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Case Details

Case: Virginia v. Moore
Subject(s): Fourth Amendment, search and seizure, evidence, exclusionary clause, search incident to arrest, federalism
Appealed from: Supreme Court of Virginia

Docket No: 06-1082
Decision Rendered: No
Decision: None

Question(s) presented: The Supreme Court will continue molding the contours of the exclusionary doctrine this Term, in a Virginia case challenging the use of evidence seized after officers arrested the defendant for a minor driving infraction that should only have resulted in a citation.

Holding of appellate court: A series of appeals culminated in a decision by the Virginia Supreme Court that the introduction of the cocaine evidence at trial was unconstitutional. The court reasoned that the United States Supreme Court's 1998 opinion in Knowles v. Iowa, 525 U.S. 113 (1998) compelled its rejection of the evidence. In Knowles, the Court held that police had no authority to search the car of a man who was stopped for a traffic infraction punishable only by citation. Attorneys representing Virginia asked the Court to hold that Knowles does not apply when officers actually arrest a suspect, as those situations are more likely to involve danger to officers or the need to preserve evidence for trial.

Date of Oral Arguments Your Prediction Your Prediction by Justice Update
Affirm Reverse Vacate Justice Affirm Reverse Vacate
Jan 14, 2008 Alito