Can Animals Predict Disaster?

Additional Web and Print Resources

Web Resources:

Animals and Earthquakes
http://animalsandearthquakes.com
Learn more about scientific studies on animal behavior preceding earthquakes. Read interviews with James Berkland and Motoji Ikeya, both featured in the film.

Infrasound
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrasound
Get the lowdown on low sounds from Wikipedia.

Fauna Communications
http://www.animalvoice.com/
Learn more about Liz von Muggenthaler’s studies on animal commmunication.

Elephant Rumbles

http://www.pbs.org/saf/1308/segments/1308-2.htm

Caitlin O’Connell-Rodwell, featured in the film, tests an elephant’s ability to “hear” with her feet.

Four Ears to the Ground
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1134/is_3_111/ai_84545901
Explore elephants’ abilities to “hear” and communicate with infrasound.

Hippos and Infrasound
http://acp.eugraph.com/elephetc/hippo.html
Learn how hippos communicate above and below water via infrasound.

Indonesian Tsunami Infrasound
http://www.aip.org/149th/garces.html
Listen to the infrasound generated by 2004′s Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

Can Animals Sense Earthquakes?
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/11/1111_031111_earthquakeanimals.html
The belief that animals can predict earthquakes has been around for centuries.

Shark’s Sixth Sense
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BQK/is_3_10/ai_n13778822
Find out more about shark behavior prior to Hurricane Charley in August 2004.

Books:

Hickman, Pamela. ANIMAL SENSES: HOW ANIMALS SEE, HEAR, TASTE, SMELL AND FEEL. Minneapolis: Kids Can Press, 1999.

Hough, Susan Elizabeth. EARTHSHAKING SCIENCE: WHAT WE KNOW (AND DON’T KNOW) ABOUT EARTHQUAKES. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Ikeya, Motoji. EARTHQUAKES AND ANIMALS: FROM FOLK LEGENDS TO SCIENCE. Osaka: Osaka University, 2004.

Kaner, Etta. ANIMAL TALK: HOW ANIMALS COMMUNICATE THROUGH SIGHT, SOUND AND SMELL. Minneapolis: Kids Can Press, 2002.

O’Connell, Caitlin. THE ELEPHANT’S SECRET SENSE: THE HIDDEN LIFE OF THE WILD HERDS OF AFRICA. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Tibballs, Geoff. TSUNAMI: THE MOST TERRIFYING DISASTER. New York: Carlton Books, 2005.

Turner, Matt. ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ANIMALS UNDER THREAT). New York: Heinemann Library, 2005.