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Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
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Civil Rights Under Fire
1871
The Ku Klux Klan Act is passed, giving the federal government the right to mete out punishment where civil rights laws are not upheld and to use military force against anti-civil rights conspiracies.

1871
The Second Enforcement Act is passed to enforce rights granted to African Americans by the amended Constitution.

1871
In South Carolina, Grant imposes martial law and suspends the writ of habeas corpus.

1871
Whites in Georgia vote in a "Redeemer" government.

1871
The African-American Fisk Jubilee Singers go on national tour. The proceeds from the tour go toward the founding of Fisk University.

1872
Grant wins re-election against a Democratic/liberal Republican opponent.

1872
The Freedmen's Bureau is abolished.

1872
The Amnesty Act removes most remaining restrictions on Confederate office-holding.

1873
The New York TRIBUNE prints articles charging black representatives in South Carolina with corruption.

1873
In Colfax, Louisiana, in an attempt to protect the Republican government, the primarily black state militia clashes with the "White League," a group committed to all white government. Over 100 African Americans are killed.

1874
Arkansas and Alabama vote in "Redeemer" governments.

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