Most know award-winning veteran talk show host Larry King from his signature CNN program. He’s also a very funny guy. Even though King turns the tables on Tavis by asking the questions in a two-part conversation airing this week, Tavis couldn’t resist moving back into his usual role, if only for a moment.
This post was previously published on March 21, 2011 at Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity.
Marist College recently conducted a survey to determine what superpower Americans would most like to have. More than a quarter of Americans said they would want the power to travel through time, which tied with mind-reading as the most popular choice.
At the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, we often wish we had the power to travel through time. We wish we could anticipate and adequately prepare for the challenges that lie ahead, especially to improve the health and well-being of the most vulnerable among us.
Fortunately, we got a taste of that superpower with the expertise of the Institute for Alternative Futures. While time travel may be the stuff of fantasy, we can look into the future — or rather, many possible futures — with the aid of scenario planning. This approach is helping us to understand how our society and the vulnerable populations within it could change over the next two decades.
Being healthy has as much, if not more, to do with our social circumstances — where we live, learn, work, and play — than our access to medical care. And if you’re vulnerable, it often means you don’t have the same kinds of opportunities to make healthy decisions as others. What opportunities you do have may be undermined by poor education, inadequate housing, low income, stress, or violence.
Recognizing the importance of such social influences on health, the scenarios we analyzed looked at a range of factors ranging from education and technology to food, cultural shifts, and crime.
Not surprisingly, two drivers of vulnerability loomed larger than the others: what happens to the economy and jobs, and how the government responds. Even a strong economy does not guarantee a drop in the ranks of the vulnerable. Likewise, there are ways we can respond to economic hardship that would ultimately improve their prospects.
The following is a quick overview of the four scenarios we considered:
SCENARIO 1: COMEBACK?
The economy rebounds after the Great Recession. Education improves and benefits most families. But automation and offshoring prevent many jobs from ever coming back. Governments are constrained by their debts. Despite some improvements, the ranks of the vulnerable expand.
SCENARIO 2: DARK DECADES
The double‐dip recession is followed by peak oil in 2016. Prices for energy and food rise rapidly while low‐ and middle‐income jobs continue to disappear. Government services and payments are cut severely, while vulnerability rises significantly.
SCENARIO 3: EQUITABLE ECONOMY
A depression follows the Great Recession. Massive unemployment and hardship prompt a shift in values that leads to an economy that is fair and works for all. Governments are forced to be effective and education advances opportunity across populations. Vulnerability is reduced.
SCENARIO 4: CREATIVE COMMUNITIES
The economy recovers. High debt levels limit what federal and state governments can do. Families and communities become more self‐reliant and entrepreneurial. Technology yields low‐cost energy and food. Communities develop local currencies, barter services, and support innovation. Vulnerability is reduced.
These scenarios allow us to anticipate what might be, to imagine, to check assumptions, to leave less to chance, and to act in smarter ways to enhance the impact of our efforts and resources. The optimal response is to develop strategies that will work across a range of different conditions. For example, finding cost-effective solutions to vulnerability that can be deployed locally, but also scaled nationally, makes sense in any of the scenarios. All the more so if those solutions address interconnected factors — such as health, education, employment, and housing — at the same time.
This is a particularly challenging time for vulnerable populations and for the country as a whole. We still face high unemployment and deep, long-term deficits with budget cuts that imperil safety net programs, education, and health care. And signs that policy leaders will reach consensus on effective solutions to entrenched challenges continue to be elusive.
But just as Americans are largely in agreement about what superpowers they wish they had, we are confident that there are many innovative and practical strategies that could improve the health and well-being of our most vulnerable populations and that the majority of Americans could embrace.
The time to start identifying those solutions is now, guided by thoughtful, provocative tools that help us take that leap forward in time.
Jane Isaacs Lowe is Team Director and Senior Program Officer for the Vulnerable Populations Portfolio of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Former D.C. Schools Chancellor Michelle Rhee, sits down with Tavis tonight to discuss the state of education in the country and to respond to a USA Today investigation that questions the integrity of standardized test scores at D.C. schools under her watch.
“We followed all of the right protocols,” Rhee says via satellite from
D.C. “If you look at the story overall, I think it absolutely lacks
Specifically, USA Today investigated test scores at D.C.’s Crosby S. Noyes Education Campus and found the following:
…for the past three school years most of Noyes’ classrooms had extraordinarily high numbers of erasures on standardized tests. The consistent pattern was that wrong answers were erased and changed to right ones.
Noyes is one of 103 public schools here that have had erasure rates that surpassed D.C. averages at least once since 2008. That’s more than half of D.C. schools.
In the video below and on the show tonight, Rhee refutes the claims made by the USA Today investigation.
“The really unfortunate piece,” the education reformer goes on to say, “is that oftentimes when the academic achievement rates of a district like D.C. go up people assume that it can’t be because the kids are actually attaining higher gains in student achievement, but that it’s because of something like cheating, which in this case was absolutely not the case.”
I was on a transatlantic flight recently, taking advantage of the downtime to catch up on the movies I’d missed in theaters, when I caught Waiting for Superman, a documentary about American public schools, and without a doubt the most frightening movie I saw last year. It was also the most heartbreaking, and, in the interest of full disclosure, I was in tears by the film’s end, no doubt attracting my share of strange looks from my fellow passengers.
Waiting for Superman, directed by Davis Guggenheim (who also directed An Inconvenient Truth) tells the story of America’s public schools as seen through the experiences of a handful of kids from different backgrounds and economic circumstances. It reveals an education system that is not just broken, but that actively threatens the future of our nation by under-educating many thousands of children every year.
It’s a highly troubling story to say the least, and reveals American public school students to be some of the worst-educated in the developed world. It’s a systemic problem rooted in dysfunctional policy and corrupt teachers’ unions, and, if the film’s message is to be believed, may soon lead to America’s decline among the world’s great powers.
The film is not without hope, however, revealing people who are actively working to turn the system around. One of them is Geoffrey Canada, the extraordinary leader of The Harlem Children’s Zone (and a past guest on the show). Another is this week’s guest, Michelle Rhee. One of the most striking sections of the film focuses on Rhee’s turbulent battle to reform the DC public school system as its embattled chancellor, a tenure which ended late last year.
Rhee is one of the few rays of hope in an otherwise incredibly bleak picture of what kids in U.S. public schools face every day. Now, she continues her work as the leader of StudentsFirst, a national nonprofit aimed at education reform. If there is a hope for America’s kids (at least those without the option of private education), it’s in people like Rhee and Canada and their undying commitment to fixing our schools.
Women’s history month is a celebration of what American women have contributed to U.S. culture. When most people think of American women and their contributions to women’s history, they may switch between African American or Caucasian role models like Rosa Parks, Hillary Rodham Clinton, or Susan B. Anthony.
Though these and several other African American and Caucasian women have contributed a multitude to American culture — they are not the only ones.
The United States is full of successful Asian American, Hispanic and Indian American women who have enhanced the fabric of American culture with bright hues. From politics to entertainment, these women have cracked the glass ceiling.
It’s quite shocking, really, that they haven’t been as widely recognized. This is especially true for Indian American women, who have augmented opportunities for other Indian American women to advance in entertainment, politics, business, and sciences.
Aruna Miller (pictured left) is the first Indian American woman to win as delegate in the state of Maryland. Her win creates a path for other Indian American women in politics. And Nikki Haley (pictured above with caption) is not only the first woman governor of South Carolina, but the first Indian American woman in the United States to hold the position.
It is safe to say that Indra Nooyi, Forbes third most powerful
woman in 2009, created an air hole for women to breathe new life in the business
world. Nooyi is the CEO of Pepsi and has focused on revamping the
company. She incorporated healthier ingredients and has debuted new
product lines that have enriched the company’s brand nation-wide.
Women’s history should also be inclusive of achievements made in the entertainment industry by women writers, producers and actresses. Actress Mindy Kaling, who plays Kelly Kapoor in “The Office,” is a triple threat. She stars in, writes and has produced episodes for the show. Interestingly, some of the episodes she has written have been nominated for Emmy Awards.
Indian American author Jhumpa Lahiri won the Pulitzer Prize for her debut collection of stories — Interpreter of Maladies. Her second work — The Namesake — was turned into a film, and the British-born, Rhode Island-raised writer’s third book, Unaccustomed Earth, debuted at No. 1 on The New York Times bestseller list.
And finally, we must not forget about Padma Lakshmi — the Indian American supermodel turned TV show host for Bravo TV’s “Top Chef.” In addition to being a bona fide food expert with best-selling cookbooks under her belt, Lakshmi opened up opportunities for Indian American women to be stars.
There has been no shortage of examples of why Indian American women need to be recognized during Women’s History Month. Only time will tell if they ever will be.
Sherryn Daniel is a blogger, business school graduate student and New Media Manager for the National Women’s History Project. In her spare time, she writes self-help articles as a D.C. Examiner Self-Help writer for examiner.com.
Photo credits are as follows: Mindy Kaling by Kristin Dos Santos; Indra Nooyi by World Economic Forum; Padma Lakshmi by David Shankbone.
Foreign policy expert Richard Haass talks to Tavis tonight about the role of the United States in the Libyan conflict.
“I believe we made a mistake by escalating our goals,” says the President of the Council on Foreign Relations. “Very quickly we took diplomacy off the board. We were left then with either sanctions… or using military force.”
In the video below, Haass, who did not support the decision to initiate a no-fly zone in Libya, questions the Obama Administration’s decision to jump “in with both feet with so much uncertainty about the consequences of what it is we’re doing.”
Twitter turned five this week, and co-founder Biz Stone sat down with Tavis to
discuss the ups and downs of the microblogging site.
I wish we could have predicted it,” says Stone in the clip below and on the show tonight. “Because we weren’t ready for the growth.”
The growth that Stone is referring to involved taking an eight-employee, start-up social networking site and turning it into a global phenomenon, which now boasts 1 billion tweets per week, 200 million accounts and 400 employees.
Stone says that while there were some difficulties along the way, the journey has been rewarding.”The most rewarding thing for me has been this affirmation for me that people are basically good and smart, and if you give them a simple tool
that allows them to exhibit that behavior they’ll prove it to you every single day,” says Stone.<watch the="" clip="" below,=""
Watch the clip below, tune in tonight for the full conversation and share your thoughts on Twitter’s 5th Birthday.
While Japan continues to battle the devastation wrought by the recent earthquake and tsunami, concerned citizens abroad are doing what they can to help get Japan back on its feet. Within the country, meanwhile, donations of food, water and other essential supplies are coming from an unexpected source: the yakuza.
According to a piece by Jake Adelstein in The Daily Beast, several prominent Japanese organized crime syndicates have been sending truckloads of supplies to the worst-hit areas of the country, and even opening the doors of their offices to the stranded and homeless. It’s a surprising gesture, coming from groups renowned for extortion and violence; but it’s nonetheless a heartening sign in a country that clearly needs to pull together through hard times.
Check out the story here.
This post was previously published at juicytomatoes.com.
I have a photo of Eleanor Roosevelt on my home office wall that my
sister gave me. Eleanor peers down at me through her glasses and inside
the frame I’ve attached the Eleanor quote: “You must do the thing you
think you cannot do.”
I am surrounded by women. I have postcard images of Toni Morrison, Amelia Earhart and Katharine Hepburn being Rosie in The African Queen. I have a Frieda Kahlo light switch. A souvenir ‘Hillary for President’ bumper sticker.
Every March since 1987 Women’s History Month has been officially
celebrated throughout the country, the intent to identify women artists
and writers and astronauts who have contributed to the nation, not to be
outdone by the mighty men who once dominated history. The project was
organized by the National Women’s History Project in Sonoma County, CA,
where I live, and spread across the country.
As a newspaper columnist, now blogger, I’ve been writing about Women’s
History Month and celebrating practically every March since then, but I
realize I also require daily reminders from the different women I look
to for courage, grace, spirit, humor and resolve.
There’s my photo of Rebecca Latimer from Sonoma who was married to a
diplomat and became liberated in her 60s when her husband left
government, they became pacifists and Rebecca started writing books.
I have a birthday card from one of my daughters that shows a woman in
a red dress dancing barefoot. The text, by Anne Lamott, says, “Dance
hungry, dance full, dance each cold astonishing moment.”
There’s a postcard of Mayan women in brilliant dress holding hands
with children and standing up to a police barricade. A cut-out doll of
Simone de Beauvoir. A moody photo of a middle aged woman sitting
comfortably alone in a bar, maybe Chicago, maybe Berlin.
I do adore men and children and dogs and pictures of foggy beaches
and lush French country scenes of tables set with yellow cloths and a
bottle of wine.
But in the small working space where I go to think, write and be alone I need my women speaking to me.
There’s a newspaper photo of Indian women lining up to vote. A
calendar picture of a Victorian woman stretched out on a couch, holding a
book, in a swoon over something she just read. A photo of the Angel of
the Waters, the full-skirted and winged sculpture at Bethesda Fountain
in Central Park. Plus a bulletin board packed with photos of daughters
and girlfriends, my sister, my mother, my book club.
A witch doll with curly red hair hangs from the window next to a
figurine of a peasant woman with her hair in a bun leaning on a broom.
I look over my shoulder at delicious Josephine Baker with her big
eyes and shake-a-tail feather attitude, who fled America to take her
talent to Paris, saying she was too afraid to be Black in this country.
Gloria Feldt, the feminist author who used to run Planned Parenthood,
in the even more embattled years than today, says that we all make
history, whether or not we end up on a poster or a greeting card.
In her book, No Excuses, about women and power, she writes:
“Every action you and I take moves women forward, takes them back or
maintains the status quo.”
Given this point in women’s history, when some would like to halt our
progress, I think it’s important to keep all our women in our sights.
Susan Swartz is a journalist, blogger and public radio commentator in Northern California. She is the author of The Juicy Tomatoes Guide to Ripe Living After 50, and you can read her at juicytomatoes.com.
Rap artist Lupe Fiasco says he has no problem taking President Obama to task, even though it might not go over well with some of the fans of his music.
“I respect him. And I love him as a brother,” says the Chicago native, whose long-awaited third album “Lasers” is out this week. “But there’s some serious issues.”
In the clip below and on the show tonight, Fiasco offers his take on U.S. involvement in Afghanistan, addresses an economic system that he believes is “flawed” and explains why he had concerns about President Obama from the beginning.
“You judge a man on his actions,” says Fiasco. “You don’t judge a man on his words.”