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Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
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Balancing Act
1820
The Missouri Compromise forbids slavery in the Louisiana territory north of Missouri's Southern border. Under its terms, Maine is admitted to the Union as a free state and Missouri as a slave state.

1820
South Carolina announces penalties for introducing any written anti-slavery material into the state.

1820
In Charleston, South Carolina, slaves are required to wear distinctive identification tags. This law is later extended to free blacks in the city as well.

1822
Liberia is founded as a colony for blacks fleeing America.

1822
In South Carolina, Denmark Vesey is accused of organizing a massive slave uprising. Almost forty slaves, including Vesey, are executed. Others are sold out of the state.

1823
Alexander Lucius Twilight graduates from Middlebury College, making him the first black college graduate in the U.S.

1826
Pennsylvania passes an anti-kidnapping law to protect free blacks.

1827
Tennessee officially bans slave trading.

1827
Texas requires that one tenth of the slaves inherited by any estate be freed.

1827
Texas permits slaves to be sold between individuals.

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