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Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
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The Debate Intensifies
1831
Nat Turner, an enslaved Baptist preacher believing himself divinely inspired, leads a violent rebellion in Southampton, Virginia. At least 57 whites are killed.

1831
Virginia passes a law enforcing prohibitions against slaves congregating for religious service at night, regardless of whether black or white preachers hold those services.

1832
Alabama removes restraints on interstate slave trade.

1832
Kentucky forbids residents from buying and importing slaves.

1833
Britain abolishes slavery in all of its colonies, effective the following year.

1833
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, hosts the 1st American Anti-Slavery Society Convention.

1834
Louisiana removes restraints on the interstate slave trade.

1834-1835
Both New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, experience riots against blacks and anti-slavery advocates. Anti-abolition riots subsequently break out in major cities across the Northeast.

1835
In the Second Seminole War, blacks again fight alongside Native Americans in opposition to U.S. forces.

1836
Texas wins independence from Mexico and legalizes slavery. Free blacks and mulattos are forbidden from entering the state.

1835
Both North and South Carolina make formal requests to other states to suppress abolition societies and anti-slavery literature.

1836
Virginia, Georgia, and Alabama request that other states suppress abolitionist activities.

1836
Faced with a deluge of abolitionist petitions, the U.S. House of Representatives adopts a "gag rule" by which abolitionist materials are automatically tabled. The rule is renewed numerous times.

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