On this day in 1889, the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened its doors in Paris' Montmartre district. Patrons were treated to courtesans dancing the can-can, a huge dance floor, stage shows, galleries and a gigantic elephant in the garden, where men could climb inside for private shows. All classes of French society, from aristocrats to riffraff, passed beneath the iconic red windmill to enjoy the cabaret's many attractions. Photo: Moritz Hammer
A Hungarian soldier wearing chemical protection gear walks through a street flooded by contaminated mud in the town of Devecser, Hungary, on Tuesday, Oct. 5, 2010. A rupture of a red sludge reservoir at an alumina plant Monday sent toxic sludge racing through nearby villages, killing four people and injuring 120. Photo: AP/Bela Szandelszky
On this day in 1927, Gutzon Borglum and 400 workers began sculpting the 60-foot carvings of U.S. presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln into Mount Rushmore in South Dakota. In July 2005, Jens Kranhold (pictured cleaning Abraham Lincoln's nose) and a crew from Germany along with National Park Service workers began cleaning the monument for the first time since it was completed in 1941. Photo: AP/Charlie Riedel
A monorail glides past Future World's iconic 18-story-high globe days before the October 1, 1982, grand opening of EPCOT Center, Walt Disney's showcase of American science and industry. Photo: AP
On this day in 1982, the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, better known as EPCOT, opened to the public at the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida. Originally designed as a utopian city of the future, it was supposed to be a model community, home to 20,000 residents, transported by monorails and PeopleMovers between recreational complexes, business and commercial areas and residential neighborhoods. It was to serve as a testing ground for city planning and organization. What it became was the second theme park built on the Walt Disney World property.
Yankee shortstop Phil Rizzuto sails over the head of Dodger first baseman Jackie Robinson at second base in the first inning of the sixth game of the World Series in 1947. Not only was this the first World Series ever televised, it was also the first involving an African-American player. Photo: AP/Harry Harris
Standing next to Freddie the bull is Swallow, an 11-year-old cow from West Yorkshire in northern England. At 33 inches from hind to foot, she has been named the world's smallest cow by Guinness World Records. Photo: Guinness World Records
It may be World Rabies Day, but this baby pipistrelle bat in Murcia, Spain, has no plans to bite you anytime soon. He prefers juicy moths and insects. The jerky flight pattern of the pipistrelle has earned it the nickname "flittermouse." Photo: Simon Holliday
The shoes of a "Clown Engineer" as he works to ready the "Life Size Mousetrap" at the World Maker Faire in Queens, New York. The 25-ton contraption endeavors to achieve a chain reaction much like the classic board game using Newtonian physics and bowling balls. Photo: Jed Dore
Jim Henson with his "Muppets" pose at Henson's 69th Street office in New York City on Feb. 6, 1984. Photo: AP/G. Paul Burnett
Jim Henson is one of the most widely known puppeteers in history. He was born September 24, 1936. In 1966, he was approached by public television producer Joan Ganz Cooney to create a family of characters for a new children’s television show that, through skits, songs and performances, would teach children more than just letters and numbers, but cooperation, understanding, tolerance and respect. He created a big bird, some blue monsters, a few strangely shaped people and a big grouch. Ernie and Bert, Oscar the Grouch, Grover, Cookie Monster and 8-foot-2 Big Bird continue to educate and delight the viewers of “Sesame Street” today, almost 40 years later. Read All »
Need to Know is a production of Creative News Group (CNG) in association with WNET. Marc Rosenwasser is Executive Producer. Need to Know is made possible by Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Mutual of America, Citi Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Foundation, Margaret A. Cargill Foundation, The Corporation for Public Broadcasting and PBS.