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Nonimmigrant Visa for a Marxist
"In these unfinished things, people understand one another with difficulty unless talking face to face."
Albert Einstein

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Kleindienst

v.

Mandel
Nonimmigrant Visa for a Marxist

Justice Douglas Dissent
June 29, 1972
Seal Of The Supreme Court
Excerpt:

This action was brought to compel the attorney general to grant a temporary nonimmigrant visa to a Belgian journalist and Marxian theoretician whom the American plaintiff-appellees had invited to participate in academic conferences and discussions in this country. ... There can be no doubt that by denying the American appellees access to Dr. Mandel, the government has directly prevented the free interchange of ideas guaranteed by the First Amendment. It has, of course, interfered with appellees' personal rights both to hear Mandel's views and to develop and articulate their own views below recognized, apart from appellees' interests, there is also a "general public interest in the prevention of any stifling of political utterance." and the government has interfered with this as well. (2)

Footnote 2: ...I simply note that in a letter to Henrik Lorenz, accepting an invitation to lecture at the university of Leiden and to discuss "the radiation problem," Albert Einstein observed that "in these unfinished things, people understand one another with difficulty unless talking face to face." Quoted in DEVELOPMENTS IN THE LAW-THE NATIONAL SECURITY INTEREST AND CIVIL LIBERTIES, 85 HARV.L.REV. 1130 1154 (1972).


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