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Timeline: Huberman, a New Orchestra and World War II

The protagonist of Orchestra of Exiles is the great violinist Bronislaw Huberman (1882–1947). He dedicated years of his musical career not to performing, but to saving musicians and music culture before the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust. World events and a late formal education politicized the renowned artist, who openly rebuked Germany when the Nazis took power and began oppressing Jewish citizens. Pivotal events in Huberman’s life as a musician and founder of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra are shared in the timeline, below. The chronicle of music and politics also notes key events in relevant world history, such as the German government’s actions against Jews leading up to the Holocaust, and the political conditions in Palestine that delayed and even threatened the founding of the new orchestra there in 1936. Though no longer known by its original name, this is the classical music history that gave birth to the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.




  • Boaz Anin

    Jacob Surowicz (mentioned in “Building the orchestra”, 1936) played a central role in the formation of the orchestra. Auditions were held at his home in Warsaw as early as 1934. One of his daughters (Lea, born 1925) lives in Tel Aviv.

  • Gary Mal

    I know that my relative (my grandmother’s brother) played violin in that orchestra. His last name was Garter, and he was originally from Ukraine. He attended Stolyarskiy violin school in Odessa and immigrated to Palestine in early 1920s.
    In 1960s he still was playing in Tel Aviv Symphony. The orchestra was scheduled for the tour in USSR (Odessa was on their list), but the 6-day war started and we lost all information about him.
    I’m looking for any information about that person / his relatives.
    If you have any info please e-mail me at studiobalance.nospam@gmail.com (please remove “nospam”)