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Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
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Rise of the 'Cotton Kingdom'
1793
Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin, making cotton production more profitable. The market value of slaves increases as a result.

1793
The First Fugitive Slave Law is passed, allowing slave owners to cross state lines in the pursuit of fugitives and making it a penal offense to abet runaway slaves.

1794
Congress prohibits slave trade between the U.S. and foreign countries.

1795-1820
During a period of religious revivalism, known as the "Second Great Awakening," slaves convert to Christianity in large numbers for the first time.

1798
Georgia prohibits international slave trade.

1799
Virginia banishes white mothers of mulattos with their children.

1800
A slave named Gabriel Prosser, believing himself called by God, organizes a plot to kill all whites in Virginia, sparing only Quakers, Methodists, and French. The conspirators meet under the pretense of holding religious meetings.

1800
South Carolina forbids blacks from holding religious meetings at night.

1800
Congress prohibits U.S. citizens from exporting slaves.

1801
Congress extends the Virginia and Maryland slavery laws into the District of Columbia, establishing a federally authorized slave code.

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