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Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
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Abolition Awakening
1829
In Boston, Massachusetts, David Walker publishes his widely read vociferous condemnation of slavery, AN APPEAL TO THE COLORED CITIZENS OF THE WORLD.

1829
Mexico abolishes slavery and becomes a refuge for American fugitive slaves.

1830
The slave population in the U.S. numbers more than two million, making the ratio of free to enslaved Americans approximately 5.5:1.

1831
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, hosts the 1st annual Convention of People of Color.

1831
The Underground Railroad is given its name.

1831
William Lloyd Garrison founds THE LIBERATOR, an abolitionist newspaper.

1831
The New England Anti-Slavery Society is founded.

1831
Maria W. Stewart, a free black woman in Boston, Massachusetts, speaks out against slavery, becoming the first African-American woman to deliver a public lecture in the U.S.

1831
Debates in Virginia concerning emancipation mark the beginning of the last antebellum movement toward abolition in the South.

1831
North Carolina passes a law enforcing prohibition against teaching slaves to read and write as well as against providing slaves with reading materials like books or pamphlets.

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