Discover how cows have altered human life, human biology, and the geography of the world.
About 8,000 years ago, the relationship between cows and man began with the revolutionary advent of domestication in Mesopotamia, the Indus River Valley, and Africa. There were many possible candidates for the job but only the cow fit the specific criteria humankind needed: not too flighty, breeds well in captivity, grows at a good pace, not aggressive, requires a low maintenance diet. Our ancestors chose wisely: Cows provide just about all of our basic needs, from milk and meat to muscle.
Today there are about 1.5 billion cows in the world. In many different countries humans and cows have formed close relationships. In England, dairy farmer Mark Evans spends all of his waking time with his cows, milking, feeding, and otherwise nurturing them. The African Masai tribe believes that all cattle were given to them from the great god N’gai at the beginning of time — a belief which today remains at the heart of their culture. India is home to a quarter of the world’s cow population. One major reason for this is that India’s majority Hindu community reveres cows and considers them to be “second mothers.”
NATURE’s Holy Cow explores how we’ve changed the cow and how the cow has changed us.
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Online content for Holy Cow was originally posted February 2004.
Production Credits Print
Written and Directed by
Films at 59
Costume & Make Up
Ashbrittle Film Foundation
Cotteswold Dairy Ltd
Indian Institute of Animal Welfare
Three Counties Agricultural Society
The Lasater Ranch
American Hereford Association
The Lewis Family
National Archives at College Park, Maryland
FOR DEVILLIER DONEGAN ENTERPRISES
JULIE SCHAPIRO THORMAN
PATRICK GAMBUTI, JR.
Executive In Charge
A Co-Production of Icon Films, Thirteen/WNET New York and Devillier Donegan Enterprises
© 2004 Thirteen/WNET New York and Icon Films All Rights Reserved
This program was produced by Thirteen/WNET New York, which is solely responsible for its content.
DANIEL B. GREENBERG
MARY HOPE GARCIA
About the Writer
David Malakoff is a journalist covering research discoveries and the politics of science for SCIENCE MAGAZINE in Washington, D.C. His writing has appeared in a wide range of venues, including THE ECONOMIST, THE WASHINGTON POST, and ABCNews.com.
Thirteen Online is a production of Thirteen/WNET New York’s Kravis Multimedia Education Center in New York City. Dan Goldman, Executive Director, thirteen.org. Bob Adleman, Business Manager.