“The Red Deer Cervus elaphus” – World Deer
This Web site provides information on red deer, including habitat, behavior, and physical description.
“Cervus elaphus” – University of Michigan, Animal Diversity Web
Additional information on red deer can be found on this site.
“Land of plenty: Austria’s red deer feast on handouts and live half the year in fenced enclosures. Can they still fend for themselves?” – Natural History Magazine
This article discusses red deer’s dependence on winter food handouts.
“OECD: Global warming could spell ruin for Alps” – Telegraph.co.uk
This news piece discusses the ramifications of climate change on the European ski industry in the Alps.
“Best Males Have Less Successful Daughters” – Science Daily
This article relates the results of a study, published in the periodical Nature, that found that the red deer males with the most mating success tended to have less fertile female offspring.
“Why Female Deer Like A Stag To Be A Big Noise In The Forest” – Science Daily
According to researchers at the University of Sussex, the quality of a male red deer’s mating call is an important factor in sexual selection.
“Right of Way” – Audubon Magazine
“Every year, all kinds of wildlife, including many endangered species, are killed crossing America’s highways. Now biologists and land planners are teaming up to design ecofriendly roads that animals can traverse without having to risk life and limb.”
“Conservationists Blaze Trails for Wildcats” – Spiegel Online
“Biologists are planning what promises to be Central Europe’s biggest conservation project. They intend to connect all of Germany’s major national parks with woodland corridors to ensure the survival of endangered forest creatures. The wildcat is the poster child of Germany’s new environmental offensive.”
“Of Moose and Mud” – U.S. Department of Transportation
“Why did the moose cross the road? The answer, according to researchers, often is to visit a wet, muddy, mineral deposit on the other side.”
BOOKS & PRINT
Clutton-Brock, T. H., F. E. Guinness, and S. D. Albon. Red Deer: Behavior and Ecology of Two Sexes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
Krajick, Kevin. “Climate Change: All Downhill From Here?” Science. 12 Mar 2004. Vol. 303. no. 5664, pp. 1600-1602. [Discusses effects of climate change on high-mountain ecosystems.]