PM EST):

The illustration shows, not only what many whites thought the image of the negro was, but what they wanted the negro to believe about himself. In that particular time period (as it still is to some extent today) a major preoccupation of most whites was that they were better and better off than the negro. The negro could never be allowed to feel that he was better than or even equal to the white person. There was a certain social role the negro had to play; and there was a certain position in society that the negro was forced by custom and law to occupy. The tattered clothes of the negro seem to symbolize an inherent poverty and dependency on the white for survival (food, shelter, clothing, employment, etc., etc.); the smile and dancing seem to symbolize the stereotypical perception by whites of the negro that the negro is care-free, irresponsible and almost child-like in his mind-set and demeanor. Such an individual would always be inferior to and dependent on the white person. Sadly to say, some of these negative traits and characteristics are displayed by many young blacks today who have obviously bought into this negative stereotyping. They wear this bufoonery like a badge of honor. They call one another "dog" and address one another by the "N" word. Even with the status of a "free" person they have embraced negative imagery, and in their foolishness attempted to raise it to the level of respectability. They are, for the most part, the modern-day minstrel.

kATIE (January 30, 2003 at 5:46 PM EST):


Darima (December 18, 2002 at 10:23 PM EST):

This picture of Jim Crow as a comedian does not flatter African Americans. It is not appropriate. He looks like a raggedy scarecrow with a large posterior.

Charles Adams (December 18, 2002 at 10:21 PM EST):


Hector (December 18, 2002 at 10:21 PM EST):

I believe that the picture is trying to say that the Black man looks up to the white man to even say hello and that is why the Black man is looking up.

Sarah (December 18, 2002 at 10:19 PM EST):

I think that this is an example of caricuture of an African American drawn probably during slavery times. I think that this is an example of how whites ridiculed blacks with such instruments of caricatures and minstrel shows. It is a shame that drawings liks these were widely publicized and accepted one time in America, for their sole purpose is to ridicule and make a mockery of the black man.

Kimberly S. (December 18, 2002 at 10:18 PM EST):

Although the man in the picture seems jolly, his dress and stance make him look broke and stupid. He is looking upwards--not downwards, and this implies that he is inferior and looking up at/to someone. To be honest, I don't really like the picture, and I don't think that I'm supposed to like it. It is a mocking caricature of black people in the 19th century, and it does not instigate any laughter on my part.

Arielle (November 15, 2002 at 12:13 AM EST):

They were just trying to say that no one wanted to give the blacks equal rights, and that they hated them just because their skin color was different.

Quintaro (November 15, 2002 at 12:10 AM EST):

I think he looks happy. He has a little grin on his face and it looks almost like he is in movement, as though he were dancing. But of course like most of you have done is look at the bad side to things that have happened in the past and present. And I compliment Nicole's response.

Steph M. (November 15, 2002 at 12:06 AM EST):

I think the picture is what the whites thought the blacks looked like.They didn't have a lot of money and the whites always teased them. From the picture above you can see that the blacks' clothes were ripped and had patches on the pants to cover the holes. Also from the picture it looks like he had been beaten. Although he is smiling his hand is on his butt, which makes me think he was beaten because his back is arched a lot. This picture also looks like a puppet. it really describes how people can only control what they think, but they can't control what is really happening with the world.

E. Nygma (November 15, 2002 at 12:04 AM EST):

While everyone considers this picture to be terrible and awful (which it is) think of the fact that it was a different time. We all like to think we would have been anti-slavery during this time period but it is impossible to tell if we were correct in our assumptions.

Ryan (November 15, 2002 at 12:04 AM EST):

I believe that this picture was created by a white person of southern decsent. The drawing portrayed the African Americans as an asinine and idiotic race who cared nothing for their own appearance. This was a disgusting and morally incorrect piece of propaganda.

Jamie F. and Laura M. (November 15, 2002 at 12:03 AM EST):

We think that this image represents a part of the blacks and a part of the whites. The blacks part are the patched up, worn-out pants. The whites part is the clean, nice-looking, shirt and jacket. This whole picture shows the segregation between the two.

Stephanie Leary (November 15, 2002 at 12:03 AM EST):

What I get out of this picture was mostly showing what whites thought of them. Going by the picture, it looks as though whites thought blacks were "less" then them.. that the whites were so superior. It seems like they did not take the blacks seriously.

Emily Cusick (November 4, 2002 at 7:20 PM EST):

I belive this picture could mean two things. One: The whites are trying to show how they feel about the black people- raggedy clothes, crazy, unresponsible, poor, worthless people, controlled by the whites. Or, two: It could have been done by a black person, showing that no matter how they get treated, or how much they whites make fun of them, or threaten them, they will always have their inner spirit. No white person can take that away.

Deanna (November 4, 2002 at 7:12 PM EST):

I think that this picture was drawn by a white Southerner. I think they were trying to make people think that African Americans can't be civil people because of the way they look in that picture.

sevin( from wadleigh 8th grade) (November 4, 2002 at 7:06 PM EST):

I think that the whites were trying to say that black people had no right to do antything and that the outcome of the civil war was wrong.So since the blacks got their freedom the whites thought they had the right to do anything they wanted to do to the blacks which included lynchings and other things.They also tried to stereotype the blacks and call them crazy!!!!

Zeph (October 24, 2002 at 2:50 PM EST):

I believe that this picture was made to make fun of or mock African Americans. I think the picture was drawn after African Americans were freed to show what white people thought of them.

Erin G. (October 24, 2002 at 2:49 PM EST):

I think that this picture, like any other political comic, is trying to make light of a serious situation. When black people were freed from slavery, they presented a new force to be reckoned with socially and economically. A majority of white southern males saw the new black "citizens" as intimidating. The artist of this picture might have been trying to reduce the fear of the black population by making them seem poor, helpless, happy, and harmless.

rodjuan (October 18, 2002 at 3:18 PM EST):

This drawing depicts the end result of years of back breaking oppression. It indicates that the true objective of defeating a people is to reduce the male to a clown. Observe the black youth of today, with their pants hanging off their butts, while freely advertising (smiling) the labels of the oppressors. Notice the broken back pose of the drawing, this points to the broken black family of which the female is the backbone. This drawing does not have to be, but it will be if we as a people don't take stock of our destiny. Peace.

Greg (October 17, 2002 at 4:49 PM EST):

I think that the picture portrays a cruel image of African Americans. This is how white people liked to percieve them, but was not acutally right.

David C (October 17, 2002 at 4:48 PM EST):

I believe that this is a picture drawn by a white man after the African Americans where freed, and it was the portrayal he conceived out of jealousy and fear. I also believe that the catoonist was trying to portray African Americans as crazy, inferior,and not able to be civilized. I think that he was trying to make other people fear African Americans and get a bad impression of them.

Stephanie (October 17, 2002 at 4:46 PM EST):

I think that this picture was drawn by a white person to mock African Americans. His clothes are raggedy and patched and that might have been how African Americans dressed then because they didn't have a lot of money.

Maria (October 17, 2002 at 4:45 PM EST):

I believe that this drawing shows that whites thought African Americans were -- useless. Whites thought African Americans were poor, pointless people and that should not exist.

Catherine H (October 17, 2002 at 4:44 PM EST):

This drawing is depicting the image of African Americans in a white mind in the 19th century. The illustration demonstrates that the idea at the time was that African Americans were unfocused and had no sense of responsibility and spent their days being unproductive. The ripped clothes show that the illustrator was most likely white because of the degree to which the detail is portrayed.

TIMMY (October 17, 2002 at 4:42 PM EST):

I think this picture portrays the white perspective of what blacks where like in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Jessica (October 17, 2002 at 4:40 PM EST):

I think that this picture represents that blacks were the ones whites didn't respect. Like how it maybe made the whites realize that they were better then blacks. That whites didn't take anything they said seriously and maybe that's why they were always getting hurt or killed.

Brendan Hildum (October 16, 2002 at 9:58 PM EST):

I think that this picture was probably drawn by a white man. This person was most likely thinking that white people are superior to blacks and that the black people don't care what they look like, they are poor and they aren't very smart.

Becca (October 16, 2002 at 9:57 PM EST):

I think that this picture shows the general feeling of dislike towards African Americans of the time period. The man pictured looks goofy, which I think expresses the thoughts of African Americans being inferior and uneducated. What I don't understand is that the man seems to have a smile on his face, and if I had been living during that time there's no way I think I would ever be able to smile.

J. Mack (October 16, 2002 at 9:56 PM EST):

This image was obviously created to remove the guilt from the minds of the white masses. This picture says to white America, "look how happy and carefree the African in America is. He is smiling although he has nothing but masses of clothes on his back." This picture says to white America that Africans in America are perfectly happy and content, therefore, we couldn't be doing anything wrong to them. If you pay close attention to the images of Africans in the media today, unfortunately, not much has changed.

shanae (October 15, 2002 at 8:42 PM EST):

He looks to be dancing a jig and clowning around like we were thought to always be doing at the time ... and still doing now in the minds of some. Can you think of anyone nowadays who would be dancing and smiling if he had to live in the deplorable conditions blacks lived in, breaking their backs daily without reaping any benefits? I don't think so.

E.Menefee (October 15, 2002 at 3:13 PM EST):

This photo portrays the view of most white Americans during a mixed-up young America's growth. A time when men and women for whatever reason could not see beyond one's skin color or hair texture to realize that even animals have God-given rights. So to avoid having to declare that these people (Negroes) have feelings and are just as human as whites, they focused on the one emotion that blacks were allowed to express -- ignorance in the face of adversity. These whites that I refer to wanted to imprint the image of the dancing and singing darkie who danced and sang no matter what inhumane treatment was bestowed upon him. Thank God there were people of all colors and hair textures who could see the injustices that were being imposed on other humans. I implore anyone who reads this to reflect on how much America has grown and what you can do to help America and the world move toward being more tolerant.

Monica (October 15, 2002 at 3:06 PM EST):

In this drawing I think that the whites were trying to portray their thoughts/feelings about black people. This drawing obviously shows that whites viewed blacks as inferior, poor (the ripped clothing), unintelligent, giddy, and carefree.

Matt (October 15, 2002 at 3:05 PM EST):

I believe that this picture is degrading to African Americans. It seems to show poverty with the tattered clothing. I also think that it is saying that African Americans are clowns and silly by the expression on the person's face and the way he is standing. I also wonder what he is looking up at, maybe at a white person. I would say if he was looking up at a white person that would represent his inferiority. This is a very bothersome character portrayal by a twisted artist.

Andrew A. (October 15, 2002 at 3:04 PM EST):

I think that a jealous white person drew this picture. It seems that the person in the picture is happy and is holding his hand in front of his face. By the man's facial expressions I think that he is saying something like, "Whatever you do isn't going to affect me," and that comment upset the white man. The white man could have thought that if he made fun of the African American than it would be degrading for him, which would make the white man feel superior over the African American.

Ben Linder (October 15, 2002 at 3:03 PM EST):

I think that this cartoon is trying to show and promote the idea that black people are "inferior" and unintelligent, which is obiously not true. I also think that the cartoonist was trying to reassure white supremacists that they were right and that being racist was the correct thing to do. I think that it's also just mocking African Americans in general, and perhaps attempting to show that black people were proportioned "incorrectly" and that they could not even control their bodily movements. Or maybe the artist just really stunk.

Tab (October 15, 2002 at 3:01 PM EST):

I feel this so-called portrait of an African American was done in an attempt to portray us as clowns, a sad, inferior people happy with that so-called inferority (note the smile on the Jester's face). Of course, we know that this was simply done out of fear as well as a means to attempt to brainwash our young into believing that they were subhuman and nothing but niggers. Sadly enough, although not as blatant, these same images exist today. Just turn on the TV and see the African American the media chooses to interview on the 6 o'clock news ... Need I say more?

Vance (October 10, 2002 at 10:32 PM EST):

I believe that the picture is saying that no matter the condition or how oppressive the situation, you can't break our inner strength or inner spirit. During that era, they did see many of our people laughing or happy (granted, not all the time) in spite of the circumstance. Unfortunately, they thought that we were happy or content in this oppressive situation, which couldn't be farther from the truth.

Free minded African American (October 10, 2002 at 3:05 PM EST):

I'm not as concerned for the image as I am the creator of the image. This type of image is one of the most pure examples of a sick and demented mentality as you can find. How can you be part of a society which proudly proclaims that all men are created equal, while at the same time you slaughter the native inhabitants and forcibly bring over a free people to place them in bondage. This picture is an indictment to those who create and perpetuate this type of imagery. Jim Crow allowed the lowliest and most indigent White American person to feel that they were a little bit better because they weren't African American. Jim Crow flourished, because the common man of the time wanted it to. And for that same reason, that's why prejudice and racism still exist today.

JP (October 10, 2002 at 3:05 PM EST):

I think that the racist whites made this picture to degrade the African Americans and portray them as Jesters.

obmij (October 10, 2002 at 3:04 PM EST):

I think they are making fun of this person by making it seem like even though they are below normal, that they are "happy" to be what America calls a Nigger.

Bones (October 9, 2002 at 2:57 PM EST):

I'm embarased not to have taken a more active role in the pursuit of knowledge about our(every race) history.I wish everyone,including myself,would find the integrity to face the past so it won't be our future.

ahsan raza (October 9, 2002 at 2:57 PM EST):

This is a typical drawing to degrade and make the group appear as "less than" I have found similar drawings in Japan in the last five years, so the degrading of ethnic groups go on and on.

Shayla C. (October 7, 2002 at 9:17 PM EST):

I think that that we do not realize what our ancestors has been through and we take things for granted and we don't relize the importance of knowing your history, If we don't be careful we are doomed to repeat it

nicole (October 7, 2002 at 9:16 PM EST):

He seems to look happier than any picture of a white person I've ever seen. Maybe even though he dosent have everything white people have, he still has the strength to be happy.

Tim (Kuumbaman) (October 7, 2002 at 9:15 PM EST):

Consider the sources of this type of representation. It's an attempt to create someone (or something) they can always consider themselves better than. Everyday, even to this day, whites realize their deepest fears, when we achieve, despite the obstacles they place in our way. This causes them to have to face up and acknowledge the many lies passed to them by those who nurtured them. Realizing truth has actually become a threat to their psyche, self-esteem, and heritage. So many whites were born into and died out of this world, without even a single challenge to their self-righteous reasonings. Those alive today are left to realize the full impact of what damage centuries of lies can do; not only to the target of the lies, but to the liar, too.

Haley, college junior (October 2, 2002 at 2:25 PM EST):

I did a research paper on minstrel shows and rap music today (a very interesting topic), and I studied Jim Crow a lot. The mannerisms, the ideas, the whole "person" of Jim Crow was to symbolize, I believe, the way that Black people were to be viewed in those times. Jim Crow mocked Black people who wanted to be free, not only by law but in life, only portraying African-Americans as ignorant, uneducated, unable to formulate intelligent ideas...Sometimes in the minstrel shows these supposed correct portrayals of Blacks (which were played by Whites in blackface, and later some Blacks) dialoging with each other about how much they longed for the days of old slavery and plantation life. Ultimately, the picture implies ignorance, sub-humanity even, and an overall inequality/inferiority to Whites. I agree with the others who wrote before me too. The artist has given Jim Crow a wild, blank stare in his eyes, looking quite crazy, careless. His body is also very deformed, as to suggest again sub, even possibly inhumanity.

Ricky F. (October 2, 2002 at 2:23 PM EST):

This cartoon shows a blackman that appears to have no control over himself. But what about control over his mind. For example slaves used to pack meat in ice to keep from spoiling. But on July 14th 1891 John Stanard invented the Refrigerator. Now thats Cool thinking for a blackman...

Joanna (October 2, 2002 at 2:23 PM EST):

I feel that this image makes the black man look like a ragged, tattered, senseless and childlike person. It shows inferiority and incompetence in the character. This is definitely a derrogatory image.

Hafiz (October 2, 2002 at 2:22 PM EST):

The elements that produced this sick drawing still lives in the minds of many, sadly said!

Jay (October 2, 2002 at 2:22 PM EST):

The picture containes a black man with obviously rathr dirty and torn clothes. In this time period some whites would put on shows dressed up as blacks to ammuse the whites. They were ridiculed and that they couldn't hold up to the standards of the whites and were superior.

Kennie (October 1, 2002 at 11:20 PM EST):

If u look at the cartoon closely, it almost looks like a puppet, meaning that he has no control over his action because he is being control by an outside source that may not have his best interest in mind. He is portrayed as a mindless non-human, something to be mocked at or ridiculed.

Erika (October 1, 2002 at 4:44 PM EST):

This picture says that maybe whites thought that blacks were crazy and wouldn't be able to handle the responsibility of voting.

Miranda (October 1, 2002 at 2:37 PM EST):

I think that the whites were trying to say that the blacks were crazy.

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