An unidentified Boston Marathon runner, center, is reunited with loved ones near Copley Square following an explosion in Boston Monday, April 15, 2013.
On this day in 1886, the 151-foot-tall Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Grover Cleveland. It was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States to commemorate the Franco-American alliance during the American Revolution.
She was originally called “Liberty Enlightening the World” and was sculpted by Frederic-August Bartholdi. Her framework of steel supports was designed by Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, the masterminds behind the Eiffel Tower.
The original understanding was that the French would finance the construction and assemble the statue once it arrived, and the Americans would be responsible for building the pedestal, but funding troubles plagued both countries during the project. To raise money, the arm and head of the statue, which was still not fully designed, were put on display at the Paris World’s Fair, Madison Square Park in New York City and at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pa., to elicit donations and engender public support. At the Philadelphia exposition, visitors could climb inside the arm to the balcony for 50 cents.
In May 1884, the statue was completed in France. It was then disassembled and shipped to America in 350 pieces, which were packed in over 200 packing crates.It was reassembled onto the newly completed pedestal in just four months in 1886, and on the afternoon of October 28, it was dedicated. When originally revealed, the statue was a dull copper color, but by 1906 had been entirely covered in a green patina, created by the oxidation of the copper skin of the statue.
After battling a rare form of pancreatic cancer for several years, Apple co-founder and technology visionary Steve Jobs passed away Wednesday night at the age of 56.
Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited for revolutionizing computing, design, entertainment and communication through Apple products like the iPhone, iPod and iPad. Jobs also headed the Pixar animation company, which has produced critically acclaimed animated features for more than 15 years. Jobs resigned as Apple CEO in August due to his ailing health.
In a 2005 commencement speech delivered to a graduating class at Stanford University, Jobs shared his philosophies on life and his work in the face of his illness:
When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “no” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.
Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
Tributes to Jobs have poured in since the news of his death. Among them:
“Steve Jobs, 1955-2011” from Wired Magazine
“Timeline: Steve Jobs, the Man at Apple’s Core” from NPR
“Steve Jobs and the idea of letting go” from the Washington Post
“Steve Jobs: The Beginning, 1955-1985,” “Steve Jobs: The Wilderness, 1985-1997” and “Steve Jobs: The Return, 1997-2011” from BusinessWeek