Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
Slavery and the Making of AmericaDramatic re-enactment of slaves being transported on a boat
Time and Place Slave Memories Resources The Slave Experience

Time and Place return to introduction
1619 1641 1662 1676 1694 1705 1712 1731 1739 1773 1776 1781 1787 1788 1793 1803 1817
1820 1829 1831 1837 1842 1848 1850 1857 1860 1862 1863 1865 1866 1867 1869 1871 1874
Choose a Date
The Birth of Jim Crow
1874
Democrats win control of both houses of Congress for the first time since the Antebellum period.

1874
Whites regain majority control of the South Carolina legislature.

1875
An outgoing Republican Congress passes a Civil Rights Act granting African Americans equal access to public accommodations, including transportation.

1875
Whites in Mississippi vote in a "Redeemer" government.

1875
In Mississippi, over 20 African Americans are killed in the "Clinton Massacre."

1877
By the so-called "Compromise of 1877," Republican Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president and the last federal troops withdraw from the South, marking the end of Reconstruction.

1877
Whites in Florida and Louisiana vote in "Redeemer" governments.

1878
The relocation of former slaves to Kansas, called the "Exoduster Movement," begins. Within the year, 30,000 blacks migrate to Kansas.

1881
Tennessee passes the first of its "Jim Crow" laws, segregating the state railroad. Other states follow the lead and legalize segregation.

printer-friendly formatemail this page to a friend
About the Series K-12 Learning Feedback Support PBS